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II.—SUBJECTS AND AUTHORS.

Ackermann quoted, 217.

Action and suffering combined in Jesus, 57.

Adam, the second, 203, etc.

Agony of Jesus in Gethsemane, 140-142.

Ἁμαρτία, import of the word, investigated, 72, etc.

Ἀναμαρτησία and ἀναμάρτητος, the meaning of the words, examined, 99.

Apollinaris, his Christology, 256.

Apollonius of Tyana, and Jesus Christ, 98.

Apologetics, the aim of, 4, etc.

Appearance, the physical, of Jesus, 190, etc.

Athanasius holds both the true humanity and sinlessness of Jesus, 256; seems to assume the sinlessness of other human individuals besides Jesus, 201.

Atonement of Jesus by His sacrificial death, 222.

Autonomy repudiated, 23.

Baur quoted respecting Apollonius of Tyana, 98.

Bretschneider referred to respecting the anamartesia of Jesus, 66.

Calling of Jesus, the, 49.

Centurion, the, his testimony to Jesus, 42.

Character of Jesus, import of the idea of the, 63.

Christianity, its nature, 4; how to be vindicated, 3-7, etc.; its effects in the domain of morals and religion, 81; new life of, in its religious and moral aspects, 83-90; combines the elements of morality and religion, 90.

Christology of Apollinaris, 256.

Church, the Christian, founded. by Christ, 232-239; His kingdom, 246.

Church of the Middle Ages pressed Christ into the background, 259.

Cicero quoted respecting Socrates, 54; respecting the impossibility of finding a wise man, 97.

Condescension, the, of Jesus, 48.

Consciousness of Jesus of His own sinlessness, 77-81.

Creative Divine influence in the origin of the personality of Jesus, 164.

Cross, the sufferings of Jesus on the, 142-144.

Cursing the fig-tree, Jesus, 146.

Daub’s conception of Judas, 150.

Death of Jesus, the, a true sacrifice, 222.

Demosthenes, .De Corona, quoted, 99.

295

Desertion by the Father, Jesus’ sense of, 142.

Development of the Person of Jesus, 109, etc.; does not necessarily involve antagonism with sin, 110, etc.; of Jesus perfectly normal, 110, 111; opposed to everything unnatural and monstrous, 111, 112.

Devil, the, who tempted Jesus, 287.

De Wette quoted, 75, 76, 163, 279, 282, 289.

Διάβολος, 287.

Divine nature of Jesus viewed in relation to His sinlessness, 196.

Doing and suffering, their relation in the life of Jesus, 57.

Dream, the temptation of Christ not a, 285.

Duty not the principle which regulated the actions of Jesus, but love, 16.

Ego, the, becomes the centre of life to fallen man, 27, etc.

Epictetus asserts the impossibility of moral stainlessness, 99.

Error in knowledge and fault in life, their connection, 183.

Eternal life, the sinless Jesus the pledge of, 239, etc.

Example superior in power to law, 213, etc.

Example of goodness, why a belief in, is not universal, 216.

Example of Jesus, its significance for us not destroyed by holding the Divine formation of His personality, 165.

Experience, arguments drawn from, against the sinlessness of Jesus, examined, 160-169.

Evidence, moral, however strong, may be resisted, 37; this true in relation to the evidence for Christ’s sinlessness, 37.

Faith in humanity and God, 161, etc.

Faith necessary on man’s side to enter into fellowship with Jesus, 230, etc.

Faith and love due to Jesus, 250.

Fathers of the Church, the older, their views of the physical appearance of Jesus, 191.

Fellowship of men, a true, formed by Jesus, 232.

Fig-tree, Jesus cursing the, 146.

Finiteness of Jesus, the, involves no sin nor guilt, 167.

Founder of the Church, Jesus the, 232-239.

Freedom, moral, an indestructible attribute of human nature, 164.

Free-will resident in a moral personality, 16.

Fulfilling of the law, love the only real, 26.

Gethsemane, 140-142.

God the centre of life to man, 27.

‘Good, none but One,’ 153-156.

Goodness, the image of, in Jesus, 218.

Goodness, the example of, why not the object of universal belief, 216.

Gospel portraiture of Jesus, 47-69.

Greatness of Jesus, 47; serenity of, 50, etc.

Harmony of the life of Jesus, 50, etc.

Hase’s Life of Jesus, as to the plan of Jesus, 115, note, 116, note; as to the supposed struggle of Jesus with error, 117, note; as to the infallibility of Jesus, 185; as to the temptation of Jesus, 278.

Hasert quoted, 141.

Heathen world, under the dominion of nature without a consciousness of sin, 85; viewed in relation to piety and morals, 92.

Hercules, parallel between Prodikus’ story of, and the two 296ways, and the temptation of Christ, 139.

Hippolytus first uses the word ἀναμάρτητος in reference to Christ, 255.

Hocheisen quoted as to the supposed parallel between the temptation of Jesus and that of Hercules, 139.

Holiness, innocence, and freedom from sin, how distinguished, 34, etc.; embraces morality and religion, 90-93; as a quality of man and an attribute of God, 91; viewed in relation to heathenism and Judaism, 92, etc.

Homer quoted, 48.

Human, the universally and the individual, united in Jesus, 52-55.

Human nature of Jesus, 182.

Humanity, the idea of, 174; realized in the sinless One, 176.

Humility and majesty of Jesus, 59, etc.

Humility, as an attribute of Jesus, does not imply sinfulness, 167.

Idea of the character of Jesus, its value, 63; not the idea of, but the fact, has influenced the world, 94-106.

Idea, the moral, arguments drawn from, against the sinlessness of Christ, examined, 169, etc.

Idea, the Divine, of humanity, 174.

Image of goodness in Jesus, all-comprehensive and intelligible, 218.

Impeccability and sinlessness, the difference between, 34.

‘In Christ,’ 231.

Individual, the, and the universally human, united and reconciled in Christ, 52-55.

Infallibility, the necessary result of moral perfection, 183, 184; this applied to Christ Jesus, 186, etc.

Inferences from the sinlessness of Jesus as to His human nature, 182, etc.; in respect to His Divine nature, 196, etc.; in regard to His relation to mankind, 207, etc.

Jesus, personally viewed, the idea whence the vindication of Christianity must proceed, 7; the influence of His image on the heart, 12; possibility of sin in, 34; His sinlessness may be denied, yet believable, 37; testimonies, borne to His sinlessness by men of different characters—Pilate, Pilate’s wife, 42,—the centurion, 42,—Judas, 43, apostles and apostolic men, 45; His moral greatness, 47, etc.; condescension, 48; a religious and moral personality, 49; harmony of His life, 50, etc.; relation of the individual to the human in the person of, as to family, nation, and humanity, 52-55; His self-reliance, 56, etc.; union of doing and suffering, 57; humility and majesty, 59, etc.; obedience to the Father’s will, 61, etc.; love to man, 61, etc.; beauty of the portrait of, 63, etc.; impossibility of inventing such a character, 64, etc. ; His sadness—its cause, 121; His temptation, 123, etc. (see Temptation); His agony in Gethsemane, 140, etc.; His sufferings on the cross, 142, etc.; His relation to Judas, 149, etc.; His physical appearance, 191, etc.; as a teacher, 186, etc.; as a worker of miracles, 194, etc.

Jesus, the Gospel portraiture of, 47, etc.

Jesus, His self-testimony to His sinlessness, 69-81.

Jesus, His relation to mankind, 297207; as the personal revelation of the nature and will of God, 209; as the Mediator between God and sinful man, 219-232; as the founder of the true fellowship of men, 232-239; as the pledge of eternal life, 239-247.

Judaism, the consciousness of sin in, 85; character of its conception of holiness, 92.

Judas, his testimony to Jesus, 42; relation of Jesus to, 149-153.

Josephus’ testimony to Jesus referred to, 41.

Kingdom of Jesus ever set forth by Him as spiritual, 118; not of this world, 235.

Lauf’s view of the temptation of Jesus, 274.

Law, the moral, its nature and origin, 21-25; fulfilled by love, 26; inefficacious in comparison with example, 213.

Life, eternal, the sinless Jesus the pledge of, 239.

Love the fulfilling of the law, 26.

Love to God and man the regulating power of the life of Jesus, 61, 62.

Lücke quoted respecting the sinlessness of Jesus, 76.

Luther quoted, 251.

Majesty and humility of Jesus, 59.

Mediation, its necessity, 228.

Middle Age theologians, their adhesion to the sinlessness of Christ, 257.

Miracles, their apologetic value, 10.

Miracles of Jesus, the mode of their performance, 194, etc.

Mission of Jesus, the, 114; its object, 235.

Mohammed laid no claim to sinlessness, 100.

Monotheistic religions without the idea of sinless holiness in man, 99-101.

Moral idea, the argument drawn from the, against the sinlessness of Christ, examined, 169, etc.

Moral life, the new, in Christianity, 83-90.

Morality and religion united in holiness, 90-93.

Morals and religion, influence of Christianity in the domain of, 81; distinguished, 82.

Müller, Dr. Julius, his Doctrine of Sin quoted, 34; on the nature of personal development, 110; on the moral idea, 176.

Mythical view of the temptation of Christ examined, 280, etc.

Nationality of Jesus blended with the universal spirit of humanity, 53-55.

Nature, subjection of the heathen to the dominion of, 85, 92. Nestorius and Nestorianism falsely reproached with Pelagian views, 201.

Nitzsch quoted as to the ἀσθένεια of Christ, 126.

Obedience of love, the great principle of the life of Jesus, 61.

Objections to the apostles’ testimony to the sinlessness of Jesus examined, 65, etc.

Objections to the sinlessness of Jesus examined.—first, His mental and moral development, 109-114; secondly, the development of the Messianic plan, 114-123; thirdly, His temptations, 123, etc.,—temptation viewed as allurement to sin, 135-137,—temptation from sufferings, 139-144; fourthly, New Testament facts, viz.—His apparent disobedience, 145,—His cursing the fig-tree, 146,—permitting 298the demons to destroy the swine, 147,—driving the buyers and sellers out of the temple, 148,—His relation to Judas, 149, etc.;—fifthly, experience, 160.

Œtinger’s Contributions to the Theology of the Koran quoted, 100.

Old Testament sacrifices, their nature and design, 223, etc.

Olshausen’s Biblical Commentary quoted on the human development of the Messiah, 112, etc.; on the call of Judas, 150; on the temptation of Jesus, 288. Order of the world in the domain of nature, 16; in the ethical kingdom, 17-19.

Osiander quoted respecting the joyousness and sadness of Jesus, 121.

Parable, the temptation of Christ not a, 277.

Πειράζων, the, 287.

Pelagianism, its relation to the Person of Jesus, 200.

Person of Jesus, the, not His doctrine, the source of His influence, 83-84; the centre of our religion, 248.

Personality of Jesus, the religious, 49; formed by Divine creative influence, 164.

Pfeiffer’s view of the temptation of Jesus, 266.

Pilate, his testimony to Jesus, 42.

Plan of Jesus, objection to the phrase, 115; not altered, ibid.; but ever the same, 115-118.

Plato, his portrait of a righteous man, 96.

Plenipotentiary of God, Jesus the, 147.

Portrait, the Gospel, of Jesus, 47-69; not the creation of the fancy of the early Christians, 64, etc.

Possibility of sin in Jesus, a truth, when rightly understood, 33.

Proof, moral, however strong, may be rejected, 37.

Reconciliation and redemption through Christ, 88-90.

Reformers, the Protestant, their principal merit, 259.

Religion, its basis and nature, 5, 6; and morality distinguished, 82; combined in holiness, 90, etc.

Religious life, the new, created. by Jesus, 86; consisting in reconciliation and redemption, 88.

Religious personality of Jesus, the, 49.

Revelation, the sinless Jesus, the personal, of the will of God, 209.

Righteous man, the, Plato’s portrait of, 96.

Sacrifice of Jesus, a sacrifice of atonement, 222; the condition of, 224; reveals sin, 226, etc.; awakens sorrow, 227; communicates grace, ibid.

Sacrifices of the Old Testament, their nature and design, 223.

Sadness of Jesus, its cause, 121.

Salvation only in Christ, 248.

Σάρξ ascribed to Christ in a good sense, 125.

Satan, who tempted Jesus, how to be viewed, 137.

Schleiermacher quoted, 112.

Selfishness the real essence of sin, 27, 28.

Self-reliance of Jesus, 56, etc.

Self-surrender to God’s holy will, man’s right relation, 26.

Self-testimony of Jesus respecting His sinlessness—negative, 69-71; positive, 71-81.

Sensuous element, the, in the virtue of Jesus, involved nothing sinful, 166.

Sin, its nature, 14, etc.; a violation of order, 17, etc.; a coming 299short of the true destination of man, 18, etc.; a violation of moral law which has its root in the Divine personality, 23, etc.; a forsaking of God, 26; selfishness, 27, 28, etc.; its effects—moral blindness, 29, etc.,—destruction of unity, 29,—alienation from men, 30,—destruction of moral fellowship, 30, etc.; the possibility of, in Jesus, when rightly understood, 33.

Sinfulness, and the possibility of sinning, distinguished, 163.

Sinlessness, both negative and positive, 1, 33; influence of the thought, 1; importance of, in relation to apologetics, 3-9; a moral perfection, 35, 36; perfect obedience, 35; perfect union with God, 36; distinguished from impeccability, 34; believable of Jesus, 37; testimony of Jesus to His own sinlessness, 69-81; effects of the belief of, 81, etc.; these effects not produced by an idea, but by a fact, 94, etc.; not invented by the apostles, 102.

Sinless perfection, a tradition of an actual life of, 2; the impression caused by such an appearance, 2, 3.

Sinners, all men are, 202.

Socrates and Jesus, 54, 65, 66, 97, 98.

Sophocles, the pictures of virtue which he presents, 95.

Spiritualism, 94.

Stapfer quoted, 181.

Steudel quoted on the possibility of sin in Jesus, 34.

Strauss, his mythical view of the temptation of Jesus, 282.

Substitute for sinners, Jesus the, 228.

Suffering and doing, the relation between, in Jesus, 57.

Sufferings of Christ, the, in Gethsemane, 140-142; on the cross, 142-144.

Swine, the destruction of the herd of, its bearing on the character of Jesus, 148, etc.

Teacher, Jesus viewed as a, 186, etc.

Temple, the expulsion of the buyers and sellers from the, by Jesus, 148.

Temptation, its relation to evil, 127-129.

Temptation of Jesus, its reality, 124; ground of its possibility, 126; the narrative of, considered in relation to the sinlessness of Jesus, 129; historical character of the narrative of, 131, 132; threefold, 133,134; its reference to His Messianic character, 134; its reference to Him as man, 134-136; may be viewed as an outward or inward transaction, 136; His moral purity unsullied thereby, 137; exercised no determining influence over His inward life, 138; examination of details of the narrative of, 265-276; explanations which represent the narrative as a mere product of thought, 277-286; explanations which recognise in it a historical basis, 284-291.

Tempter, the, 287.

Testimony of Jesus to His own sinlessness, 69-81.

Union with Christ, 231.

Unity, the, of mankind, secured in Christ, 232-239.

Usteri’s view of the narrative of the agony of Jesus in Gethsemane, 140; mythical view of the temptation of Jesus, 280, etc.

Vision, the temptation of Christ not a, 285.

Wandsbeeker Messenger, the, quoted on the value of the idea of the character of Christ, 63.

300

Weber quoted respecting the sinlessness of Jesus, 66.

Weisse quoted on the moral sinlessness of Jesus, 190.

Will of God, the, concerning us, a will of holy love, 26, etc.; the sinless Jesus, the personal revelation of the, 209, etc.

Xenophon’s testimony to Socrates, compared with the apostles’ testimony to Jesus, 65, 66; quoted, 97.

Young man, the rich, 153-156.

Zeal of Jesus, the, 148.

THE END.

MURRAY AND GIBB, EDINBURGH
PRINTERS TO HER MAJESTY’S STATIONERY OFFICE.

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