(sprout of life), properly “the Tammuz,” the article indicating that at some time or other the word had been regarded as an
appellative. (Ezekiel 8:14) Jerome identifies Tammuz with Adonis, of Grecian mythology, who was fabled to have lost his wife while hunting, by a wound
from the tusk of a wild boar. He was greatly beloved by the goddess Venus, who was inconsolable at his loss. His blood according
to Ovid produced the anemone, but according to others the adonium, while the anemone sprang from the tears of Venus. A festival
in honor of Adonis was celebrated at Byblus in Phoenicia and in most of the Grecian cities, and even by the Jews when they
degenerated into idolatry. It took place in July, and was accompanied by obscene rites.