Gold was known from the very earliest times. (Genesis 2:11) It was at first used chiefly for ornaments, etc.
(Genesis 24:22) Coined money was not known to the
ancients till a comparatively late period; and on the Egyptian tombs
gold is represented as being weighed in rings for commercial purposes.
Comp. (Genesis 43:21) Gold was extremely abundant
in ancient times, (1 Chronicles 22:14; 2 Chronicles 1:15; 9:9; Daniel 3:1; Nahum 2:9) but this did not depreciate its value,
because of the enormous quantities consumed by the wealthy in furniture,
etc. (1 Kings 6:22) 10 passim ; (Esther 1:6; Song of Solomon 3:9,10; Jeremiah 10:9) The chief countries mentioned as producing gold are Arabia, Sheba and Ophir. (1 Kings 9:28; 10:1; Job 28:16)