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xix

CHRONOLOGY OF THE DOUBLE KINGDOM OF ISRAEL, c. 940-639 b.c.

*** c. = circa: it refers only to the accession of the kings of Judah and Israel; the years are exact so far as they concern the Assyrian data. A date opposite the mere name of a king signifies the year of his accession.

  JUDAH.     ISRAEL.           THE PROPHETS.     SYRIA, ETC. ASSYRIA.      
940 c. Disruption of the Kingdom.                          
  Rehoboam.     Jeroboam I.                          
        Establishment of calf images in N. Israel.                          
923 c. Abijam.                                
920 c. Asa.                                
918 c. ...     Nadab.                          
915 c. ...     Baasha.                          
891 c. ...     Elah.                          
888 c. ...     Zimri. Omri.                          
876 c. ...     Ahab.                 Revolt of Mesha of Moab: the Moabite Stone (circa 860).        
874 c. Jehoshaphat.     ...           Elijah.              
854 ...     First contact of Israel           . . .     and Syria with Assyria at the Battle of Ḳarḳar.     854
853 c. ...     Ahaziah.                          
852 c. ...     Joram. Invades Moab with Judah and Edom.                          
850 ...     ...           ...     Campaigns in all these 3 yrs by Shalmaneser II. of Assyria against Dadidri or Hadadezer of Damascus.     850
849 c. Jehoram.     ...           ...             849
846 ...     ...           ...     Revolt of Edom from Judah (2 Kings viii. 20 ff.).       846
844 c. Ahaziah.                                
842 c. Athaliah.     Jehu.           Elisha.     ... Tribute from Jehu.     842
... ...     ...           ...     War of Hazael with Assyria.     ...
839 ...     ...           ...     War of Hazael with Assyria.     839
836 c. Joash.     ...           ...     Hazael subdues Gilead (Amos i. 3); attacks Gath, but is bought off from Jerusalem. ...     836
814 c. ...     Jehoahaz.           ...     ...     814
812 ...     ...           ...     ... Accession of Ramman-Nirari.     812
806 ...     ...           ...     Arpad, campaign against, by Assyria.     806
803 ...     ...           ...     Damascus, under Meri, besieged and taken by Assyria.
A year of pestilence.
    803
798 c. ...     Joash.                          
797 c. Amaziah.                                
783 c. ...     Jeroboam II.           ...     ... Shalmaneser III.     783
778 c. Uzziah (Azariah).                                
775 ...     Jeroboam re-conquers Moab, Gilead, and part of Aram.           ...     ... Expedition to Cedar Country.     775
773 ...               ...     Damascus, campaign against, by Assyria.     773
772 ...               ...     Hadrach, campaign against, by Assyria.     772
765 ...               ...     A pestilence. Accession of Assur-dan-il.     765
763 Total eclipse of the sun on June 15th visible in Syria and at Nineveh.     763
759 ...     ...           ...     A pestilence in Western Asia. ...     759
755 ...     ...           ...     Hadrach suffers attack from Assyria.     755
754 ...     ...           Amos.     Arpad suffers attack from Assyria.     754
753 ...     ...           ...     ... Accession of Assur-Nirari.     753
745 ...     ...           ...     ... Accession of Tiglath-Pileser III.     745
743 ...     Zechariah, son of Jeroboam (6 mo.).
Shallum (1 mo.).
Menahem.
          ...     Arpad besieged, and after two or three years taken by Assyria.     743
742 ...     ...           ...             742
741 ...     ...           Hosea.             741
740 736? "The year King Uzziah died."
Jotham sole ruler.
    ...                          
738 ...     Menahem is           . . .     mentioned as tributary to Assyria.     738
737 c. ...     Pekahiah.                          
736 c. Ahaz.     Pekah, the Gileadite.                          
735 Ahaz is attacked both by Pekah and       . . .     by Rezin of Damascus (Isa. vii.). ...     735
734 ...     Captivity of Gilead, Galilee, etc.,           . . .     . . . by Assyria (Isa. viii., ix.).     734
733 ...     ...           ...     Damascus besieged and taken by Assyria.     733
732 Ahaz pays homage     . . .           . . .     at Damascus to the King of Assyria.     732
731 ...     ...           ...     ... Tiglath-Pileser becomes King of Babylon under the name of Pul.     731
730 c. ...     Hoshea.                          
727 c. Hezekiah.     ...           Isaiah.     ... Shalmaneser IV.     727
725 ...     Siege of Samaria begins.                          
722 or 1 ...     Fall of Samaria.           ...     ... Sargon takes Samaria.     722 or 1
720 or 19 ...     ...           ...     Gaza overthrown by Sargon as he marches past Judah and defeats Egypt at Raphia.     720 or 19
715 ...     Samaria peopled           . . .     . . . by subjugated tribes deported from Assyria.     715
711 ...     ...           ...     Ashdod taken by  . . . Sargon.     711
709 ...     ...           ...     ... Sargon takes Babylon from Merodach-Baladan.     709
705 ...     ...           Micah.     ... Death of Sargon.     705
704 ...     ...           ...     ... War with Merodach-Baladan.     704
701 Invasion of Judah  . . .
Deliverance of Jerusalem.
        . . .     and of all Syria  . . .
Siege of Ekron. Battle of Eltekeh.
by Sennacherib.     701
695 c.22   This date is very uncertain. It may have been 690, or according to some 685. Manasseh.     ...                   Asarhaddon succeeds.      
681 ...     ...           ...     ... Sennacherib murdered.     681
678 ...     ...           ...     Phœnicia subdued by Asarhaddon.     678
676 Manasseh     tributary to  . . .           . . .     . . . Assyria.     676
671 ...     ...           ...     Tyre taken by  . . . Asarhaddon on his march to Egypt and conquest of Memphis.     671
668 ...     ...           ...     ... Assurbanipal.     668
666 Manasseh     and the           . . .     other Syrian kings  . . . tributary to Assyria.     666
641 c. Amon.     ...           ...     Tyre assists  . . .
the Phœnician Arvad.
Assurbanipal against     641
639 c. Josiah.                                

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