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Canon LXII.

The so-called Calends, and what are called Bota and Brumalia, and the full assembly which takes place on the first of March, we wish to be abolished from the life of the faithful.  And also the public dances of women, which may do much harm and mischief.  Moreover we drive away from the life of Christians the dances given in the names of those falsely called gods by the Greeks whether of men or women, and which are performed after an ancient and un-Christian fashion; decreeing that no man from this time forth shall be dressed as a woman, nor any woman in the garb suitable to men.  Nor shall he assume comic, satyric, or tragic masks; nor may men invoke the name of the execrable Bacchus when they squeeze out the wine in the presses; nor when pouring out wine into jars [to cause a laugh378378    Not found in Mansi.], practising in ignorance and vanity the things which proceed from the deceit of insanity.  Therefore those who in the future attempt any of these things which are written, having obtained a knowledge of them, if they be clerics we order them to be deposed, and if laymen to be cut off.

Notes.

Ancient Epitome of Canon LXII.

Let these be taken away from the lives of the faithful, viz.:  the Bota, and the Calends, and the Brumalia, and salutations in honour of the gods, and comic, satyric and tragic masks, and the invocation of Bacchus at the wine press, and the laughing at the wine jars.  Whoever shall persist in these after this canon shall be liable to give an account.

394On the Calends see Du Cange (Glossarium in loc.).  The Bota were feasts in honour of Pan, the Brumalia feasts in honour of Bacchus.  Many particulars with regard to these superstitions will be found in Balsamon’s scholion, to which the curious reader is referred.  Van Espen also has some valuable notes on the Kalends of January.


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