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597

THE CONFESSIONS OF ST. AUGUSTIN

INDEX OF SUBJECTS


Abraham's bosom, 131 and note, 192 (note)

Academics

Augustin has a leaning towards the philosophy of the, 86

they doubted everything, 86, 88

Academies, the three, 86 (note)

Actions of the patriarchs, 65

Adam

averted death by partaking of the tree of life, 73 (note)

the first and second, 162 (note)

Adeodatus, Augustin's son

helps his father in writing The Master, 134 and note

he is baptized by Ambrose, 134 (note)

Adversity

the blessing of the New Testament, prosperity of the Old, 76 (note)

uses of, 159 (note)

Aeneas, the wanderings of, 51

AEneid quotations from the, 51, 53

Affections

in darkened, lies distance from God, 53

inordinate, bring their own punishment, 51, 53, 55

Agentes in rebus,

their office, 123 and note

Evodius is one of the, 135

Agonistic garland, Augustin receives the, 69

Allegories

in Scripture, 92 (note)

Augustin was fond of, 189 (note)

Altar, Augustin begs that his mother may be remembered at the, 141

Alypius, bishop of Thagaste, 90 (note)

was born at that city, 94

had studied there and at Carthage, 94

his love of the circus, 94

was taken up as a thief at Carthage, 96

how his innocence was proved, 96

his integrity in judgment and at Milan, 97

his discussion with Augustin as to celibacy, 98

Augustin undertakes to write the life of, 99 (note)

retires with Augustin into the garden, 124

the conversion of, 128.

Ambrose, bishop of Milan,

effect of his preaching, 45

his ministry, 45 and note

Augustin makes his acquaintance, and is received by him in a fatherly way, 88

his eloquence, 88

distinction between his teaching and that of Faustus, and its influence, 88

Monica's love for, 89, 90

celibacy of, 91

in his study, 91

he expounded the Scriptures every Lord's day, 91

Simplicianus succeeds him as bishop, 116

the Song of, and Augustin, 134 (note)

is persecuted by Justina, the mother of Valentinian, 134 and note

miracles wrought in behalf of, 134

Amelius the Platonist, 107 (note)

Ampitheatre of Titus, Gibbon's description of the, 95 (note)

Anaximenes of Miletus, his notions about God, 144 and note

Angels

source of their blessedness, 112 (note)

God's eternity manifest in their unchangeableness, 179

Augustin asserts that they are changeable, 180

misery of, shows their former excellence, 192

Answer to prayer of Monica, 67, 84

Augustin's faith strengthened by, 133

Antony, an Egyptian monk

the founder of Monachism, 122

was born at Thebes, and visited Paul in the desert before his death, 122 (note)

Anubis, 119

Ἀποκατάστασις, the doctrine unnecessary, 79 (note)

Apollinaris, bishop of Laodicea, 113 (note)

Approbation,

Augustin's love of, 75

especially that of Hierius, 75

Arcesilas, teaching of, 86 (note)

Ἀρχη, "The Beginning," applied to Christ, 166 (note)

Architect,

God the great, 72 (note), 157

Alypius and the, 97

Argument, Augustin's power in, 67 and note

Arians, the Empress Justina seduced by the, 131

Aristotle's Ten Predicaments, 77

categories of, 77 and note

he and Zeno prepared the way for Neo-Platonism, 86 (note)

Arius, Victorinus wrote some books against, 117 (note)

Arts, liberal, Augustin understood the books relating to the, unaided, 77

Asceticism,

of Paul of Thebais, 122 (note)

Manichæan, as compared with Christian, 122 (note)

by embracing, we virtually deny the right use of God's gifts, 155 (note)

Astrologers,

Augustin's classification of, 69 (note)

belief of the Jews in, 69 (note)

divinations of the, 105

were called mathematicians, 106 (note)

Astrology, refutation of, 105, 106

Atoms, in nature no two touch, 127 (note)

Atonement, the, 162

Augustin,

describes his infancy, 47 etc

his boyhood, 49-54

how he learns to speak, 49

he prays to God that he may not be beaten, 49

his fondness for play, 49

educated from his mother's womb in the true faith, 50

he was signed with the cross, and seasoned with salt, 50 and note

his hatred of study and the Greek language, but delight in Latin and the empty fables of the poets, 51

the reason of this, 52

Homer distasteful to him because it was in Greek, 52

he entreats that whatever he learnt as a boy may be dedicated to God, 52

his declamation applauded above that of his fellows, 53

he was more afraid of making a mistake in grammar than of offending God, 53

he committed petty thefts and sought dishonest victories at play, 54

he deplores the wickedness of his youth, 55

especially that of his sixteenth year, 56

he used to go to Madaura to learn grammar and rhetoric

his father, though only a poor freeman of Thagaste, made a great sacrifice to send his son to Carthage, 56

he plumes himself upon being more licentious than his fellows

his mother unwisely opposes his marrying, 57

he robs a neighbouring pear-tree from a love of mischief, 57

he is caught in the snares of a licentious passion, 59860

his love of stage-plays, 60

he is affected by a foul spiritual disease, 61

his sacrilegious curiosity, 61

not even to church does he suppress his desires, 61

he becomes head in the school of rhetoric, 61

he begins to study eloquence, 61

his father dies in his seventeenth year, 61

in his nineteenth year he is led by the Hortensius of Cicero to philosophy, 61

he rejects the Sacred Scriptures as too simple, 62

he falls into the errors of the Manichæans, 62, 76

his longing after truth, 62, 63

Manichæan system peculiarly enthralling to an ardent mind like his, 63 (note)

his desire for knowledge caused him to join the Manichæans, 64 (note)

his victory over inexperienced persons, 67 and note

the nine years from his nineteenth year, 68-78

he teaches rhetoric, 68

he has a mistress, 68

he receives the Agonistic garland, 70

he is given to divination, 70

his friend's illness and death, 70

his grief, 70, 71

he leaves Thagaste and goes to Carthage, 72

he writes books on the "Fair and Fit," 73

he dedicates them to Hierius; he longs for his commendation, 74, 75

he turns his attention to the nature of the mind, 75

in what he conceived the chief good to consist, 75

he calls it a Monad, and the chief evil a Duad, 76

when scarce twenty, he understood Aristotle's Ten Predicaments, 77

his ready understanding of the liberal arts, 77, and sciences, 77

his wit a snare to him, 77

the twenty-ninth year of his age, 79-88

he begins to appreciate the knowledge of God above secular learning, 81

he points out the fallacy of the Manichæan belief as to the Paraclete, 81 (note)

he withdraws from the errors of the Manichæans, being remarkably aided by God, 83

he leaves Carthage to go to Rome, 84

he deceives his mother, 84

he is attacked by fever, 84

is restored 85

becomes one of the "elect" of the Manichæans, 86

his view of Arcesilas' philosophy, 86 (note)

his erroneous views as to Christianity, 86

he goes to Milan to teach rhetoric, and there makes the acquaintance of Ambrose, 88

he resolves to abandon the Manichæans and become a catechumen, 88

his thirtieth year, 88-101

his mother follows him over the sea, 89

he recognises the falsity of his old opinions, 92

he describes how Alypius, led into the circus by his fellow-students, becomes fascinated by the fights held there, 95, 96

he becomes inflamed with the love of wisdom, 98

he is troubled in mind, 98, 100

he is prevented from marrying by Alypius, 98

he undertakes to write the life of Alypius, 99 (note)

is urged by his mother to marry, and a maiden sought for him, 99

he sends his mistress back to Africa, but takes another, 100

in his thirty-first year he recalls the beginning of his youth, 102-115

his conception of God, 102 and note, 103, 104

his mind is severely exercised as to the origin of evil, 106

is stimulated to wisdom by the Hortensius of Cicero, 107 (note), 123

his conception of Christ, 112

he rejoices that he proceeded from Plato to the Scriptures, and not the reverse, 114

he found in the latter what was not in the former, 114

he consults Simplicianus as to the renewing of his mind, 116

he describes the thirty-second year of his age, 116, 128

he is still held by the love of women, 116

he burns to imitate Victorinus, 120

his review of his life, 123;

he retires with Alypius into the garden, 124

his trouble of spirit, 125

he refutes the Manichæan notion of two kinds of minds, 125, 126

was still enthralled by his old loves, 126

he retires into solitude to meditate, and hears a voice saying, "Take up and read," 127

his reason for giving up his professorship, 129, 130 (note)

his lungs become affected, 130

he retires to the villa of his friend Verecundus, 130

he finally gives up the professorship, 131

he found in retirement preparation for future work, 131 (note)

effect of the Psalms on him, especially the fourth, 131, 132

his anger against the Manichæans, 132

in his thirty fourth year he writes his book The Master, a dialogue between him and his son, 133;

he suffers from toothache, but loses it in answer to prayer, 133

he attributes all that he was to his mother's tears, 135 (note)

his last conversation with his mother, 137

his grief at her death, 139-140

he is troubled that he was so long without God, 152

effect of church music on him, 156

object and use of his Confessions 143, 163

he entreats of God that he may be led to the truth through the Scriptures, 163, 164

he designates Eraclius as his successor, 163;

he prays to be taught by God, 170

his old notions as to matter, 177

his longings for the heavenly Jerusalem, 182

was addicted to the allegorical explanation of Scripture, 190

Authority,

and morals, 65

of the holy writings, 93 and note


Bacon, the sentiments of, concerning friendship, 72 (note)

Baptism

Augustin being seized with illness, prays for, 50

on his recovery it was postponed, 50

in Augustin's days often deferred till death approached, 50 (note)

wrongly deferred, 50 (note)

guilt after, greater than before, 50 and note

those who attended stage-plays were excluded from, by the Fathers, 60 (note)

that of Nebridius took place when he was ill and unconscious, 70

candidates for, seasoned with salt, 89 (note)

martyrdom described as a second 90 (note)

the washing of, called illumination, 118 (note), 194

renunciation of Satan before, 118 (note)

customs of the Eastern Churches at, 119 (note)

being the sacrament of initiation, is not so profitable without the Lord's Supper, 199 (note)

gives life, Lord's Supper maintains it, 199

the entrance into the Church 199 (note)

[Hebrew] and [Hebrew] distinguished, 115 (note)

Basilica, the Portian, 134 and note

Bath, soothing powers of the, 139

Bauto, the consul at Milan, 94 (note)

Beasts of the field,

symbolical of those given to carnal pleasures, 80 (note), 81

clean and unclean, explanation of the division of, 91 (note)

Beautiful, love of the, 74

Beauty of God, 46, 63

Beggar, the joyous, 94

Beginning,

Christ the, of all things; the Word the, 166

the words, "In the beginning," interpreted differently, 183, 187

Bible

literary, merit of the, 62 (note), 81 (note)

the Psalms "a Bible in little," 131 (note)

Birds of the air symbolical of pride, 80 (note)

Blessedness, true, to be attained only by adhering to God, 190 (note)

Blind man, the, cured, 134

his vow, 134 (note)

Blindness, Augustin compares sin to, 192 (note)

Body, soul, and spirit, 111 (note)

as distinct from soul, 111, 112

the mind commands the 125

Books, the Manichæan, 83

Boyhood, Augustin's fondness for play in, 50

he thanks God for his, 54

Caesar, Christ paid tribute to, 80

Calling upon God, 45

Carthage, Augustin sent by his father to pursue his studies at, 56, 60

he leaves that city on account of the violent habits of the students there, 84

Cassiacum, Verecundus' villa at, 130

Catechumens, seasoned with salt, 50 and note, 89 (note)

or "Hearers" of the Manichæans, their privileges, 66 (note)

Augustin resolves to become one in the Catholic Church, 88

customs of, at baptism, 119 (note)

before baptism, 197 (note)

when ready 599for, they were termed Competentes, 197(note)

Categories of Aristotle maybe classed under two heads, 77and note

Catiline loved not his villanies, but had a motive for committing them, 58

Cavils, Manichæan 167, 174

Celibacy, discussion of Augustin and Alypius concerning, 98, 99

Chief evil, nature of the, 76

Chief good,

Augustin's conception of the, 75

Varro gives 288different opinions as regards the, 75(note)

God the, 194, 151(note)

Childhood,

the sins of, found in manhood; an emblem of humility, 54

Christ, the fulness of the Godhead is in, 62

perfect human sympathy of, 71 (note)

humiliation of, for us, 74and note

our very life, 74

paid tribute to Caesar, 80

humanity of, 85 (note), 108

Manichæan belief as to the human birth of, 87(note)

fulness of, 108

the Mediator, 112, 114 (note)

a perfect man, 113

the two natures of, 113 (note), 161 and note, 162

as God, the country to which we go, as man, the way by which we go, 114

healing in Him alone, 114

the Victor and Victim, Priest and Sacrifice, 162

the Beginning, 166

Christian, certainty of the faith of the, as compared with the uncertainty of the teaching of the philosophers, 86(note)

the almost and altogether, 121(note)

Christianity gives the golden key to happiness, 75(note)

Augustin's erroneous views as to, 86(note)

Church, the,

history of, creation type of the, 194

music of, its effect on Augustin, 156

Circensian games, Alypius' love of the, 94

how cured of it, 95

he becomes Augustin's pupil, and is involved in the same superstition as his friend, 95

Augustin becomes carried away by the love of the, 95

they were put a stop to by the sacrifice of Telemachus the monk, 96 (note)

Cicero's writings as compared with the Word of God, 81(note)

his opinion concerning Arcesilas' teaching, 86(note)

Augustin studies his Hortensius, 61, and is stimulated to wisdom thereby, 107(note), 123, 124

Circus, games of the, 95and note, 158(note)

Classics, highly esteemed in Augustin's day, 51

objections to the study of the, 53

Commandments, modes of dividing the Ten, 65and note

Community, Augustin and his friends propose to establish a, 99, 100

Companions, influence of bad, 59

Competentes, name given to catechumens when ready for baptism, 197

Conception of Christ, Augustin's, 112

of God, 102 and note, 103, 104

Confession to God, Augustin urges the duty of, 79

is piety, 81

useof Augustin's, 143

object of his, 163

Confirmation sometimes called a sacrament by the Fathers, 118(note)

Constantine was not baptized till the end of his life, 50(note)

his controversy with Sylvester, 69(note)

Constantius enacted laws against Paganism, 120

Contemplation, the Christian ascends the mount of, by faith, 181(note)

the reward of practical duties, 197

of things eternal, 197 (note)

Continency, false and seducing, of the Manichæans 95and note

beauty of, 126

imposed on us, 153,

Continentia and Sustinentia, difference between, 153(note)

Conversion, Monica's dream of her son's, 66

of Victorinus, 119

of Paul, 120 and note, 138(note)

of Alypius, 128

Converts, how received in Justin Martyr's time, 118 (note)

Corporeal brightness, Augustin thought of God as a, 71(note), 77

of the Manichæans 109 (note)

forms, Augustin's mind ranges through, 75, 76, but later on he repudiates the notion of a, 92

Corruption, the five regions of, 103

Courtiers, history of the two, 122-123

Creasti, explanation of, 115

Creation praises God, 79, 110

harmony of the, 110-111

testifies to a Creator, 165

time began from the not it from time, 188 (note)

doctrine of the Trinity emblemized in the, 191

history of the, a type of the Church,

Creator, true joy to be found only in the, 58

putting the creature above the, 81

God the, 165

Credulity of the Manichæans, 93(note)

Cross of Christ symbolized, 52(note)

Curds, the mountain of, 130and note

Curiosity, a help to learning, 52

affects a desire for knowledge, 58

Augustin's sacrilegious, 61

fishes of the sea symbolical of, 80(note)

evil of, to Augustin, 95

a snare to Alypius, 99

temptation of, stimulated by the lust of the eyes, 157, 158

for experiment's sake, 158

manifold temptations of, 158

Curtain of Ps. civ. 2, rendered "skin," 195(note)

Custom, force of, 52

true inner righteousness doth not judge according to, 64

versus law, 84

conforming to, 90 (note)

the weight of carnal, 111

power of, 121

Customs, human, to be obeyed, 65

Cyprian, oratory in memory of, 84


Danae, 52

Daniel praying in captivity, 181(note)

Darkness and light, 103 (note)

Dead, prayers for the, 90 (note), 139, 141 (note)

festivals in honour of the, 90

origin of the custom, 90 (note)

Death, origin of the law of, 73 (note)

Augustin says Adam was able to avert it by partaking of the tree of life, 73 (note)

Death-bed baptism of Nebridius, 70

Declamation, Augustin's, applauded above that of his fellow-students, 53

"Deep, the great," Augustin's interpretation of the, 191 (note), 194 (note)

Dido, 51

Distentio, distraction, 174 and notes

 Divination, the soothsayers used sacrifices in their, 68

the mathematicians did not do so, 69

Augustin's obstinate belief in, but his friend Nebridius scoffs at it, 70

afterwards influenced by Augustin, he too believes in it, 70

of the astrologers, 105, 106

Divinity of Christ, 113 (note)

Docetae, belief of the, 113 (note)

Donatism, how developed in Augustin's time, 90 (note)

spiritual pride of the Donatists, 162 (note)

Drachma, the woman and the, 119, 149

Dream

of Monica concerning her son's conversion, 66

temptation in, 154

Augustin's view of, 154 (note)

Thorwaldsen's, result of, 154 (note)

Drunkenness forbidden by God, 154, 155

Duad, Monad and, 76 and note

how this dualistic belief affected the Manichæan notion of Christ, 87 (note)

Dust, the mathematicians drew their figures in, 77 (note)


Ear, the delights of the, 156

Earth, beauty of the, 144 (note)

East, turning to the, at baptism, 119, (note)

Education, Augustin disapproves of the mode of, in his day, 52

Egyptians,

Faustus' objection to the spoiling of the, 66 (note)

gold of the, belongs to God, 109 and note

"Elect" of the Manichæans, 66 and note, 68, 83 (note)

Augustin becomes one of the, 86

divine substance in the, 103, 104, 155 (note)

Eloquence, wit and,

baits to draw man to the Word, 45 (note)

Augustin begins to study, 61

Greek and Latin, Hierius' knowledge of, 75

of Faustus, 82, 83

of Ambrose, 88

Ἐνδιάθετος, "in the bosom of the Father," 108 (note), 166 (note)

Enemies of God, who are the, 79 (note)

Epicureanism, 100

popularity of, 100 (note)

Eraclius, Augustin designates, as his successor, 163 (note)

600

Esau, Jacob and, illustrations concerning, 106

his longing after the Egyptian food, 108 and note

Eternal, on comprehending the, 167, 175 (note)

Eternity, of God, 48, 109 and note;

relation of, to the mutable creature, 179

time has no relation to, 167

God's to-day is, 168;

reason leads us to the necessity of a belief in, 173 (note)

has no succession, 175 (note)

Eucharist, oblations for the, 85 (note)

regeneration necessary before the reception of the 118 (note), 138 (note)

called by the ancients "the sacrament of perfection;" maintains life which baptism gives, 200

Augustin's interpretation of the, 200 (note)

Eunuchus, Terence's, 53 and note

Eversores, or subverters, 61 and note

Evil

whence is? - see Manichæans

Augustin's notions concerning, 64 (note)

the chief Augustin calls a Duad, 76

Manichæan doctrine of, 83 (note), 86, 87

the cause of, 103, 104

origin of, 104-106

not a substance, 110, 111

Augustin's notion of, 110 (note)

Evil habits bind like iron, 120 and note, 121

conviction powerless against, 121

Evodius

became associated with Augustin, 135

he leads the singing at Monica's funeral, 139

Augustin's endeavours to unravel his difficulties as to the spirits in prison, 164 (note)

Excess, by grace we avoid, 155

Eyes, the lust of the, 157, 158


Fables, Manichæan, 83 and note

old wives', 85

the use of, common with mediaeval writers, 164 (note)

"Fair and Fit, Augustin's book as to the, 74, 76

Faith, preaching leads to, 45

the Manichæans exalted reason at the expense of, 63 (note)

the rule of, 67, 128

reason and, 93 and note

and sight, 201 (note)

Fame, the emptiness of popular, 68

Fasting enjoined by Justin Martyr as a preparation for baptism, 118 (note), 154 (note)

Faustus, a bishop of the Manichæans,

goes to Carthage, 80

eloquence of, 82, 83

his knowledge superficial, 82, 83

distinction between his teaching and that of Ambrose, 88

Fear, "pure," 69 (note)

joy in proportion to past 119, 120

Fever, Nebridius falls sick of a, and dies, 70

Augustin is attacked by, 4

Fichte's strange idea as to St. John's teaching concerning the word, 185 (note)

Fictions, Augustin's love of, 52, 53

evils of, 52, 53

results of, to Augustin, 61

Manichæan 63

Augustin's reply to Faustus as to Manichæan 93 (note)

Fideles, the, 89

Fig-tree, Manichæan delusions concerning, 66

Firmament, allegorical explanation of the, 195, 196, 199 (note)

Firminius,

a friend of Augustin's, 105

studies the constellations, and relates a story to disprove astrology, 105, 106;

Fish of the sea, symbolical interpretation of the, 80 (note), 200 (note)

Flesh,

the Word made, 107 and note, 108, 112-113, 162

as distinct from body, 164 (note)

Forgetfulness the privation of memory, 148, 149

Fortunatus, Augustin's controversy with, 103

Free-will, 76 and note

the cause of evil, 103, 104

absence of, the punishment of former sin, 125

the Pelagians held that through the power of, they could attain perfection, 140 (note)

Friendship,

of the world enmity to God, 51

false, 59, 70

between Augustin and Nebridius, 70

of Pylades and Orestes, 71

Lord Bacon's sentiments as to, 72 (note)

Fruit, distinction between the "gift" and the, 203, 200

of the earth allegorized, 203

Funerals,

Roman customs at, 139 (note)

rites at Monica's, 139 and note


Gassendi vitalized Epicureanism, 100 (note)

Genesis,

what Moses meant in the book of, 186

repetition of the allegorical interpretation of, 206

Gibbon, his description of the amphitheatre of Titus, 95 (note)

his charge of Platonism against Christianity, 107 (note)

Gifts,

diversities of, given by the Spirit, 197

distinction between the "gift" and the "fruit," 203-204

Gnostic opinion as to the origin of the world, 205

God,

worthy of praise, 45, 79

man desires to praise Him, His power and wisdom, 45

true rest in Him only, 45, 59, 74, 161

knowledge of, 45

Augustin longs for that knowledge, 158 (note)

omnipresence of, 79

attributes of, 45-46, 58

naught can contain, 46

He filleth all things, 46

by filling them He created them, 72

majesty of, 46 and note

unchangeableness of, 46, 63, 73, 79 (note), 116

beauty of, 46, 63

always working, yet always at rest, 46, 207

imperfect man cannot comprehend the perfect, 46 (note)

providence of, 47

eternal, 48, 109 and note

is Truth, 62, 72, 81, 109 and note, 151, 152, 187 and note

sought wrongly not to be found, 63

His care of us, 67

held by the Manichæans to be an unmeasured light, 68 (note)

the true light, 76 (note), 109 and note, 157

the source of light, 112 (note)

the fountain of light, 161

the architect and artificer of His Church, 72 (note)

wounds only to heal, 72 (note)

should be our highest love, 72

all good is from, 74

unity of, 77

our supreme good, 78, 151 (note)

to be preferred to learning, 87

Augustin's conception of, 102 and note, 103, 104

incomprehensible, 102

incorruptibility of, 103 and note, 104

never suffers evil, 104

the Chief Good, 105

subjection to, our only safety, 107

the Word, 108

"I am that I am," 109, 110 (note)

hope and joy in Him alone, 142,153

searchings after, 144-145

the Creator, 165

the Immutable Light of wisdom, 190 (note)

the mercy of, in conveying His truth by symbols, 199

Gods, why the poets attributed wickedness to the, 52

Homer transfers things human to the, 52

Gold of Egypt, 109 and note

Good,

the Manichæans taught that good and evil were primeval, and had independent existence, 64 (note)

all, is from God, 74

Augustin's conception of the chief, 75, 105

God our Supreme, 78, 151, 190 (note)

and evil illustrated, 110 (note)

God saw that everything in creation was, 204, 205

Grace, the fulfilment of love, 183 (note)

Grammar, the Christians forbidden by Julian to teach, 120

Grammar schools entrances of, covered with veils, 51 and note

Great,

joy in the conversion of the, 120 and note

influence of the, 120 (note)

Greek,

Augustin's dislike to, 51

the reason of his dislike, 51, 52

his knowledge of, 107 (note)

eloquence, Hierius' knowledge of, 74, 75

Greeks, led to Christ by philosophy, 107 (note)

Grief, Augustin's,

at the death of his friend, 70-71

at his mother's death, 139, 140

effect of time on, 72

silence a good consoler in, 127 (note)

at the death of friends natural, 139 (note)


Habits, evil, bind like iron, 120 and note

conviction powerless against, 121

Happiness,

Christianity gives the golden key to, 75 (note)

knowledge of God the highest, 81

the Word of God a fount of, 81 (note)

whence comes true, 124

consummation of, in heaven only, 131 (note)

not joy merely, but joy in God, 152

Happy life,

longings after the, 160-161

to be found in God only, 151

Harts of the forests, 164 and note

601

"Hearers" or catechumens,

privileges of the, 66 (note)

why Augustin never went beyond the rank of a, 68 (note)

did not practise abstinence, 155 (note)

Heart, the law written on the, 74 (note)

humility exalts the, 74 (note)

lifting up of the, 192 (note)

of man, Augustin interprets the "deep" to mean, 194 (note)

Heaven,

rest in, 45 (note), 207

the double, 176

the third, 176

the felicity of, 45 (note)

fulness of reward in, 76 (note)

consummation of happiness only in, 131 (note)

a prepared place for prepared people, 192 (note)

and earth shall pass away, but not the Word, 196

the peace of, 207

Heaven and earth, different interpretations of, 182, 183

Heavenly bodies, motions of the, not time, 171, 172

Hebrew, Augustin had no knowledge of, 164, 165 and note

Hedonism and Epicureanism, 100 (note)

Hedonists, their "good" is their own pleasure, 75 (note)

Helpidius, disputes with the Manichæans, 87

Heresies confirm the truth, 113

Hierius,

a native of Syria, an orator of Rome, 74

Augustin dedicates his books on the " Fair and Fit " to, 74

Hippocrates, Vindicianus early understood, 70

Holy City, light, life, and joy of the, is in God, 191 (note)

Holy Spirit,

why spoken of in Genesis as "borne over," 191, 192

brings us to God, 192

Homer,

distasteful to Augustin because it was Greek, 51

fictions of, 52

Honoratus, a friend of Augustin, at one time a Manichæan 88 (note)

Hope,

we are saved and made happy by, 76 (note)

all, is in the mercy of God, 153

Hope and joy in God alone, 142

Horace, quotation from, 71

Horoscope-casters, Vindicianus begs Augustin to throw away the books of the, 69

Hortensius, Cicero's, 52

Augustin's study of, 61

he is stimulated to wisdom thereby, 107 (note), 123, 124

Hour-glasses of Augustin's time, 163

Human life a distraction, 174

Humanity of Christ, 71 (note), 85 (note), 113 (note)

Augustin thinks it profane to believe in the, 87

Manichæans' belief as to the, 87 (note)

Humiliation of Christ for us, 74

to draw us to Himself, 74 (note)

Humility,

childhood the emblem of, 54

exalts the heart, 74 (note)

the holy, of Scripture, 93

Hyle, or matter, the evil principle of the Manichæans 76 (note)


Ἰχθὺς emblem of the, 200 (note)

Ignorance, danger of, 47 (note)

Illumination, the washing of baptism, 118 (note), 194 (note), 198 (note)

Image of God, man created in the, 91 (note)

Importunity, Monica's, to the bishop, 67

Incarnation of Christ,

Manichæans, notion of the, 87 (note)

a mystery to Porphyry, 161 (note)

Infancy,

sin in, 47 (note)

waywardness in, 47, 48

prone to sin, 48, 49

its innocence is not in its will, but in its weakness, 48

Injury man does himself by sin, 79 (notes)

Intuitionists, their "good" lies in following the dictates of conscience, 75 (note)


Jacob and Esau, illustration concerning, 166

Jerome, his knowledge of Hebrew, 165 (note)

Jerusalem,

Augustin longs for the heavenly, 182 and note

the mother of us all, 192 (note)

Jews, the,

their influence on Neo-Platonism, 118 (note)

Julian the Apostate favoured the, and encouraged them to rebuild the temple, 120 (note)

Jove, 52

Joy,

true, to be found in the Creator only, 58

true and false, 94

source of true, 94, 151,

in proportion to past fear, 119

in the conversion of the great, 120 (note)

and hope, in God alone, 142

Julian, the Emperor,

forbade the Christians to teach grammar and oratory, 120

he favoured Paganism, the Donatists, and the Jews, 120

Justice and mercy, illustration of God's, 133 (note)

Justin Martyr, 107 (note)

how converts were received in his time, 118 (note)

Justina, persecution of Ambrose by, 134 and note


קָנָא and בָּרָא distinguished, 115 (note)

Knowledge of God, 45

the highest happiness, 81

Augustin's great aim was to attain, 158 (note)

wonderful, 174, 175

Knowledge, human,

more sought than divine, 53, 54

curiosity affects a desire for, 58

Augustin's desire for, made him join the Manichæans, 64 (note)

has to do with action, 197 (note)

not to be an end, 158

received by sight, 201

difference between that and divine, 207


Latin, Augustin's love of, 51, 52

Law of God,

the same in itself, but different in application, 64

of development in Scripture, 64

of death, 73 (note)

written on the heart (lex occults), 74 (note)

and custom, 84

Levitical, concerning the division of beasts into clean and unclean, 91 (note)

natural and moral, 196 (note)

Laws, human, to be obeyed, 65

God to be obeyed in, or contrary to laws, 65, 66 and note

Learning,

rudiments of, distasteful to Augustin, 51

curiosity a help to, 52

vanity of, 53

knowledge of God to be appreciated above secular, 81

to be preferred to money, and God to it, 87

Lentile, the Egyptian food, 108 (note)

Liberal arts and sciences, 68, 77, 80

Faustus had no knowledge of the, 82

Augustin sees that a knowledge of, does not lead to God, 158 (note)

Licentius' notion concerning truth, 123 (note)

Life,

seeking for the blessed, 74

Christ our very, 74

longing after the blessed, 150-152

the misery of human, 153

Light, the Manichæans held God to be an unmeasured, 68 (note)

God the true, 76 and note, 157

and darkness, 103 (note)

God the unchangeable, 109 and note, 112

God the source of, 112 (note)

that seen by Tobias, 157

that seen by Isaac and by Jacob, 157

the fountain of, 161

what Augustin understood by the Word in Genesis i. 3, 191

Likeness to God, our, 91 (note)

Little things, the power of, 135 (note), 136

Λόγος, the, 107 (note), 113, 166

Lord's Supper. See Eucharist

Love,

pure, 69 (note)

God should be our highest, 72

love not to be condemned, but love in God is to be preferred, 73

of the beautiful, 74

of the world, 79

what it is to love God, 144

of praise, 159, 160 (note)

grace the fulfilment of, 182 (note)

supremacy of the law of, 188 (note)

Loving God purely, 69 and note

Lust of the flesh, the,

continency from, 153

analogy between, and one of our Lord's temptations, 153 (note)

eating and drinking a, 154, 155

of the eyes, curiosity stimulated by the, 157, 158

difference between it and love, 153 (note)

Luther's Bible in Little, 131 (note)


Madaura, formerly an episcopal city, now a village--Augustin learnt grammar and rhetoric there, 56

Man,

moved by God to delight in praising Him, 45

his existence from God, 45, 46

imperfect, cannot comprehend the perfect, 46 (note)

made in God's image, 64, 91 (note)

a great deep, 75

injures himself, not God, by sin, 79 (notes)

Christ as, 108

a triad, 111

the trichotomy of, 111 (note), 113 (note)

the Mediator between God and, 112

Christ a perfect, 113, 114 (note)

knoweth 602 not himself, 144

God does not need, although He created him, 190, 191 and note

faint signs of the Trinity in, 193 and note

how Augustin interprets the dominion of, over the beasts, 200

is renewed in the knowledge of God after His image, 201

knoweth nothing but by the Spirit of God, 205

on the creation of, 205

difference between his knowledge and God's, 207

Manichæans, their materialistic views of God, 46 (note), 68 (note), 76, 86

Augustin falls into the errors of the, 62

the Scriptures obscured to their mocking spirit, 62 (note), 67 (note), 88 (note)

Augustin later on accused them of professing to believe in the New Testament to entrap the unwary, 62 (note), 83 (note)

their system peculiarly enthralling to an ardent mind like Augustin's, 63 (note)

kindred in many ways to modern Rationalism, 63 (note)

Augustin attacks their notions concerning evil, 63

cavillings of the, 64, 87, 93, 167, 174

their doctrine concerning good and evil, 64 (note), 76 (note), 83 (note)

their delusions concerning the fig-tree, 66

their reason for refusing to give bread to any but their own sect, 66 and note, 68

they held that God was an unmeasured light, 68 (note)

their notion concerning the soul, 76 (note)

when opposed, they pretended the Scriptures had been corrupted, 81 (note), 87 and note

their belief as to the humanity of Christ, 87 (note)

their false and seducing continency, 95 and note

Romanianus falls into the errors of, 100 (note)

delusions of the, 103 (note)

Augustin's anger against the, 132

Augustin refutes they opinions as to the origin of the world, 205

Manichæanism,

cannot satisfy, 63

a strange mixture of the pensive philosophy of Persia with Gnosticism and Christianity, 64 (note)

Manichæus

asserted that the Holy Ghost was personally resident in him, 81

asceticism of his followers, 122 (note)

Manna, meaning of, 48 and note

Marriage, Augustin desires, but his parents oppose it, 57

Mars, 117

Martyrdom, reason for exalting, 90 (note)

described as a second baptism, 90 (note)

Martyrs,

honour done to the, 90 and notes

two of the, buried in the Ambrosian Basilica, 134 and note

Materialists, the, seek the common "good" of all, 75 (note)

Mathematicians

used no sacrifices in their divinations 69

they drew their figures in dust or sand, 77 (note), 106 (note)

Matter, or Hyle, the evil principle according to Faustus, 76 (note)

the Platonic theory concerning, 76 (note)

God did not create the world from but by His word, 165

the world not created out of, but by God's word, 165

Augustin's old notion as to, 177

not created out of God's substance, 177

Augustin discusses whether it was from eternity or was made by God, 184

Medea, 63

Mediator,

Christ the, 112, 114 (note)

God and man, 162 and note

or medius, 162

Memory,

nature and power of, 145, 149

privation of, is forgetfulness, 149

God cannot be attained unto by the power of, 149

possessed, by beasts and birds, 149

manifoldness of, 149, 150, 161

God dwells in the, 152

Mercy,

and misery, 47 (note), 60

of God, all hope is in the, 153

Milan,

Augustin is sent to teach rhetoric at, 87, 88

he recites his panegyric to the Emperor at, 94 (note)

Church hymns and psalms first introduced at, 134

Mind,

Augustin turns his attention to the nature of the, 75

commands the body, 125

Augustin refutes the Manichæan notion of two kinds of, 125

four perturbations of the, 148

time the impression of things on the future and past things in relation to the, 173

Minerva, 117

Ministers, how they should work, 200

Miracles,

the cessation of, and its probable result, 69 (note), 106 (note)

wrought in behalf of Ambrose, 134 and note

necessary to some ignorant men, 200

cessation of, 204 (note)

Misery of the angels and their former excellence, 192

Moderation in eating and drinking, 154

Monachism, Antony the founder of, 122 and note

Monad and Duad, 76 and notes

Money, learning to be preferred to, 87

Monica,

the mother of Augustin, her obedience to her husband, 50

her dream concerning her son's conversion, 66

the wooden rule therein symbolical of the rule of faith, 66

her anxiety about her son, 67

she goes to consult a certain bishop, 67

how her prayers for her son were answered, 67, 84

her son deceives her, 84

her sorrow at his deception, 84

she never failed to make oblations at God's altar twice a day, 85

object of her prayers, 85

her visions, 67, 85, 89

she follows her son over sea and land, and encourages the sailors in danger, 89

her confidence that she could not die without seeing her son a Catholic Christian, 89

her love for and her obedience to Ambrose, 89, 90

she gives up making offerings at the oratories, 90

she urges her son to marry, and chooses a wife for him, 99

early training and life of, 135, 136

her youthful love of wine, 135

how cured of it, 136

her conduct as a wife, 136

her peace-making and endurance, 137

she gains her husband to God, 137

her death draws near, 137

her last conversation with her son, 137, 138

her death at Ostia, 138

Monophysites, still turn to the west in renouncing Satan, 118 (note)

Montanus, the pretensions of, similar to that of the Manichæans, 82 (note)

Moon, sun and, Manichean belief as to the, 63

its falsity, 82, 83 and note

influence of the, 103 (note)

the natural man and the, 198

Morality of the Manichæans, 95

Morals, authority and, 65

Mortality, skins the emblem of, 112 and note, 195

Mortification, pain better than, 100 and note

Moses 109 (note)

on Mount Nebo, 181 (note)

what he meant in book of Genesis, 186

he is supposed to have perceived all the truth in its words, 188

Mountain of milk and curds, 130 and note

Mountains of God, Augustin's interpretation of the, 191

Music, church, effect of, on Augustin, 156

Mysteries, of Scripture, God's reason for the, 48 (note)

the mystery and simplicity of Scripture, 62, 93

the unfolding of God's, in the future life only, 124 (note)

of Scripture, 164 (note)

symbolized, 164 (note)

well-regulated minds do not seek to pry into the, 193

when revelation is clear and devoid of, 196 (note)

of God can be revealed by Him alone, 207

Mystery or "sacrament," 118 (note)


Natures, the two, 125, 126

Nebridius, a goodly youth Augustin's friend, 70, 105, 130

he left Carthage for Milan to be near Augustin, 97

tried to dissuade Augustin from belief in the astrologers, 70, 105

his argument against Manichæanism, 103

consented to teach under Verecundus, 122

his humility, 122

dies in Africa after the conversion of his household, 131

letter of Augustin to, 131

Neo-Platonism, Aristotle and Zeno prepared the way for, 86 (note)

Amelius developed and formulated, 107 (note)

doctrine of, as to the "Word," 107 (note)

as to the soul's capacity, 198 (note)

Augustin speaks with admiration of, 117 (note)

Neptune, t 17

603

New Song, the, of Praise 45 (note)

New Testament, the Manichæans professed to believe in the, to entrap the unwary, 62 (note)

adversity the blessing of the, 76 (note)

the Manichæans asserted that the writings of, had been corrupted, 87 and note


Obedience, to teachers enjoined, 49

to princes, 65

to God, in or against human laws, necessary, 65, 66

Oblations, what they are, 85 (note)

Monica made them twice a day, 85

offered at Queen Victoria's coronation, 85 (note)

at the tombs of the martyrs, 90 (note)

Odours, the attraction of, 156

Oil of sinners, 160 and note

Old Testament, its histories, typical and allegorical, 65 (note)

prosperity the blessing of the, 76 (note)

Omnipresence of God, 45

Onesiphorus, hospitality of, 203

Oratories,

in memory of Cyprian, 84

in memory of the saints and martyrs, 90 and note

offerings at the, forbidden by Ambrose and afterwards by Augustin, 90

Monica discontinues hers, 90 and note

Oratory,

undue appreciation of, 53

the Christians forbidden by Julian to teach, 120

Orestes and Pylades, 71

Origen's knowledge of Hebrew, 165 (note)

Origin

of the law of death, 73 (note)

of evil, 104, 106

of the human soul, Augustin on the, 183 (note)

of the world, the Manichæan notion concerning the, 205

Ostia, Augustin and his mother stay at, 137

she dies at, and is buried there, 138

Ovid, quotations from, 71 (note)


Pachomius, the good done by the monks of, 122 (note)

Paganism, Constantius enacted laws against, but Julian the Apostate reinstated it in its former splendour, 120 (note)

Pain, spiritual and physical, better than mortification, 100 and note

Paraclete, the, of the Manichæans 62

Manichæus asserted that He was personally resident in him, 81 and note

the Spirit of Truth, 132

Paradise, allegorized by some, 92 (note)

Parents, make light of the childish troubles of their offspring, 5

ambition for their children's progress often injudicious, 50

our first, doctrine of the early Church concerning their immortality had they not sinned, 73 (note)

Past and future, in the, there is time, 169

they exist only in the soul, 170

Patriarchs, actions of the, prophetic, 65 and note

Patricius, the father of Augustin,

a poor freeman of Thagaste, he was only a catechumen when his son was to his sixteenth year, 56

he dies when Augustin is sixteen, 61

was at first unkind to his wife, but was melted by her enduring meekness, etc., 136

is gained over to God by her, 137

Paul, St., Augustin studies the writings of, 114

conversion of, 120 and note

his rejoicing at the good works of the Philippians, 203

Paul of Thebais, asceticism of, 122 (note)

Peace of heaven, the only true, 207 (note)

Pearl of great price, Augustin compares Christ to the, 117 (note)

Πειρατηριον a "warfare," 153 (note)

Pelagians, they laid claim to the attainment of perfection through power of freewill, 140 (note)

Pelagius and the bishop, dispute between, 155

Pelican, the fable of the, 164 (note)

Pen of the Spirit, 114

Phantasies, unreality of, 63

poetical fictions less dangerous than, 63

Phantasm, Augustin thinks of God as a, 71, 72

and of Christ also, 85 (note), 86, 87

Augustin ceases to look upon God as a, 111

Philo, the Therapeutae of, 122 (note)

Philosophy, made the beginning of Augustin's conversion, 61

in Greek, the love of wisdom is called 62

effect of, on the writings of the Fathers, 61 (note)

the various schools of, 75 (note)

revelation alone can reconcile the different systems of, 75 (note)

the academic and other schools of, 86 (note)

unsatisfying, 100 (note)

led the Greeks to Christ, 107 (note)

Augustin's opinion of the various schools of, 107 (note)

Plato's, the nearest to Christ, 117

Photimus heresy of, 113,

Pyrrhonists, doctrine of the, 86 (note)

Piety, confession to God is, 81

Plato, works of, compared with the Word of God, 81 (note)

dogmatic and sceptical sides of his philosophy, 86 (note)

doctrine of, in connection with Christianity, 107 (note), 114

parallels between his doctrine and that of God, 109

much in Platonism in common with asceticism, 122 (note)

Platonic theory of matter, 76 (note)

Platonists, Augustin studies the books of the, probably those of Amelius, 107 and note

Pleasures, carnal, the beasts of the field symbolical of, 80 (note), 81

Plotinus, theories of, 107 and note, 112

Πνεῦμα the, 111 (note), 113 (note)

Poetry, classical, evils of, 51-53

Pompey, the ruse of, 135 (note)

Pontitianus, a countryman of Augustin's, 122

his delight at finding

Augustin reading St. Paul's writings, 122

he relates to him the history of Antony, 122

Porphyry's pride in regard to the Incarnation of Christ, 161

Poverty, in what that which displeases God consists, 123 (note)

Praise, God worthy of, 45

Augustin begins his book with, 45 (note)

man desires to praise God, 45, 79

God's, is inexhaustible, 45, 46 and note

silence the highest, to God, 46 (note)

love of worldly, 159, 160 and note

sometimes not to be avoided, 160

Prayers, the manner of Easterns when at, 66 (note), 84

God's answer to Monica's, 67

how He answered them, 84

Augustin's faith strengthened by answer to, 133

for the dead, 139, 141

Preaching, leads to faith, 45

effect of Ambrose's, 45

Pretium regium, meaning of, 97 (note)

Pride, debases the heart, 74 (note)

Augustin errs through, 75-77

birds of the air symbolical of, 80 (note)

temptation of, 158

Priority of origin illustrated, 187

Prodigal son, the, allusions to, 53, 63, 77

Progress, the law of, in Scripture, 64

Προφορικός i.e. "made flesh," 107 (note), 166 (note)

Prosperity the blessing of the Old Testament, adversity of the New, 76 (note)

Providence of God 47

Psalms and hymns first sung in church at Milan, 134

sung at death-beds and burials, 139 (note)

Psaltery of ten strings, 65 and note

Ψυχή the, 111 (note), 113 (note)

Ψυχικὸς "soulish" or "natural," 112 (note)

Punishment of sin, 72, 79 (note)

the absence of free-will a, 125

Purgatory, prayers for the dead imply a belief in, 141 (note)

Pylades and Orestes, 71


רָקִיעַ "the firmament," 199

Rationalem, term applied to holy things, 203 (note)

Rationalism, modern, Manichean system kindred to, 63 (note)

Reason,

the Manichæans exalted it at the expense of faith, 63 (note)

and faith, 93 and note

leads us to a belief in the necessity of eternity, 173 (note)

Reddere, used of the creed 118 (note)

Regeneration, 45 and notes

necessary before receiving the Eucharist, 118 (note)

Rest, true, in God alone, 45, 58, 59, 74, 94 (note)

in heaven, ours here an earnest of the future, 45 (note)

God ever worketh and yet is always at rest, 207

Retirement, Augustin finds in, preparation for future work, 131 (note)

Revelation, law of the development of, 64 (note)

can alone reconcile the difficulties of the various 604 systems of philosophy, 75 (note)

is like a broad and deep river, 178 (note)

devoid of mystery, 196 (note)

Rhetoric, Augustin becomes head in the school of, 61

he teaches it at Thagaste, 68,

then at Carthage, 72,

then at Rome, 83

Romanianus, a relative of Alypius,

rich and talented, and good to Augustin, 100 and note

is influenced by Augustin to embrace the Manichæan, heresy, 100, (note)

Augustin's explanation of his conversion to, 115 (note)

Rome, Augustin's motive for wishing to go to, 83, 84

he leaves, 88

Rule, the wooden, seen by Monica in her dream, 66

symbolical of the Rule of Faith, 67, 128

the, or "line," of Ps. xix. 3, 4, 199 (note)

Rumination, spiritual, 91 (note)

of the harts, 164 (note)


Sacrament, or mystery, 118 (note)

confirmation, etc., sometimes spoken of by the Fathers as a, 118 (note), 197 and note

Sacrifices were used by the soothsayers in their divinations, 68

Saint, a Manichean 66 and notes

Sallust, quotation from, 58

Salt, seasoning with, on admission as a catechumen, 52 and note, 89 (note)

Σαρξ the "flesh," 112 (note)

Satan, renunciation of, before baptism, 118

Schools,

Augustin disapproves of the method of instruction in, 52, 53

the different, of philosophy, etc., 107 (note)

Science does not lead to God, 80, 158 (note)

Sciences called "liberal," 68

Augustin read the books concerning, unaided, 77

Faustus was reputed to be skilled in, 80, but had no real knowledge of them, 82, 83

Scipio's change of name, 120 (note)

Scripture, God's reason for the mysteries in, 48 (note)

veiled in mysteries, 62, 94

made plain to the "little ones," being obscured to the mocking spirit of the Manichæans, 62 (note)

Manichean perversion of, 62 (note), 67 (note)

they tried to deprive it of all authority, 63 (note)

the law of progress in, 64 and note

the Manichæans, when opposed, pretended that the, had been corrupted, 81 (note)

what they censured in the, 87

Ambrose expounded the, every Lord's day, 91

"letter"of, 92 (note)

types in, 92 (note)

Manichean cavillings at, 93

authority of, 93, 117 (note)

belief in, 93. (note)

plainness and depth of, 93 and note

Augustin rejoices that he studied Plato before, and not the reverse, 113, 114

Augustin entreats of God that he may be led to the truth through the study of, 163, 164, 178 and note

mysteries and right use of, 164 (notes)

symbolized, 164 (note)

the Hebrew and Greek, 165

awful depth of, 180

truth to be seen in, but not by all, 182

Sea, allegorical explanation of the, 196 and notes

Security, false, 156 and note

Self-deception, Augustin's, 123

Self-knowledge to be preferred to ignorance, 47 (note)

Self-love and pride the sources of sin, 65

Sense, God has given to each its proper pleasure as well as use, 79 (note)

Sermons, Goodwin's description of the effect of, 89

Shakespeare, quotation from, 69 (note)

Shame, false, 53, 57

Sight, the allurements of, 156

knowledge received by, 201

faith and, 201 (note)

Silence,

the highest form of praise to God, 46 (note)

a consoler in grief, 127 (note)

Simplicianus, and the Platonist, 113 (note)

Augustin consults him about the renewing of his mind, 116,117

he succeeded Ambrose as Bishop of Milan,. 117

his skill, 117

his uncompromisingness, 117

Sin, in infancy, 47, 48

original, 47, 48, 84

the Manichæans, denied, 76 (note)

guilt of, after baptism, greater than before, 50

our motives to, 57, 58

love of, for the sin's sake, 59

self-love and pride the sources of, 65

its own punishment, 72, 79 (note), 143 (note)

the absence of free-will the punishment of former sin, 125

forgiveness of, after baptism, 140 and note, 141

has not substance, only weakness, 192 (note)

Augustin compares it to blindness, 192 (note)

Sinners cannot escape God, 79

injure themselves, not God, 79 (notes)

Skins, Augustine makes, the emblems of mortality, 112 and note, 195 (note)

Sodom, the sea of, 60 and note

Solomon, the enigma of, 63

Son, the prodigal, 53

Song of Ambrose and Augustin, 134 (note)

Soothsayer, the, promises Augustin victory on certain conditions which he despises, 68

Sorrow, why sent to us, 72 (note)

effect of time and consolations of friends on, 72

effect of silence in, 127 (note)

Soul, Augustin fancied that he and Nebridius had only one soul between them, 71

invocation to it to return to God, 73

the Manichæan, notion concerning the, 76 (note)

sight or eye of the, 92

body, spirit, and, 111 (note)

speculations concerning it after death, 164 (note)

Augustin on the origin of the human, 183 (note)

Neo-Platonic idea as to its capacity for seeing God, 198 (note)

Sozomen's account of the origin of Monachism, 122 (note)

Spirit,

the letter and the, of Scripture, 92 and note

body, soul, and, 111 (note)

pen of the, 114 (note)

leadings of the, 153

gifts of the, 197

Spiritual body, the, 112 (note)

Stage-plays,

Augustin's love of, 60

reprobated by the Fathers, those who went to them being excluded from baptism, 60 (note)

Stars, knowledge of the, etc., 80, 81

Manichean teaching as to the, false, 82

the catechumen to be content with the light of the moon and the, 197, 198

Στερέωμα the firmament, 199 (note)

Stoics, the great year of the, 202 (note)

Study,

Augustin's distaste for, in boyhood, 50

Ambrose in his, 91

Substance, corporeal, Augustin's idea of God as a, 102 and note, 103

God's substance incorruptible, 104

evil not a, 110

the two substances, 111

Augustin thinks of God as an incorruptible, 116

matter not created out of God's, 177

sins have not, 192 (note)

Subverters, Augustin delighted in their friendship, although he abhorred their acts, 61

the name of a pestilent and licentious set of persons, also termed Eversores, 61 and note

Sun, the Christian should always aspire to look at the, 108

when able to do so, 198

Christ the central, 198 (note)

Sun and moon,

Manichean belief as to the, 63,

proved false, 82, 83 and note

influence of the, 103 (note)

Sustinentia and continentia, difference between, 153 (note)

Sylvester, bishop of Rome, before Constantine, 69 (note)

Symbols, use of, 91 (note)

God's goodness in conveying His truth by, 189

Symmachus the prefect sends Augustin to Milan, 87, 88

Sympathy, real and false, 51, 60, 61

Christ's perfect human, 71 (note)

Syria, Hierius a native of, 74, 75


Tablets, matrimonial, 136 and note

Talmud, illustrations of God's majesty, in, 46 (note)

of His mercy and justice in, 133 (note)

Tears, why sweet to the unhappy, 71

Τεχνίτης, or artificer, God a, 72 (note)

Te Deum, the song of Ambrose and Augustin, 134 (note)

Telemachus the monk sacrificed his life to put an end to the circus fights, 96 (note)

Temptation, the winds and waves of, stilled by Christ, 144 (note)

life a, 153

as a testing, 153 (note)

605

we should not court, 156 (note)

Christ's, typical, 80 (note), 153 (note)

Terence, Eunuchus of, 53

Testament, the Old and New, 76 (note), 180

Thagaste, Augustin's father a poor freeman of, 56

Augustin taught rhetoric there, 68

it was there Augustin met Nebridius, 70

Augustin leaves to go to Carthage, 72

the birthplace of Alypius, 94

Thebes, Antony a native of

Paul the hermit of, 122 (note)

Theft, Augustin commits, from his parents' table, 54

and later, he steals not from poverty, but the love of wrong-doing, 57-59

innocent Alypius is apprehended for, 96

Theophilus of Antioch's opinion concerning Adam's immortality, 73 (note)

Theraputæ of Philo, the, 122 (note)

Thorwaldsen, the Danish sculptor, dream of, 153 (note)

Time,

effect of, on grief, 72

God speaks to us in, 166

has no relation to eternity, 167

itself a creature, therefore not before creation, 167, 168

what is, 168, 169

present, not long, 168, 169

cannot be measured, 169,172,173 and note

nevertheless, there is past and future, 196

motions of the heavenly bodies not, 172

of what is it the protraction? 172

the impression of things on the mind, 173

regarded as an agent, 174 (note)

Augustin argues that it and the world had one beginning, 175

begins from the creation, not the creation from it, 188 (note)

has no relation to God and His Word, 205

Titus, amphitheatre of, 95 (note)

Tobias, the light seen by, 157

Toothache, Augustin suffers from, 133

De Quincey on, 133 (note)

Tradition, Rabbinical, concerning the children of Israel, 64 (note)

belief in, 93 (note)

Tree of life, able to avert death from Adam, 73

Triad, man a, 111

Trichotomy of man, doctrine of the, 111 (note), 113 (note)

Triers, the monastery at, 122

Trinity, the Manichean notion of the, 62 (note)

doctrine of the, conveyed in creation, 191

types of, in man, 193 and note

mystery of the doctrine of the, 193 (note)

illustrations of the, 193 (note)

Trouble, why sent to us, 72 (note)

effect of time on, 72

Truth, Augustin's desire and longing for, 62, 63

the Manichæans abused the word truth, 62

God is, 62, 72, 81, 151, 152, 186 and note

Augustin's despair of finding the, 86

is God's alone, 109 (note)

heresies confirm, 113

Licentius' and Trygetius' notions concerning

the search after, and the finding, 123 (note)

joy in the, 152

he who finds, finds God, 152

Augustin begs that God will lead him to the, through the Scriptures, 163-164

wisdom and, 166

the discovery of, difficult, 176

to be seen in Scripture, but not by all, 183

Trygetius' notion concerning truth, 123 (note)

Tully,

Augustin at one time thought the Holy Scriptures not to be compared in dignity to, 62

his contrary opinion, 81 (note)

orations of, 83

Types in Scripture, 92 (note)

of the Trinity in man, 193


Universe, beauty of the, 79 (note)


Victorinus, conversion of, 117


Wax, writing on, 133 and note

Way, Christ the, 114 (note), 116

Weeping, why sweet to the unhappy, 71

West, custom of turning to the, 113 (note)

Wife, Monica fears that a, would prove an encumbrance to her son, 57

but afterwards seeks for one for him, 99

Will, evil a perversion of the, 111

feebleness of, 125

conflict in the, 125, 126

of God is eternal, 180

Wine-bibbing,

Ambrose forbids it at oratories, 90

Monica's, in her youth, 135

how cured, 136

Wisdom, Augustin's love of, 62, 98

the love of, called philosophy in Greek, 62

God enjoins man to behold, 81

Augustin stimulated to the love of, by Cicero's Hortensius, 107 (note)

and truth, 166

of God eternal, 180, 181

the word of, given by the Spirit, 197 and note

Wit, 45 (note)

Augustin's, a snare to him 77

Wizards, Augustin's opinion of, 68 (note)

Woman, creation of, 206 and note

Wood, the cross called a ship of, 52, 53 (note), 114 (note)

Word,

wit and eloquence baits to draw man to the, 45 (note)

the written, likened to the swaddling-clothes of the child Jesus, 64 (note)

made flesh, 107, 108

and note, 112, 113, 162

God the, 108

Christ the, 112

God created the world by His, 165

God speaks to us eternally in His, 166

the beginning of all things, 166

happiness of the spiritual creature to be found only in the, 190

the firmament the type of the, 195, 196

heaven and earth shall pass away, but not the, 196

Word of God, eternal, 73

a fount of happiness, 81 (note)

incorruptible, 103 and note

Words and ideas, 49

World,

the things of this, are fleeting, 73

love of the, 79

the sea ened to the wicked, 196 and notes

the Manichæan, and Gnostic opinion as to the origin of the, 205

the, was created out of nothing, 206


Zeno and Aristotle prepared the way for Neo-Platonism, 86 (note)



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