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§ 49. Chronological Table of the Popes, Anti-Popes, and Roman Emperors from Gregory I. to Leo XIII.


We present here, for convenient reference, a complete list of the Popes, Anti-Popes, and Roman Emperors, from Pope Gregory I. to Leo XIII., and from Charlemagne to Francis II., the last of the German-Roman emperors:210210    This list is compiled from Jaffé (Regesta), Potthast (Bibl. Hist. Medii AEvi, Supplement, 259-267), and other sources. The whole number of popes from the Apostle Peter to Leo XIII. is 263.
   The emperors marked with an asterisk were crowned by the pope, the others were simply kings and emperors of Germany.


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a.d.

POPES.

ANTI-POPES.

EMPERORS.

a.d.




(Greek Emperors)


590–604

St. Gregory I


Maurice

582


(the Great)


Phocas

602

604–606

Sabinianus




607

Boniface III




608–615

Boniface IV


Heraclius

610

615–618

Deusdedit




619–625

Boniface V




625–638

Honorius I




638(?)-640

Severinus




640–642

John IV


Constantine III





Constans II

641

642–649

Theodorus I




649–653 [655]

St. Martin I


Constantine IV


654–657

Eugenius I


(Pogonatus)

668

657–672

Vitalianus




672–676

Adeodatus




676–678

Donus or Domnus I




678–681

Agatho




682–683

Leo II




683–685

Benedict II




685–686

John V


Justinian II

685

686–687

Conon




687–692


Paschal

Leontius

694

687

Theodorus.


Tiberius III

697

687–701

Sergius I


Justinus II restored

705

701–705

John VI


Philippicus Bardanes

711

705–707

John VII


Anastasius II

713

708

Sisinnius


Theodosius III

716

708–715

Constantine I


Leo III. (the Isaurian)

718

715–731

Gregory II




731–741

Gregory III


(Charles Martel, d. 741, defeated the Saracens at Tours 732.)


741–752

Zacharias


(Pepin the Short,


752

Stephen II


Roman(Patricius).

741

752–757

Stephen III (II)




757–767

Paul I




767–768

Constantine II


Roman Emperors.


768

Philippus




768–772

Stephen IV




772–795

Adrian I


* Charlemagne

768–814

795–816

Leo III


Crowned emperor at Rome

800

816–817

Stephen V




817–824

Paschal I


* Louis the Pious (le Débonnaire)

814–840

824–827

Eugenius II


Crowned em. at Rheims

816

827

Valentinus




827–844

Gregory IV


* Lothaire I (crowned 823)

840–855

844


John (diaconus)



844–847

Sergius II


(Louis the German, King of Germany, 840–876)


847–855

Leo IV





The mythical papess Joan or John VIII




855–858

Benedict III




855


Anastasius.

* Louis II (in Italy)

855–875

858–867

Nicolas I




867–872

Adrian II




872–882

John VIII


* Charles the Bald

875–881

882–884

Marinus I


* Charles the Fat

881–887

884–885

Adrian III




885–891

Stephen VI


* Arnulf

887–899

891–896

Formosus


Crowned emperor

896

896

Boniface VI




896–897

Ste



897

Romanus




897

Theodorus II




898–900

John IX


(Louis the Child)

899

900–903

Benedict IV




903

Leo V


Louis III of Provence (in Italy)

901

903–904

Christophorus (deposed)




904–911

Sergius III




911–913

Anstasius III


Conrad I (of Franconia) King of Germany.

911–918

913–914

Lando




914–928

John X


Berengar (in Italy).

915

928–929

Leo VI


Henry I. (the Fowler) King of Germany. The House of Saxony.

918–926

929–931

Stephen VIII




931–936

John XI




936–939

Leo VII




939–942

Stephen IX


* Otto I (the Great)

936–973

942–946

Marinus II


Crowned emperor

962

946–955

Agapetus II




955–963

John XII (deposed)




963–965

Leo VIII




964

Benedict V (deposed)




965–972

John XIII




972–974

Benedict VI


* Otto II

973–983

974–983

Benedict VII

(Boniface VII?)



983–984

John XIV (murdered)


* Otto III

983–1002

984–985

Boniface VII


Crowned emperor

996

985–996

John XV




996–999

Gregory V




997–998


Calabritanus John XVI

*Henry II (the Saint, the last of the Saxon emperors).

1002–1024

998–1003

Silvester II


Crowned emperor

1014

1003

John XVII




1003–1009

John XVIII




1009–1012

Sergius IV




1012–1024

Benedict VIII



1024–1039

1012


Gregory

* Conrad II, The House of Franconia.


1024–1033

John XIX


Crowned emperor

1027

1033–1046

Benedict IX (deposed)




1044–1046


Silvester III

* Henry III

1039–1056

1045–1046

Gregory VI


Crowned emperor

1046

1046–1047

Clement II




1047–1048

Damasus II




1048–1054

Leo IX




1054–1057

Victor II


* Henry IV

1056–1106

1057–1058

Stephen X


Crowned by the Antipope Clement

1084

1058–1059

Benedict X (deposed)




1058–1061

Nicolas II




1061–1073

Alexander II




1061


Cadalous (Honorius II)

(Rudolf of Swabia rival)

1077

1073–1085

Gregory VII (Hildebrand)




1080–1100


Wibertus (Clement III)

(Hermann of Luxemburg rival)

1081

1086–1087

Victor III




1088–1099

Urban II




1099–1118

Paschal II




1100


Theodoricus



1102


Albertus

* Henry V

1106–1125

1105–1111


Maginulfus (Silvester IV)



1118–1119

Gelasius II




1118–1121


Burdinus (Gregory VIII)

* Lothaire II (the Saxon

1125–1137

1119–1124

Calixtus II




1124


Theobaldus Buccapecus (Celestine)

* Conrad III, The House of Hohenstaufen. (The Swabian emperors.)

1138–1152

1124–1130

Honorius II.


Crowned Em. at Aix


1130–1143

Innocent II




1130–1138


Anacletus II



1138


Gregory (Victor IV)



1143–1144

Celestine II




1144–1145

Lucius II




1145–1153

Eugenius III


*Frederick I (Barbarossa)

1152–1190

1153–1154

Anastasius IV


Crowned emperor

1155

1154–1159

Adrian IV




1159–1181

Alexander III




1159–1164


Octavianus (Victor IV)





Guido Cremensis (Paschal III)








1164–1168


Johannes de Struma (Calixtus III)



1168–1178





1178–1180


Landus Titinus (Innocent III)



1181–1185

Lucius III




1185–1187

Urban III




1187

Gregory VIII




1187–1191

Clement III







*Henry VI

1190–1197

1191–1198

Celestine III




1198–1216

Innocent III


Philip of Swabia and Otto IV (rivals)

1198









*Otto IV

1209–1215

1216–1227

Honorius III


*Frederick II.

1215–1250.

1227–1241

Gregory IX


Crowned emperor

1220

1241

Celestine IV







(Henry Raspe rival)


1241–1254

Innocent IV


(William of Holland rival)





Conrad IV

1250–1254

1254–1261

Alexander IV







Interregnum

1254–1273




Richard (Earl of Cornwall)


1261–1264

Urban IV


Alfonso (King of Castile) (rivals)

1257

1265–1268

Clement IV




1271–1276

Gregory X




1276

Innocent V


Rudolf I (of Hapsburg)


1276

Adrian V


House of Austria

1272–1291

1276–1277

John XXI




1277–1280

Nicolas III




1281–1285

Martin IV




1285–1287

Honorius IV




1288–1292

Nicolas IV







Adolf (of Nassau)

1292–1298

1294

St. Celestine V (abdicated)




1294–1303

Boniface VIII







Albert I (of Hapsburg)

1298–1308

1303–1304

Benedict XI


  


1305–1314

Clement V211211    Clement V. moved the papal see to Avignon in 1309, and his successors continued to reside there for seventy years, till Gregory XI. After that date arose a forty years’ schism between the Roman popes and the Avignon popes.







*Henry VII (of Luxemburg)

1308–1313






1316–1334

John XXII


*Lewis IV (of Bavaria)

1314–1347

1334–1342

Benedict XII


(Frederick the Fair of Austria, rival 1314–1330)


1342–1352

Clement VI









1352–1362

Innocent VI




1362–1370

Urban V


*Charles IV (of Luxemburg)

1347–1437

1370–1378

Gregory XI


(Gunther of Schwarzburg, rival)


1378–1389

Urban VI




1378–1394


Clement VII



1389–1404

Boniface IX


Wenzel (of Luxemburg)

1378–1400

1394–1423


Benedict XIII





(deposed 1409)



1404–1406

Innocent VII


Rupert (of the Palatinate)

1400–1410

1406–1409

Gregory XII (deposed)




1410–1415

Alexander V




1410–1415

John XXIII (deposed)


Sigismund (of Luxemburg)

1410–1437









(Jobst of Moravia rival)


1417–1431

Martin V

Clement VIII



1431–1447

Eugene IV




1439–1449


Felix V

Albert II (of Hapsburg)

1438–1439

1447–1455

Nicolas


*Frederick III.212212    Frederick III. was the last emperor crowned in Rome. All his successors, except Charles VII. and Francis I. were of the House of Hapsburg.

1440–1493

1455–1458

Calixtus IV


Crowned emperor

1452

1458–1464

Pius II




1464–1471

Paul II




1471–1484

Sixtus IV




1484–1492

Innocent VIII


Maximilian I

1493–1519

1492–1503

Alexander VI.




1503

Pius III.




1503–1513

Julius II.


* Charles V

1519–1558

1513–1521

Leo X.


Crowned emperor at Bologna not in Rome

1530






1522–1523

Hadrian VI




1523–1534

Clement VII




1534–1549

Paul III




1550–1555

Julius III




1555

Marcellus II


Ferdinand I

1558–1564

1555–1559

Paul IV




1559–1565

Pius IV




1566–1572

Pius V




1572–1585

Gregory XIII


Maximilian II

1564–1576

1585–1590

Sixtus V




1590

Urban VII




1590–1591

Gregory XIV




1591

Innocent IX




1592–1605

Clement VIII


Rudolf II

1576–1612

1605

Leo XI




1605–1621

Paul V


Matthias

1612–1619

1621–1623

Gregory XV


Ferdinand II

1619–1637

1623–1644

Urban VIII




1644–1655

Innocent X


Ferdinand III

1637–1657

1655–1667

Alexander VIII




1667–1669

Clement IX


Leopold I

1657–1705

1669–1676

Clement X




1676–1689

Innocent XI




1689–1691

Alex’der VIII




1691–1700

Innocent XII




1700–1721

Clement XI







Joseph I

1705–1711

1721–1724

Innocent XIII


Charles VI.

1711–1740

1724–1730

Benedict XIII


Charles VII (of Ba


1730–1740

Clement XII


   varia)

1742–1745

1740–1758

Benedict XIV


Francis I (of Lorraine)

1745–1765






1758–1769

Clement XIII


Joseph II

1765–1790

1769–1774

Clement XIV




1775–1799

Pius VI







Leopold II

1790–1792




Francis II

1792–1806

1800–1823

Pius VII


Abdication of Francis II

1806

1823–1829

Leo XII




1829–1830

Pius VIII


(Francis I, E


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