« Prev List of the Roman Bishops and Roman Emperors… Next »

§ 52. List of the Roman Bishops and Roman Emperors during the First Three Centuries.


From the lists of Eusebius (till Silvester), Jaffé (Regesta), Potthast (Bibliotheca Hist. Medii Aevi), Lipsius and others compared. See a continuation of the list in my History of Mediaeval Christianity, p. 205 sqq.


Date

Popes

Emperors

Date



Augustus

27 b.c.



Tiberius

a.d. 14–37



Caligula

67–41



Claudius

41–54

? 42–67

Petrus-Apostolus



(63–64)

Nero

54–68

? 67–79

Linus-Presbyter

Galba

68



Otho

68–69



Vitellius

69 –69

? 79–91

Cletus or Anacletus

Titus

79–81



Domitian

81–96

? 91–100

Clemens I

Nerva

96–98



Trajan

98–117

? 100–109

Evaristus



? 109–119

Alexander I

Hadrian

117–138

? 119–128

Xystus or Sixtus I



? 128–139

Telesphorus (Martyr)

Antoninus Pius

138–161

? 139–142

Hyginus



? 142–154

Pius I



? 154–168

Anicetus

Marcus Aurelius

161–180

? 168–176

Soter



? 177- 190

Eleutherus

Commodus

180–190

? 190–202

Victor I

Pertinax

190–191



Didius Julianus

191–192



Niger

192–193



Septimius Severus

193–211

202–218

Zephyrinus

Caracalla

211–217



Geta (d. 212)

211–217



M.Opilius Macrinus

217–218

218–223

Callistus, or Calixtus I

Heliogabalus

218–222


(Hippolytus,Antipope)



? 223–230

Urbanus I

Alexander Severus

222–235

? 230–235

Pontianus (resigned in exile)



235–236

Anterus

Maximin I (the Thracian)

235–237

236–250

Fabianus, Martyr

The two Gordians:
Maximus Pupienus,
Balbinus


237–238



Gordian, the Younger

238–244



Philip

244–249

250–251

The See vacant till March, 251

Decius

249–251

? 251–252

Cornelius (in exile)

Gallus

251–252

? 251

(Novatianus, Antipope)



252–253

Lucius I

Volusian

252–253

? 253–257

Stephanus I

Aemilian

253–268



Valerian

256–259



Gallienus

259–268

? 257–258

Xystus (Sixtus) II



Till July 21, 259

The See vacant



259–269

Dionysius

Claudius II

268–270

269–274

Felix I

Aurelian

270–275

275–283

Eutychianus

Tacitus

275–276



Probus

276–282

283–296

Gajus (Caius)

Carus

282–284



Carinus

284–286



Numerian




Diocletian (d. 313 )

284–305



Maximian joint Emp. with Diocletian

286–305

296–304

Marcellinus

Constantius (d. 306)

304 or 307

304–307

The See vacant

Galerius (d. 311)




Licinius (d. 323)




Maximin II (Daza)

308–309



Constantine the Great,

309–323



Galerius (d. 311),


308–309

Marcellus

Licinius (d.323),


309–310

Eusebius, d. Sept. 26 (?) 309

Maximin (d. 313),




Maxentius (d. 312),


309–310

The See Vacant

  reigning jointly.


311–314

Miltiades (Melchiades)

314-335 Silvester I.


Constantine the Great,

323-337


sole ruler.




The whole number of popes, from the Apostle Peter to Leo XIII. (1878) is two hundred and sixty-three. This would allow about seven years on an average to each papal reign. The traditional twenty-five years of Peter were considered the maximum which none of his successors was permitted to reach, except Pius IX., the first infallible pope, who reigned twenty-seven years (1846-1878). The average term of office of the archbishops of Canterbury is fourteen years.


« Prev List of the Roman Bishops and Roman Emperors… Next »





Advertisements



| Define | Popups: Login | Register | Prev Next | Help |