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O

Oak, sacred: 5, 87; 10, 186

Oates, Titus: 8, 207

Oath: 2, 215; 8, 208-211, 249; 10, 426

Obadiah: 8, 211, 212

Obbenites: 7, 306, 307; 10, 427; 12, 50

Obedience: 8, 212

of Christ: 8, 213

in ecclesiastical usage: 8, 212

in ethics: 8, 212

in religion: 8, 212

on the virtue of: 6, 142, 143

Ober-Ammergau: 8, 213

passion play: 8, 213; 9, 478

Oberlin, Jean F.: 8, 213, 214; 9, 174

Oberlin College: 8, 214

Theological Seminary: 10, 455; 11, 353

Theology: 12, 570

Obi superstition: 12, 317

Oblate di Tor de' Specchi: 12, 411

Oblates: 8, 214

of St. Ambrose: 1, 152

of the Tower of Specchi: 12, 411

of the . . . Virgin Mary: 7, 181

Oblations: 4, 196; 8, 214, 215

Obligation: 4, 39

Obodas II.: 8, 74

Obookaiah, Henry: 5, 173

Oboth: 12, 264

Obotrite Wends: 1, 31; 12, 176, 299

O'Bryan, William: 2, 84; 7, 339

Observantine Franciscans: 4, 358, 373

Hieronymites: 5, 275

Observantists: 4, 359

Occam, William of: 4, 359; 8, 215-220; 11, 496-498; 12, 51

Occasional address: 5, 348, 349

Occasionalism: 7, 141

Occom, Samson: 8, 220

Occult phenomena: 10, 18

Occultism: 7, 127

Occultus: 8, 164

Occum, Samson: 8, 220

Oceania, missions in: 7, 402, 413; 9, 51

Ochino, Bernardino: 2, 80, 411, 456; 6, 68; 8, 220

Ockham. See Occam

O'Connor, Jan A.: 9, 425

Octave: 8, 221

Octavian. See John XII. and Victor IV.

Oda of Canterbury: 8, 221

Odd Order Brethren: 4, 27

Oddo Colonna: 7, 212

Odenatus: 10, 399, 400; 11, 251

Odes of Solomon: 8, 221; 9, 335; 10, 497

Odescalchi, Benedetto: 5, 507

Odilo of Cluny: 1, 133; 3, 147

Odin: 11, 174

Odland, Sigurd V.: 8, 221

Odo (of Canterbury): 8, 221

of Cluny: 3, 147

Odoric of Pordenone: 6, 399; 7, 272

Œcolampadius, Johannes: 7, 168; 8, 222-225

Œconomus, Constantinus: 8, 225, 226

Œcumenical councils: 3, 280

Œcumenius: 8, 226

Oeder, Georg L.: 8, 226

Oedmann, Samuel: 9, 179

Oehler, Gustav F. von: 8, 227

Oesterley, William O. E.: 8, 227

Oetinger, Friedrich C.: 1, 211; 8, 227; 9, 171

Oettli, Samuel: 8, 228

Offa: 8, 498

Offering, burnt: 10, 164

guilt: 10, 165

peace: 10, 165

sin: 10, 165

trespass: 10, 165

wave: 10, 165

Offerings. See also Sacrifice

117

Offertory: 8, 228

Offices of Christ: 6, 173. See also Christology

Official: 8, 229

Og: 1, 157

Ogdoads: 2, 1

O'Gorman, Thomas: 8, 229

O'Hara, Henry S.: 8, 229

Ohio, Joint Synod of Lutheran: 7, 90

Oil: 8, 229; 10, 164

olive: 4, 403, 404; 8, 229; 10, 145

symbolism of: 11, 211

for unction: 4, 252

O'Kelly, James: 3, 45; 7, 342; 8, 230

Olaf Haraldson: 8, 194

saint: 8, 194, 195

Skottkonung: 11, 174

Tryggvason: 5, 435; 8, 194

Old Catholic Church of Holland: 6, 98-100; 8, 231

Catholics: 3, 468; 6, 66, 98-100; 7, 42; 8, 230-232; 9, 449; 12, 188, 189, 571

Colony Churches: 7, 309

Flemings: 7, 304

Frisians: 7, 304

Latin, of Apocrypha: 1, 216

Latin Bible: 2, 121-122

Light Antiburghers: 9, 209

Lights: 9, 209, 215

Lutherans: 7, 81; 10, 47, 255

Mennonites: 7, 308

Order Amish: 7, 308, 309

Order Brethren: 4, 25

Saxon Genesis: 5, 208

School (Presbyterianism): 1, 359; 9, 227

Swiss Brethren: 7, 309

Testament, canon of: 2, 388-393

censuses: 2, 494

Christology: 3, 49

conception of God: 5, 2

concordances: 3, 205-207

fruit trees in: 4, 403-405

morality: 7, 172

ordeals: 8, 251

prophecy: 9, 272-277

Pseudepigrapha: 9, 333-343

sacrifices: 10, 163-164

serpent worship in: 10, 364

on sin: 10, 433

symbolism: 11, 204

text: 2, 94

theology: 2, 184

Two-Seed-in-the-Spirit Predestinarian Baptists: 1, 477

Oldcastle, Sir John: 7, 16; 8, 232

Oldenbarneveldt: 1, 297; 9, 481

Oldenburg: 8, 233

Reformation in: 8, 233

Oldratus, Johannes: 5, 404

Olearius, Adam: 8, 324

Gottfried: 8, 233; 9, 171

Gottfried II.: 8, 234

Johann G.: 8, 234

Johannes: 8, 233; 9, 171

Johannes II.: 8, 233

Johannes III.: 8, 234

J. Christian: 8, 234

J. Christof: 8, 234

Olevianus (Olevian), Kaspar: 5, 204; 8, 235

Olga, Saint: 8, 236; 10, 117

Olier, Jean J.: 8, 236; 11, 134

Olimpia, Donna: 5, 506, 507

Olin, Stephen: 8, 236; 9, 187

Olive oil: 4, 403, 404; 8, 229; 10, 145

trees: 4, 403

Olivers, Thomas: 8, 236

Olives, Mount of: 8, 236

Olivet: 8, 236

Olivetan, Pierre R.: 2, 142; 8, 237

Olivetus, Lupus: 5, 275

Olivi, Pierre J.: 4, 359; 8, 237

Olivier, Pierre R.: 8, 237

Olivieri, D. F.: 1, 455

Olivists: 8, 237

Olmsted, Charles S.: 8, 237

Charles T.: 8, 238

Olney hymns: 8, 154

Olsen, Isaac: 11, 99; 12, 321

Olshausen, Hermann: 8, 238; 10, 258

Justus: 8, 238

Olsson, Olaf: 8, 239

Oltramare, Marc J. H.: 8, 239

Olympius of Ravenna: 7, 212

Omaha Theological Seminary: 11, 373

Omar (caliph): 7, 440

O'Meara, Thomas R.: 8, 239

Omer: 12, 289

Ometecutli: 11, 144

Omniscience and freedom: 12, 359

Omophorion: 12, 172

Omri: 7, 425, 426; 8, 239, 240

On: 8, 240

Oncken, Johann G.: 8, 240

Onderdonk, Henry U.: 8, 241

Ondereick, Theodor: 12, 63

Oneida community: 3, 188

O'Neill, S. W.: 9, 288

Onias III. (IV.): 6, 458

Onions: 1, 92

Onkelos: 8, 241

targum of: 2, 131

Ono: 6, 252

Ontological argument: 3, 409; 9, 464

doctrine of Trinity: 12, 19

Onyx: 9, 190

Oort, Henricus: 8, 241

Oosterzee, Jan J. van: 8, 241; 9, 180

Opfer, Joachim: 10, 171

Opheilē, opheilēma: 7, 22

Ophians: 8, 243-245; 10, 366

Ophir: 7, 330; 8, 242

Ophites: 8, 243-245; 10, 366

Ophra (Ophrah): 4, 486; 6, 250

Oppert, Jules: 1, 398; 6, 8

Optatus: 3, 488, 489; 8, 245, 246

Optimism: 8, 246

Option: 8, 247

Opus Operantis: 8, 247; 10, 142

Opus Operatum: 2, 50; 8, 247; 10, 142

Opzoomer, Cornelis W.: 8, 247, 248

Oracles: 2, 202, 203; 12, 108. See also Prophecy

Oral law, Hebrew: 11, 255

Orange Free State, Dutch Reformed Church in: 9, 433

118

Orange Free State, River Colony: 1, 73

Synods of: 2, 333; 8, 248, 275, 389; 10, 37, 348

Orarium: 12, 170

Oratorians: 1, 489; 4, 20; 5, 46; 8, 116, 153, 248; 9, 374; 10, 41

Oratorio: 10, 159

Oratorium divini amoris: 8, 248

Oratory: 8, 248

Congregation of the: 1, 489

of the Divine Love: 8, 248

English: 8, 116

French: 8, 116

of immaculate conception: 5, 46

Italian: 8, 116

priests of the: 8, 116

Roman: 8, 249

Orbelian, Stephen: 1, 291

Orchards: 4, 403-405, 429

Ordeal: 1, 89; 3, 451; 8, 249-252; 11, 7; 12, 233, 234

Order of Christ: 3, 37

of Mercy: 10, 452

of Our Lady of Refuge: 7, 123

of the Redeemer: 9, 412

of St. Mary Magdalen: 10, 469

of Salvation: 5, 450, 451; 8, 252, 253

Ordericus Vitalis: 8, 254

Orders, Anglican: 4, 136; 8, 255; 9, 253; 11, 126, 127; 12, 237

Holy: 8, 254

knightly: 1, 101, 106, 108, 111, 188, 388; 2, 75, 340; 3, 37, 38, 120, 311; 4, 392; 5, 326, 331; 6, 216-217, 433; 7, 181, 373; 11, 290-292, 311-312

Mohammedan: 3, 407-408

Ordiex, S. P.: 11, 27

Ordinal: 8, 254, 255

Ordinances: 10, 74

Ordinary: 8, 255

Ordination: 8, 255; 9, 253; 11, 128

controversy: 6, 356

Methodist: 12, 309

Ording, Johannes: 8, 256

Ordo fontis Ebraldi: 4, 338

fratrum minimorum: 7, 383

pœnitentiæ: 8, 449

religiosus de pœnitentiæ: 8, 449

Romanus: 8, 256

salutis: 8, 252-253

Ordre du Saint Esprit: 5, 326

Oreglia di Santo Stefano L.: 8, 257

Orelli, Hans C. von: 8, 257

Organ: 8, 257-259

Organization, ecclesiastical: 1, 259, 260

of the Early Church: 1, 245; 3, 79; 8, 259-267; 9, 202; 11, 126

Oriental monasticism: 7, 461-465

Orthodox Church: 2, 297

separated churches: 12, 560-569

Orientius: 8, 268

Origen: 2, 117, 449; 5, 231; 7, 456, 460; 8, 268-273; 9, 159, 463; 10, 110; 12, 133, 134, 209

on the canon: 1, 214; 2, 397

on Celsus: 2, 466, 467

Christology of: 1, 278; 3, 51; 5, 4; 12, 19

Epiphanius and: 4, 154, 155

on eucharist: 7, 230

exegesis of: 4, 240

on God: 5, 4; 12, 19

on infant baptism: 1, 451

on inspiration: 6, 14

on kenosis: 6, 315, 316

on the keys: 6, 324

on the kingdom: 6, 336

on Lord's Supper: 7, 30

on restorationism: 1, 210

textual work of: 2, 102

Origenistic Controversies: 3, 73; 4, 154, 155; 8, 274, 275; 11, 405, 406

Origin of Christian baptism: 1, 440

of man: 1, 33-34; 7, 143

of sin: 9, 91; 10, 433, 434

of worship: 12, 434

Original Antiburghers: 9, 209

Free-Will Baptists: 1, 476

righteousness: 10, 37, 38

Seceders: 9, 209

sin: 8, 133, 438, 439; 9, 193; 10, 37, 243, 258, 347, 436, 437, 438, 491; 11, 34, 425

Orion: 11, 67

Orléans, Synods of: 8, 275; 11, 145

Orme, William: 8, 276

Ormuzd: 18, 530

Ornaments: 8, 276; 10, 51

Hebrew: 1, 159; 4, 3; 7, 330, 331

rubric: 10, 50, 52

Ornithopolis: 9, 15

Orontes: 3, 152; 11, 228

Orosius, Paulus: 8, 276, 441

Orpah: 10, 125

Orpen, R. D'Audemer: 8, 276

Orphanages: 10, 469, 481

Orpheus: 11, 208; 12, 13

Orr, James: 8, 276

Orsini, G. G.: 8, 163

Orsini-Gravina, Pietro F.: 2, 43

Orthodox Catholic Church: 12, 75, 571-573

confession: 7, 435

confession, Greek: 3, 169; 7, 435

Greek Church: 10, 117-122; 11, 232

and pietistic catechisms: 2, 444

Protestant Christology: 3, 56

Orthodoxy: 3, 200; 9, 60, 296, 299; 8, 277, 278; 10, 259, 291

and Heterodoxy: 8, 277, 278

Orthography, Hebrew: 2, 95

Ortlibians: 8, 279

Ortlieb of Strasburg: 8, 279

Orton, Job: 8, 279

Osborne, Edward W.: 8, 279

Osgood, Howard: 8, 280

Samuel: 8, 280

Oshaya, rabbi: 7, 367, 368

Osiander, Andreas: 1, 108; 4, 410; 7, 432

Andreas I.: 8, 280; 9, 166

Andreas II.: 8, 281

Johann E.: 8, 282

Johann R.: 8, 282

Johannes: 8, 282

Johannes A.: 8, 282

Lucas, the Elder: 8, 281; 9, 168

Lucas, the Younger: 8, 281; 10, 158

119

Osiandrian Controversy: 1, 374; 2, 270; 3, 24; 4, 322, 410; 7, 281, 432

Osiris: 4, 90; 11, 268, 269

Osmer, saint: 8, 282

Osmund (Osmond), Saint: 8, 282; 10, 209

Osnabrueck, Bishopric of: 8, 282

Ossat, Arnaud d': 8, 283

Ossuarium: 3, 114

Osterwald, Jean F.: 2, 143, 159; 8, 283

Ostiarius: 1, 58; 8, 283

Ostorodt, Christoph: 10, 489

Ostrogoths: 5, 32

Osuna, Francisco de: 8, 71

Oswald, Saint: 1, 99, 179; 2, 474; 8, 283, 284

Oswin: 8, 284

Oswy: 8, 284; 12, 339

Otfrid of Weissenburg: 8, 284

Othman: 7, 440

Othniel: 2, 341; 6, 253, 255; 8, 285

Otho. See Otto

Otho, Anton: 1, 200

Otmar, abbot: 10, 170

O'Toole, Laurence, Saint: 8, 285

Otte, Christoph H.: 8, 286

Otter, Jakob: 8, 286

Otterbein, Philip W.: 8, 287

Ottley, Edward B.: 8, 287

Henry B.: 8, 287

Robert L.: 8, 287

Otto II., duke: 2, 71

Otto I., emperor: 2, 39, 285; 5, 327, 328; 7, 123; 8, 334; 9, 127, 129, 153

Otto IV., emperor: 5, 498, 499; 8, 335

Otto of Bamberg: 8, 287

of Freising: 8, 288; 9, 244

of Passau: 8, 289

Otto, Johann K. T. von: 8, 289

Rudolf: 8, 290

Ottoboni, Pietro: 1, 119; 3, 311

Ottocar of Bohemia: 5, 65

Ottow, C. W.: 11, 17

Ouateblé, François: 12, 143

Oudin, Remi-Casimir: 8, 290

Ouen, Saint: 8, 290

Our Lady of Loreto: 7, 40-41

of Mt. Carmel, feast of: 7, 222

of Ransom, feast of: 7, 222

of the Scapular, feast of: 7, 222

Ousia: 3, 54; 5, 71

Outdoor relief: 10, 480

Oven: 2, 256

Ovenden, Charles T.: 8, 290

Overbeck, Friedrich: 8, 305

Overberg, Bernhard H.: 8, 290, 291

Overton, John H.: 8, 292

Owen, John: 1, 190; 8, 292, 293; 9, 183

Robert: 2, 371; 3, 184, 187; 8, 293; 10, 483

Ownership, private: 3, 182, 183

Owtred, John: 12, 456

Ox: 12, 427

Oxenden, Ashton: 8, 294

Oxenham, Henry N.: 8, 294

Oxenstierna, Axel: 11, 179

J. B.: 11, 177

Oxford: 8, 294

movement: 11, 479-487

schoolmen: 10, 262

synod: 8, 295

tracts: 11, 481

university: 12, 99

Oxyrhyncus logia: 1, 90

Ozanam, Antoine F.: 8, 295

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