« Barnard, John Barnes, Albert Barnes, Arthur Stapylton »

Barnes, Albert

BARNES, ALBERT: Presbyterian; b. at Rome, N. Y., Dec. 1, 1798; d. at West Philadelphia Dec. 24, 1870. He was graduated at Hamilton College, Clinton, N. Y., in 1820, and at Princeton Theological Seminary, 1823; was ordained pastor of the Presbyterian church at Morristown, N. J., 1825; was pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, 1830-67, when he resigned and was made pastor emeritus. He was an advocate of total abstinence and the abolition of slavery and worked actively in the Sunday-school cause. In 1835 he was brought to trial for heresy by the Second Presbytery of Philadelphia upon ten specifications (given in E. H. Gillett, History of the Presbyterian Church, revised ed., ii, Philadelphia, n.d., pp. 473-474), but was acquitted. Appeal was then made to the Synod of Philadelphia (1835) and he was suspended from the ministry until he should repent of his errors. He appealed to the General Assembly of 1836 and the decision of the Synod was reversed. The agitation still continued and the trial was one of the active causes of the disruption of the Presbyterian church in the United States in 1837 (see Presbyterians) and Mr. Barnes was a leader of the New School party; yet he lived to rejoice in the reunion in 1870. His Notes on the entire New Testament and on portions of the Old (Notes Explanatory and Practical on the New Testament, 11 vols., Philadelphia, 1832-53; revised edition, 6 vols., New York, 1872; Isaiah, 2 vols., 1840; Job, 2 vols., 1844; Daniel, 1853; The Book of Psalms, 3 vols., 1868), designed originally for his congregation in Philadelphia, were eminently fitted for popular use and more than one million copies were sold; they are not original, but show much patient and conscientious labor. Other publications were Scriptural Views of Slavery (Philadelphia, 1846); The Church and Slavery (1857); The Atonement in its Relation to Law and Moral Government (1859); The Way of Salvation (1863); Lectures on the Evidences of Christianity in the Nineteenth Century (New York, 1868); Prayers for the Use of Families (1870); Life at Three Score and Ten (1871).

« Barnard, John Barnes, Albert Barnes, Arthur Stapylton »





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