Augusti, Johann Christian Wilhelm
AUGUSTI, au´´gūs´ti, JOHANN CHRISTIAN WILHELM: Theologian and archeologist:
b. at Eschenberga, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Oct. 27, 1772; d. at Coblenz Apr. 28, 1841.
He studied theology at Jena and became professor of philosophy there 1800, of Oriental
languages 1823; professor of theology at Breslau 1812, at Bonn 1819, where he represented
the older school of theology by the side of younger teachers such as Lücke, Gieseler,
and Nitzsch; in 1828 he became councilor of the consistory of Coblenz, in 1835 president.
Among his works are Denkwürdigkeiten aus der christlichen Archäologie (12
vols., Leipsic, 1817–31); Lehrbuch der christlichen Dogmengeschichte (1805;
4th ed., 1835); Einleitung in das Alte Testament (1806; 2d ed., 1827). The
most widely used of his works was the Handbuch der christlichen Archäologie
(3 vols., 1836–37); he also assisted de Wette in translating the Bible into
German (1809–14). Adaptations of his works on archeology were published in English
by J. E. Riddle (London, 1839) and L. Coleman (Andover, 1841).