- The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge [Dictionary edition]
- The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. I: Aachen - Basilians
ABLUTIONS OF THE MASS: The rubrics of the mass prescribe that immediately
after communion the celebrant shall purify the chalice with wine, and his fingers
with wine and water. These ablutions, as they are called, are drunk by the priest
unless he is obliged to celebrate a second time on the same day, in which case he
pours the wine and water of the last ablution into a special vessel, kept for the
purpose near the tabernacle, and consumes them at the next mass. Pope Pius V. in
1570 introduced into his Missal the rubrics on this matter as they exist to-day.
The first clear references to the ablutions as practised to-day are found in the
eleventh century. Ablution of the hands is also prescribed before mass, before the
canon, and after the distribution of communion outside of mass.