ACHELIS, HANS: Reformed Church of Ger many; b. at Bremen Mar. 16, 1865. He studied at Erlangen, Berlin, and Marburg (Ph.D., Marburg, 1887); became privat-docent at Gbttingen in 1893; was appointed professor there in 1897; went to K6nigaberg in 1901, and to Halle in 1907. His theological position is that of a " ° modern repre sentative of the ancient faith." He has published: Das Symbol des Fisches (Marburg, 1888); Aeta sanetorum Nerei et Aehillei (T U, Leipsie, 1890); Die a71teesten Quellen des orientalischen Kirchen rechts, I. Canones Hippolyti (1891), 11. Die syri schen Didaskalia, iibersetzt and erkldrt (1903; in col laboration with J. Flemming); Hippolyt-studien (1897); Die Martyrologien, ihre 9eschichte and ihr Wert (Berlin, 1900); Virgines subintrodudte. Ein Beitrag zu 1. Kor. vii (Leipsie, 1902); and an edition of the works of Hippolytus, in collabora tion with G. L. Bonwetsch (Leipsic, 1897).

ACHERY, a"ah6"W, JEAN LUC d' (Dom LUC d'Achery; Lat. Dacherius): Benedictine; b. at St. Quentin (80 m. n.e. of Paris), Picardy, 1609; d. in Paris Apr. 29, 1685. He entered the Benedictine order while still very young, and in 1632 joined the congregation of St. Maur at Vend6me. He was of weak constitution and suffered much physically, which led his superiors to send him to Paris. There he became librarian of St. Germain-des-Pr6s, and for forty-five years lived solely for his books and scholarly work. He took especial delight in searching out unknown books and bringing unprinted manuscripts to publication, and was ever ready to help others from his vast store of learning. His chief work was the Spici legaum veterum aliquot seriptorum qui in Gallice bibliotheeis, maxims Benedictinorum, latuerant (13 vols., Paris, 1655-77; 2d ed., by De la Barre, with comparison of later-found manuscripts by Baluze and Marthne, 3 vols., 1723, better arranged but less correct). He edited the first edition of the Epistle of Barnabas (1645), the life and works of Lanfranc (1648), the works of Guibert of Nogent (1651), and the Regula solitariorum of a certain priest Grimlaic (1656); he compiled a catalogue of ascetic writings (1648); and he gathered the material for the Ads. sanctorum ordinis S. Benedicti, which was published by his scholar and assistant, Mabillon (9 vols., 1668-1731), and for which the latter has usually received the credit. (C. PFENDER.)

BIBwoaaAPHY: L. E. Dupin, Bibliotheque dea auteura eeclEsiastiquea, xviii. 1445, Amsterdam ed.; Tassin, Hietoire

litt,4raire de la congregation do $t. Maur, pp. 103 sqq., Brus- sels, 1770. ACHTERFELDT JOHANN HEINRICH. See HERMEB, GEORG. ACCEMETI, a-sem'e-tai of d"cei-m6'tf,-t6 (" Sleep less"): An order of monks who sang the divine praises in their monasteries night and day without cessation, dividing themselves into three choirs for the purpose and undertaking the service in rotation. A certain Alexander (ASB, Jan., i. 1018-28) founded their first monastery on the Euphrates about the year 400, and a second at Constantinople. The abbot Marcellus spread the custom in the East. Monks from his monastery were transferred in 459 by the consular Studius to the monastery newly founded by him in Con atantinople and called, after his name, the Studium, which later became famous. The members of the order are sometimes called Studites. In the con troversy with the Theopaschites (q.v.) they opposed the views of the papal legate, and in 534 they were disavowed and excommunicated by Pope John II. G. KRBGER.


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