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APPENDIX

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CONTENTS OF APPENDIX.

Chronological Tables:

page

  1. Of the Old Testament

  2. Between the Testaments

  3. Of the New Testament

Origin of Nations

Herodian Family

Weights, Measures, and Money

Time and Jewish Year

Miracles in the Old Testament

Our Lord's Miracles

Parables in the Old Testament

Our Lord's Parables

Names, Titles, and Offices of Christ

Prophecies Relating to Christ

Special Prayers in the Bible

Summary of the Mammalia in the Bible

Birds in Palestine

Reptiles in Scripture

Insects in Scripture

Fisheries in Palestine

Table of Obsolete Words in Scripture

Books, Chapters, and Verses in the Bible

Index of Illustrations in Bible Dictionary

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CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES.

INTRODUCTORY NOTE.

The chronology of the Bible, up to the building of Solomon's temple, is very largely a matter of conjecture. The usual dates, which are hero given, were computed by Archbishop Ussher and Dr. Hales. The difference between them arises from their difference source. Archbishop Ussher took the ages of the patriarchs at the birth of their eldest sons, as given in the Hebrew original text, and added them together, and thus arrived at the conclusion that the Deluge came in the sixteen hundred and fifty-sixth year after the Creation. Dr. Hales made the Septuagint Version (see Bible) his basis, and, adding these ages as given in it, put the Deluge at two thousand two hundred and fifty-s.x. years after the Creation, the two texts differing by this amount. Josephus, it is worthy of note, has the latter date for the event. The dates from the Deluge to the entrance into Canaan are found and differ in the same way. It is manifest that neither table can be implicitly relied upon. The longer Chronology of Dr. Hales is probably nearer the fact, inasmuch as it allows more time for the spread of population and the development of kingdoms; as, for instance, Egypt.

The tables we give are those of Mr. J. Gurney, revised in 1878 by the Rev. S. G. Green, D. D., and added to The Bible for Bible-Teachers printed by Eyre & Spottiswoode, Queen's Printers, London. But the table relating to the New Testament times has been again revised and materially altered and enlarged by the editor of this Dictionary on the basis of his History of the Apostolic Church.

*There are two prominent dates for the Exodus: The old view that it occurred under Thothmes or Tutraes II., who reigned about b.c. 1485. But the best Egyptologists now consider Menephthah I., the son of Rameses II. the Great, to be the Pharaoh of the Exodus, and put the event in the year b. c. 1317. See Exodus. This change of date of course alters the subsequent dates, but the time thus apparently lost is regained by shortening the period of the Judges; which is allowable, inasmuch as it is not known how many of the Judges were contemporaries.

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*According to Schrader, who is an authority upon Assyriology, the dates of Shalmanezer, Sargon, and Sennacherib should be: Shalmanezer, b.c. 727-722; Sargon, b.c. 722-705; Sennacherib, b.c. 705-682.

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