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Section XXIII.

[1] 16061606    Matt. xv. 29.And Jesus departed thence, and came to the side of the sea of Galilee, and went [2] up into the mountain, and sat there.  16071607    Matt. xv. 30a.And there came unto him great multitudes, having with them lame, and blind, and dumb, and maimed, and many others, and [3] they cast them at the feet of Jesus:  16081608    John iv. 45b.for they had seen all the signs which he did in [4] Jerusalem, when they were gathered at the feast.  16091609    Matt. xv. 30b.And he healed them all.  16101610    Matt. xv. 31.And 79those multitudes marvelled when they saw dumb men speak, and maimed men healed, and lame men walk, and blind men see; and they praised the God of Israel.

[5] 16111611    Matt. xv. 32.And Jesus called his disciples, and said unto them, I have compassion on this multitude, because of their continuing with me three days, having nothing to eat; and to send them away fasting I am not willing, lest they faint in the way, 16121612    Mark viii. 3b.some of them having [6] [Arabic, p. 89] come from far.  16131613    Matt. xv. 33.His disciples said unto him, Whence have we in the desert [7] bread wherewith to satisfy all this multitude?  16141614    Matt. xv. 34.Jesus said unto them, How [8] many loaves have ye?  16151615    Matt. xv. 35.They said unto him, Seven, and a few small fishes.  And he [9] commanded the multitudes to sit down upon the ground; 16161616    Matt. xv. 36.and he took those seven loaves and the fish, and blessed, and brake, and gave to his disciples to set before [10] them; and the disciples set before the multitudes.  16171617    Matt. xv. 37.And they all ate, and were satisfied:  and they took that which remained over of the fragments, seven basketfuls.  [11] 16181618    Matt. xv. 38.And the people that ate were four thousand men, besides the women and children.  [12] 16191619    Matt. xv. 39.And when the multitudes departed, he went up into the boat, and came to the borders of Magada.16201620    Arabic Magadu, as in Peshitta.

[13] 16211621    Matt. xvi. 1a; Mark viii. 11b.And the Pharisees and Sadducees came to him, and began to seek a discussion with him.  And they asked him to shew them a sign from heaven, tempting him.  [14] 16221622    Mark viii. 12a; Matt. xvi. 4.And Jesus sighed within himself, and said, What sign seeketh this evil and adulterous generation?  It seeketh a sign, and it shall not be given a sign, except the sign [15] of Jonah the prophet.  16231623    Mark viii. 12b.Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not be given a [16] sign.  16241624    Mark viii. 13.And he left16251625    cf. § 11, 32, note. them, and went up into the boat, and went away to that side.

[17] 16261626    Mark viii. 14.And his disciples forgot to take with them bread, and there was not with them [18] in the boat, not even16271627    The change of a single letter in the Arabic would turn not even into except; but Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary (Brit. Mus. text) also has not even. one loaf.  16281628    Mark viii. 15.And Jesus charged them, and said, Take heed, and guard yourselves from the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees, and from the [19] leaven of Herod.  16291629    Matt. xvi. 7.And they reflected within themselves that they had taken with them [20] no bread.  16301630    Matt. xvi. 8.And Jesus knew, and said unto them, Why16311631    Lit. What.  See note to § 7, 38. think ye within yourselves, O ye of little faith, and are anxious, because ye have no bread? 16321632    Mark viii. 17b.until now do ye not perceive, [21] neither understand? is your heart yet hard?  16331633    Mark viii. 18.And have ye eyes, and yet see not? [22] [Arabic, p. 90] and have ye ears, and yet hear not? 16341634    Mark viii. 19.and do ye not remember when I brake those five loaves for five thousand? and how many baskets full of broken [23] pieces took ye16351635    Or, ye took. up?  They said, Twelve.  16361636    Mark viii. 20.He said unto them, And the seven also for four thousand:  how many baskets full of broken pieces took ye16371637    Or, ye took. up?  They [24] said, Seven.  16381638    Mark viii. 21a; Matt. xvi. 11.He said unto them, How have ye not understood that I spake not to you because of16391639    Or, concerning. the bread, but that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees [25] and Sadducees?  16401640    Matt. xvi. 12.Then they understood that he spake, not that they should beware of the leaven of the bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees, which he called leaven.

[26] 16411641    Mark viii. 22.And after that, he came to Bethsaida.  And they brought to him a certain16421642    Lit. one, probably representing Syriac idiom (cf. Sinaitic?). blind [27] man, and besought him that he would touch him.  16431643    Mark viii. 23.And he took the hand of that blind man, and led him out without the village, and spat in his eyes, and laid his [28] hand on him,16441644    The Peshitta also omits on him. and asked him, What seest thou?  16451645    Mark viii. 24.And that blind man looked intently, [29] and said unto him, I see men as trees walking.  16461646    Mark viii. 25.And he placed his hand [30] again on his eyes; and they were restored,16471647    An intransitive word. and he saw everything clearly.  16481648    Mark viii. 26.And he sent him to his house, and said, Do not enter even into the village, nor tell any man in the village.

[31] 16491649    Mark viii. 27a.And Jesus went forth, and his disciples, to the villages of Cæsarea Philippi.  [32] 16501650    Matt. xvi. 13b.And while he was going in the way, and his disciples alone,16511651    Or, his disciples being alone.  There is no such clause in the Syriac versions (Pesh., Sin.). he asked his disciples, [33] and said, What do men say of me that I am, the Son of man?16521652    The Arabic, which reappears in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary (Brit. Mus. text), and seems to represent the consonantal text of the Peshitta, is awkward.  § 23, 34 (Arabic), shows, however, that the rendering given in the text is the meaning intended by the translator.  16531653    Matt. xvi. 14.They said unto him, Some say, John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah, or one of the [34, 35] prophets.  16541654    Matt. xvi. 15.He said unto them, And ye, what say ye that I am?  16551655    Matt. xvi. 16.Simon Cephas answered [36] [Arabic, p. 91] and said, Thou art the Messiah, the Son of the living God.  16561656    Matt. xvi. 17.Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon son of Jonah:  flesh and [37] blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.  16571657    Matt. xvi. 18.And I say unto 80thee also, that thou art Cephas,16581658    Same Arabic word in both places.  See note to § 5, 11. and on this rock will I build my church; and the [38] gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.  16591659    Matt. xvi. 19.To thee will I give the keys of the kingdom of heaven:  and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and [39] whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.  16601660    Matt. xvi. 20.And he sternly charged his disciples, and warned them that they should not tell any man concerning him, [40] that he was the Messiah.  16611661    Matt. xvi. 21a.And henceforth began Jesus to shew to his disciples [41] that he was determined16621662    The word is freely used in this work in the post-classical sense of about to. to go to Jerusalem, 16631663    Mark viii. 31b.and suffer much, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests, and of the scribes, and be killed, and on the [42] third day rise.  16641664    Mark viii. 32a.And he was speaking16651665    The Arabic might perhaps be construed and to speak, depending on began in § 23, 40; but the clause agrees with the Sinaitic of Mark, as does the following. plainly.  16661666    Matt. xvi. 22.And Simon Cephas, as one grieved [43] for him, said, Far be thou, my Lord, from that.  16671667    Mark viii. 33a.And he turned, and looked upon [44] his disciples, and rebuked Simon, and said, 16681668    Matt. xvi. 23b.Get thee behind me, Satan:  for thou art a stumblingblock unto me:  for thou thinkest not of what pertains to God, but of what pertains to men.

[45] 16691669    Mark viii. 34a; Luke ix. 23b.And Jesus called the multitudes with his disciples, and said unto them, Whosoever would come after me, let him deny himself, and take his cross every day, and [46] come after me.  16701670    Mark viii. 35.And whosoever would save his life shall lose it; and whosoever [47] loseth his life for my sake, and for the sake of my gospel, shall save it.  16711671    Luke ix. 25.What shall [48] a man profit, if he gain all the world, and destroy16721672    Or, lose. his own life,16731673    Or, self; or, soul. or lose it? 16741674    Mark viii. 37.or what [49] [Arabic, p. 92] will a man give in ransom for his life?16751675    Or, self; or, soul.  16761676    Mark viii. 38.Whosoever shall deny me and my sayings in this sinful and adulterous generation, the Son of man also will [50] deny him, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with his holy angels.  16771677    Matt. xvi. 27.For the Son of man is about to16781678    See § 23, 40, note. come in the glory of his Father with his holy angels; and then shall he reward each man according to his works.

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