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Chapter II.23892389     The chapter, except this opening sentence and part of verse 7, is found in Apostolic Constitutions, vii. 2–5; but the precepts are separated and enlarged upon.  —The Second Commandment: Gross Sin Forbidden.

1. And the second commandment of the Teaching; 2. Thou shalt not commit murder, thou shalt not commit adultery,23902390     Ex. xx. 13, 14.   thou shalt not commit pæderasty,23912391     Or, “corrupt boys,” as in the version of Apostolic Constitutions.   thou shalt not commit fornication, thou shalt not steal,23922392     Ex. xx. 15.   thou shalt not practice magic, thou shalt not practice witchcraft, thou shalt not murder a child by abortion nor kill that which is begotten.23932393     Comp. Ex. xxi. 22, 23. The Codex reads γεννηθέντα, which Schaff renders “the new-born child.” Bryennios substitutes γεννηθέν, which is accepted by most editors, and rendered as above.   Thou shalt not covet the things of thy neighbour,23942394     Ex. xx. 17.   3. thou shalt not forswear thyself,23952395     Matt. v. 34.   thou shalt not bear false witness,23962396     Ex. xx. 16.   thou shalt not speak evil, thou shalt bear no grudge.23972397     Rendered “nor shalt thou be mindful of injuries” in version of Apostolic Constitutions.   4. Thou shalt not be double-minded nor double-tongued; for to be double-tongued is a 378 snare of death.23982398     So Barnabas, xix.   5. Thy speech shall not be false, nor empty, but fulfilled by deed.23992399     Verse 5, except the first clause, occurs only here.   6. Thou shalt not be covetous, nor rapacious, nor a hypocrite, nor evil disposed, nor haughty. Thou shalt not take evil counsel against thy neighbour.24002400     Latter half of verse 6 in Barnabas, xix.   7. Thou shalt not hate any man; but some thou shalt reprove,24012401     Lev. xix. 17; Apostolic Constitutions.   and concerning some thou shalt pray, and some thou shalt love more than thy own life.24022402     Or, “soul.” The last part of the clause is found in Barnabas; but “and concerning some…pray, and some” has no parallel. An interesting verse in its literary history.    

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