Chap. LXV.—Precepts About Those Things Which are Commanded, and of Pity.
I have spoken of those things which are forbidden; I will now briefly say what things are commanded. Closely connected with
harmlessness is pity. For the former does not inflict injury, the latter works good; the former begins justice, the latter
completes it. For since the nature of men is more feeble than that of the other animals, which God has provided with means
of inflicting violence, and with defences for repelling it, He has given to us the affection of pity, that we might place
the whole protection of our life in mutual aid. For if we are created by one God, and descended from one man, and are thus
connected by the law of consanguinity, we ought on this account to love every man; and therefore we are bound not only to
abstain from the infliction of injury, but not even to avenge it when inflicted on us, that there may be in us complete harmlessness.
And on this account God commands us to pray always even for our enemies. Therefore we ought to be an animal fitted for companionship
and society, that we may mutually protect ourselves by giving and receiving assistance. For our frailty is liable to many
accidents and inconveniences. Expect that that which you see has happened to another may happen to you also. Thus you will
at length be excited to render aid, if you shall assume the mind of him who, being placed in evils, implores your aid. If
any one is in need of food, let us bestow it; if any one meets us who is naked, let us clothe him; if any one suffers injury
from one who is more powerful than himself, let us rescue him. Let our house be open to strangers, or to those who are in
need of shelter. Let our defence not be wanting to wards, or our protection to the defenceless.15891589
To ransom captives is a great work of pity, and also to visit and comfort the sick who are in poverty. If the helpless or
strangers die, we should not permit them to lie unburied. These are the works, these the duties, of pity; and if any one undertakes
these, he will offer unto God a true and acceptable sacrifice. This victim is more adapted for an offering to God, who is
not appeased with the blood of a sheep, but with the piety of man, whom God, because He is just, follows up with His own law,
and with His own condition. He shows mercy to him whom He sees to be merciful; He is inexorable to him whom He sees to be
harsh to those who entreat him. Therefore, that we may be able to do all these things, which are pleasing to God, money is
to be despised, and to be transferred to heavenly treasures, where neither thief can break through, nor rust corrupt, nor
tyrant take away, but it may be preserved for us under the guardianship of God to our eternal wealth.