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10. And whence, finally, do you know whether all these images which you form and put in the place of46254625    Lit., “with vicarious substitution for.” [A very pertinent question as to the images worshipped in Rome to this day. There is one Madonna of African hue and features. See also Murray’s Handbook, Italy, p. 72.] the immortal gods reproduce and bear a resemblance to the gods? For it may happen that in heaven one has a beard who by you is represented46264626    The ms. reads effi-gitur, corrected as above, effin., in all edd. except Hild., who reads efficitur—“is made,” and Stewechius, effigiatur—“is formed.” with smooth cheeks; that another is rather advanced in years to whom you give the appearance of a youth;46274627    Lit., “boy’s age.” that here he is fair, with blue eyes,46284628    Flavus, so invariably associated with blue eyes, that though these are the feature brought into contrast, they are only suggested in this way, and not directly mentioned—a mode of speech very characteristic of Arnobius. who really has grey ones; that he has distended nostrils whom you make and form with a high nose. For it is not right to call or name that an image which does not derive from the face of the original features like it; which46294629    i.e., a fact which can be seen to be true by appealing to analogy. can be recognised to be clear and certain from things which are manifest. For while all we men see that the sun is perfectly round by our eyesight, which cannot be doubted, you have given46304630    So the ms., LB., Hild., and Oehler, reading donastis, the others donatis—“you give.” to him the features of a man, and of mortal bodies. The moon is always in motion, and in its restoration every month puts on thirty faces:46314631    As the appearance of the moon is the same in some of its phases as in others, it is clear that Arnobius cannot mean that it has thirty distinct forms. We must therefore suppose that he is either speaking very loosely of change upon change day after day, or that he is referring to some of the lunar theories of the ancients, such as that a new moon is created each day, and that its form is thus ever new (Lucr., v. 729–748). with you, as leaders and designers, that is represented as a woman, and has one countenance, which passes through a thousand different states, changing each day.46324632    Lit., “is changed through a thousand states with daily instability.” We understand that all the winds are only a flow of air driven and impelled in mundane ways: in your hands they take46334633    Lit., “are.” the forms of men filling with breath twisted trumpets by blasts from out their breasts.46344634    Lit., “intestine and domestic.” Among the representations of your gods we see that there is the very stern face of a lion46354635    The ms. reads leon-e-s torvissimam faciem, emended, as above, leonis t. f., in LB., Orelli, Hild., and Oehler, and l. torvissima facie—“lions of very stern face,” in the others. Nourry supposes that the reference is to the use of lions, or lion-headed figures, as architectural ornaments on temples (cf. the two lions rampant surmounting the gate of Mycenæ), but partially coincides in the view of Elm., that mixed figures are meant, such as are described by Tertullian and Minucius Felix (ch. 28: “You deify gods made up of a goat and a lion, and with the faces of lions and of dogs”). The epithet frugifer, however, which was applied to the Egyptian Osiris, the Persian Mithras, and Bacchus, who were also represented as lions, makes it probable that the reference is to symbolic statues of the sun. smeared with pure vermilion, and that it is named Frugifer. If all these images are likenesses of the gods above, there must then be said to dwell in heaven also a god such as the image which has been made to represent his form and appearance;46364636    Lit., “such a god to whose form and appearance the likeness of this image has been directed.” and, of course, as here that figure of yours, so there the deity himself46374637    Lit., “that.” is a mere mask and face, without the rest of the body, growling with fiercely gaping jaws, terrible, red as blood,46384638    The ms. and both Roman edd. read unintelligibly sanquineo decotoro, for which s. de colore, as above, has been suggested by Canterus, with the approval of Heraldus. holding an apple fast with his teeth, and at times, as dogs do when wearied, putting his tongue out of his gaping mouth.46394639    The ms. here inserts puetuitate, for which no satisfactory emendation has been proposed. The early edd. read pituitate, a word for which there is no authority, while LB. gives potus aviditate—“drunk with avidity”—both being equally hopeless. But if,46404640    ms. sic, corrected by Gelenius si. indeed, this is not the case, as we all think that it is not, what, pray, is the meaning of so great audacity to fashion to yourself whatever form you please, and to say46414641    So Meursius, ac dicere, for ms. -cidere. that it is an image of a god whom you cannot prove to exist at all?


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