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Chapter XII.

In what follows, some may imagine that he says something plausible against us.  “If,” says he, “these people worshipped one God alone, and no other, they would perhaps have some valid argument against the worship of others.  But they pay excessive reverence to one who has but lately appeared among men, and they think it no offence against God if they worship also His servant.”  To this we reply, that if Celsus had known that saying, “I and My Father are one,”48604860    John x. 30. and the words used in prayer by the Son of God, “As Thou and I are one,”48614861    John xvii. 22. he would not have supposed that we worship any other besides Him who is the Supreme God.  “For,” says He, “My Father is in Me, and I in Him.”48624862    John xiv. 11, and xvii. 21.  And if any should from these words be afraid of our going over to the side of those who deny that the Father and the Son are two persons, let him weigh that passage, “And the multitude of them that believed were of one heart and of one soul,”48634863    Acts iv. 32. that he may understand the meaning of the saying, “I and My Father are one.”  We worship one God, the Father and the Son, therefore, as we have explained; and our argument against the worship of other gods still continues valid.  And we do not “reverence beyond measure one who has but lately appeared,” as though He did not exist before;48644864    [See note infra, cap. xxvi.  S.] for we believe Himself when He says, “Before Abraham was, I am.”48654865    John viii. 58.  Again He says, “I am the truth;”48664866    John xiv. 6. and surely none of us is so simple as to suppose that truth did not exist before the time when Christ appeared.48674867    [ἡ τῆς ἀληθείας οὐσία:  see Neander’s History of the Church, vol. ii. pp. 282, 283; also note supra, book vi. cap. lxiv. p. 603.  S.]  We worship, therefore, the Father of truth, and the Son, who is the truth; and these, while they are two, con645sidered as persons or subsistences, are one in unity of thought, in harmony and in identity of will.  So entirely are they one, that he who has seen the Son, “who is the brightness of God’s glory, and the express image of His person,”48684868    Heb. i. 3. has seen in Him who is the image of God, God Himself.

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