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Chapter VII.—Argument:  That the Roman Auspices and Auguries Have Been Neglected with Ill Consequences, But Have Been Observed with Good Fortune.

“Nor yet by chance (for I would venture in the meantime even to take for granted the point in debate, and so to err on the safe side) have our ancestors succeeded in their undertakings either by the observance of auguries, or by consulting the entrails, or by the institution of sacred rites, or by the dedication of temples.  Consider what is the record of books.  You will at once discover that they have inaugurated the rites of all kinds of religions, either that the divine indulgence might be rewarded, or that the threatening anger might be averted, or that the wrath already swelling and raging might be appeased.  Witness the Idæan mother,17321732    Otherwise, “the goddess mother.” who at her arrival both approved the chastity of the matron, and delivered the city from the fear of the enemy.  Witness the statues of the equestrian brothers,17331733    Scil. Castor and Pollux. consecrated even as they had showed themselves on the lake, who, with horses breathless,17341734    Otherwise, “who breathless with horses foaming,” etc. foaming, and smoking, announced the victory over the Persian on the same day on which they had gained it.  Witness the renewal of the games of the offended Jupiter,17351735    Otherwise, “the offence of Jupiter, the renewal of the games,” etc. on account of the dream of a man of the people.  And an acknowledged witness is the devotion of the Decii.  Witness also Curtius, who filled up the opening of the profound chasm either with the mass, or with the glory of his knighthood.  Moreover, more frequently than we wished have the auguries, when despised, borne witness to the presence of the gods:  thus Allia is an unlucky name; thus the battle of Claudius and Junius is not a battle against the Carthaginians, but a fatal shipwreck.  Thus, that Thrasymenus might be both swollen and discoloured with the blood of the Romans, Flaminius despised the auguries; and that we might again demand our standards from the Parthians, Crassus both deserved and scoffed at the imprecations of the terrible sisters.  I omit the old stories, which are many, and I pass by the songs of the poets about the births, and the gifts, and the rewards of the gods.  Moreover, I hasten over the fates predicted by the oracles, lest antiquity should appear to you excessively fabulous.  Look at the temples and lanes of the gods by which the Roman city is both protected and armed:  they are more august by the deities which are their inhabitants, who are present and constantly dwelling in them, than opulent by the ensigns and gifts of worship.  Thence therefore the prophets, filled with the god, and mingled with him, collect futurity beforehand, give caution for dangers, medicine for diseases, hope for the afflicted, help to the wretched, solace to calamities, alleviation to labours.  Even in our repose we see, we hear, we acknowledge the gods, whom in the day-time we impiously deny, refuse, and abjure.


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