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Chapter XXXVII.—Christ and Zacchæus. The Salvation of the Body as Denied by Marcion. The Parable of the Ten Servants Entrusted with Ten Pounds.  Christ a Judge, Who is to Administer the Will of the Austere Man, I.e. The Creator.

“Salvation comes to the house” of Zac412chæus even.49624962    Luke xix. 9. For what reason? Was it because he also believed that Christ came by Marcion? But the blind man’s cry was still sounding in the ears of all:  “Jesus, Thou Son of David, have mercy on me.” And “all the people gave praise unto God”—not Marcion’s, but David’s. Now, although Zacchæus was probably a Gentile,49634963    The older reading, which we here follow, is: “Enimvero Zacchæus etsi allophylus fortasse,” etc.  Oehler, however, points the passage thus: “Enimvero Zacchæus etsi allophylus, fortasse,” etc., removing the doubt, and making Zacchæus “of another race” than the Jewish, for certain. This is probably more than Tertullian meant to say. he yet from his intercourse with Jews had obtained a smattering49644964    Aliqua notitia afflatus. of their Scriptures, and, more than this, had, without knowing it, fulfilled the precepts of Isaiah: “Deal thy bread,” said the prophet, “to the hungry, and bring the poor that are cast out into thine house.”49654965    Isa. lviii. 7. This he did in the best possible way, by receiving the Lord, and entertaining Him in his house. “When thou seest the naked cover him.”49664966    In the same passage. This he promised to do, in an equally satisfactory way, when he offered the half of his goods for all works of mercy.49674967    For the history of Zacchæus, see Luke xix. 1–10. So also “he loosened the bands of wickedness, undid the heavy burdens, let the oppressed go free, and broke every yoke,”49684968    Isa. lviii. 6. when he said, “If I have taken anything from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.”49694969    Luke xix. 8. Therefore the Lord said, “This day is salvation come to this house.”49704970    Luke xix. 9. Thus did He give His testimony, that the precepts of the Creator spoken by the prophet tended to salvation.49714971    Salutaria esse. But when He adds, “For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost,”49724972    Luke xix. 10. my present contention is not whether He was come to save what was lost, to whom it had once belonged, and from whom what He came to save had fallen away; but I approach a different question. Man, there can be no doubt of it, is here the subject of consideration. Now, since he consists of two parts,49734973    Substantiis. body and soul, the point to be inquired into is, in which of these two man would seem to have been lost? If in his body, then it is his body, not his soul, which is lost. What, however, is lost, the Son of man saves. The body,49744974    Caro: “the flesh,” here a synonym with the corpus of the previous clauses. therefore, has the salvation. If, (on the other hand,) it is in his soul that man is lost, salvation is designed for the lost soul; and the body which is not lost is safe. If, (to take the only other supposition,) man is wholly lost, in both his natures, then it necessarily follows that salvation is appointed for the entire man; and then the opinion of the heretics is shivered to pieces,49754975    Elisa est. who say that there is no salvation of the flesh. And this affords a confirmation that Christ belongs to the Creator, who followed the Creator in promising the salvation of the whole man. The parable also of the (ten) servants, who received their several recompenses according to the manner in which they had increased their lord’s money by trading49764976    Secundum rationem feneratæ. proves Him to be a God of judgment—even a God who, in strict account,49774977    Ex parte severitatis. not only bestows honour, but also takes away what a man seems to have.49784978    This phrase comes not from the present passage, but from Luke viii. 18, where the words are ὅ δοκεῖ ἔχειν; here the expression is ὅ ἔχει only. Else, if it is the Creator whom He has here delineated as the “austere man,” who “takes up what he laid not down, and reaps what he did not sow,”49794979    Luke xix. 22. my instructor even here is He, (whoever He may be,) to whom belongs the money He teaches me fruitfully to expend.49804980    The original of this obscure sentence is as follows: “Aut si et hic Creatorem finxerit austerum…..hic quoque me ille instruit eujus pecuniam ut fenerem edocet.

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