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Chapter II.—St. Luke’s Gospel, Selected by Marcion as His Authority, and Mutilated by Him.  The Other Gospels Equally Authoritative.  Marcion’s Terms of Discussion, However, Accepted, and Grappled with on the Footing of St. Luke’s Gospel Alone.

You have now our answer to the Antitheses compendiously indicated by us.35163516    Expeditam a nobis. I pass on to give a proof of the Gospel35173517    [The term εὐαγγέλιον was often employed for a written book, says Kaye (p. 298), who refers to Book i. cap. 1. supra, etc.]—not, to be sure, of Jewry, but of Pontus—having become meanwhile35183518    Interim, perhaps “occasionally.” adulterated; and this shall indicate35193519    Præstructuram. the order by which we proceed. We lay it down as our first position, that the evangelical Testament35203520    Instrumentum. [See cap. 1, supra. And, above, note 9. Also in cap. iii. and the Apology, (cap. xlvii.) he calls the Testaments, Digests, or Sancta Digesta.] has apostles for its authors,35213521    By this canon of his, that the true Gospels must have for their authors either apostles or companions and disciples of apostles, he shuts out the false Gospels of the heretics, such as the Ebionites, Encratites, Nazarenes, and Marcionites (Le Prieur). to whom was assigned by the Lord Himself this office of publishing the gospel. Since, however, there are apostolic35223522    Apostolicos, companions of the apostles associated in the authorship. men also,35233523    He means, of course, St. Mark and St. Luke. they are yet not alone, but appear with apostles and after apostles; because the preaching of disciples might be open to the suspicion of an affectation of glory, if there did not accompany it35243524    Adsistat illi. the authority of the masters, which means that of Christ,35253525    Immo Christi. for it was that which made the apostles their masters. Of the apostles, therefore, John and Matthew first instil35263526    Insinuant. faith into us; whilst of apostolic men, Luke and Mark renew it afterwards.35273527    Instaurant. These all start with the same principles of the faith,35283528    Isdem regulis. so far as relates to the one only God the Creator and His Christ, how that He was born of the Virgin, and came to fulfil35293529    Supplementum. the law and the prophets. Never mind35303530    Viderit. if there does occur some variation in the order of their narratives, provided that there be agreement in the essential matter35313531    De capite. of the faith, in which there is disagreement with Marcion. Marcion, on the other hand, you must know,35323532    Scilicet. ascribes no author to his Gospel, as if it could not be allowed him to affix a title to that from which it was no crime (in his eyes) to subvert35333533    Evertere. the very body. And here I might now make a stand, and contend that a work ought not to be recognised, which holds not its head erect, which exhibits no consistency, which gives no promise of credibility from the fulness of its title and the just profession of its author. But we prefer to join issue35343534    Congredi. on every point; nor shall we leave unnoticed35353535    Dissimulamus. what may fairly be understood to be on our side.35363536    Ex nostro. Now, of the authors whom we possess, Marcion seems to have singled out Luke35373537    Compare Irenæus, Adversus Hæreses (Harvey), i. 25 and iii. 11; also Epiphanius, Hær. xlii. See also the editor’s notes on the passages in Irenæus, who quotes other authorities also, and shows the particulars of Marcion’s mutilations.  [Vol. I. 429.] for his mutilating process.35383538    Quem cæderet. Luke, however, was not an apostle, but only an apostolic man; not a master, but a disciple, and so inferior to a master—at least as far subsequent to35393539    Posterior. him as the apostle whom he followed (and that, no doubt, was Paul35403540    See Hieronymi, Catal. Scriptt. Eccles. 7, and Fabricius’ notes.) was subsequent to the others; so that, had Marcion even published his Gospel in the name of St. Paul himself, the single authority of the document,35413541    Instrumenti. destitute of all support from preceding authorities, would not be a sufficient basis for our faith. There would be still wanted that Gospel which St. Paul found in existence, to which he yielded 348his belief, and with which he so earnestly wished his own to agree, that he actually on that account went up to Jerusalem to know and consult the apostles, “lest he should run, or had been running in vain;”35423542    Gal. ii. 2. in other words, that the faith which he had learned, and the gospel which he was preaching, might be in accordance with theirs. Then, at last, having conferred with the (primitive) authors, and having agreed with them touching the rule of faith, they joined their hands in fellowship, and divided their labours thenceforth in the office of preaching the gospel, so that they were to go to the Jews, and St. Paul to the Jews and the Gentiles.  Inasmuch, therefore, as the enlightener of St. Luke himself desired the authority of his predecessors for both his own faith and preaching, how much more may not I require for Luke’s Gospel that which was necessary for the Gospel of his master.35433543    [Dr. Holmes not uniformly, yet constantly inserts the prefix St. before the name of Paul, and brackets it, greatly disfiguring the page.  It is not in our author’s text, but I venture to dispense with the ever-recurring brackets.]

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