Chapter V.—How the angels
But if this idea take possession of
some one, that if we acknowledge God as our helper, we should not, as we
say, be oppressed and persecuted by the wicked; this, too, I will solve.
God, when He had made the whole world, and subjected things earthly to
man, and arranged the heavenly elements for the increase of fruits and
rotation of the seasons, and appointed this divine law—for these
things also He evidently made for man—committed the care of men
and of all things under heaven to angels whom He appointed over them.
But the angels transgressed this appointment,
and were captivated by love of women, and begat children who are those
that are called demons; and besides, they afterwards subdued the human
race to themselves, partly by magical writings, and partly by fears and
the punishments they occasioned, and partly by teaching them to offer
sacrifices, and incense, and libations, of which things they stood in
need after they were enslaved by lustful passions; and among men they
sowed murders, wars, adulteries, intemperate deeds, and all wickedness.
Whence also the poets and mythologists, not knowing that it was the
angels and those demons who had been begotten by them that did these
things to men, and women, and cities, and nations, which they related,
ascribed them to god himself, and to those who were accounted to be his
very offspring, and to the offspring of those who were called his
brothers, Neptune and Pluto, and to the children again of these their
offspring. For whatever name each of the angels had given to himself and
his children, by that name they called them.