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INDEX OF AUTHORS QUOTED OR REFERRED TO,

AND OF THE SUBJECTS OF QUOTATION OR REFERENCE.

ABDIAS. On the apostolic age, 204, n.

AMBROSE. On teaching and baptizing by the laity of the early Church, 345.

ARISTOPHANES. On the use of the word "bishop," 349, n.

AUGUSTI. On the places of Christian worship in the first century, 364; oh holy days in the early Church, 367, 368 n.; on the liturgical element in early Christian worship, 371 n; on the hymns of the early Church, 373 n.; on Christian baptism, 376 n.; on the celebration of the Lord's Supper, 377

AUGUSTINE, ST. The prayer of Stephen, 63; on the decrees of the Council of Jerusalem, 138; on the ministry of James at Jerusalem, 350; on the Law of Christ, 386; on the laying on of hands, 358; on the Apostle John, 422; on tradition that John did not die, 429. 34.

530

BARONIUS. On Peter's preaching at Rome immediately after his deliverance from prison, 89; on the division of the world into fields of labor by the Apostles, 89; on the date of the Epistle of Peter, 212 n.; on Peter's sojourn at Rome, 213.

BAUMGARTEN. On the relation of the apostolate of the Twelve to the activity of the Christian Church, 78 n.; on the decree of the Council of Jerusalem, 137; on Paul's vow, and its fulfillment at Corinth, 167 n.; on Paul's judgment of the Jews as a nation, 199.

BAUR, F. On the part of the Pharisees in the rupture between the early Church and Judaism, 32; on the number of Christian converts on and immediately after the day of Pentecost, 35; on the identity of primitive Christianity with Judaism, 48; on Stephen's apology, 59; on the different accounts of Paul's conversion, 107 n.; on Paul's recovery from blindness at Damascus, 110 n.; on Paul's first missionary journey, 123 n.; on Paul's farewell to the elders of the Church at Ephesus, 184 n.; on the part of Judaizing Christians in the persecution and arrest of Paul at Jerusalem, 186, 300; on the radical opposition of parties in the Church of the apostolic age, 234; on the founding of the Church at Rome, 308; on the party of Cephas at Corinth, 314; on the first heretics as referred to in the pastoral epistles, 326; on the doctrine of John, 442 n.

BAUR, W. On the hymns of the early Church, 373 n.

BEDE. On the gift of tongues at Pentecost, 32.

BINGHAM. On the constitution of the Christian Churches of the first century, 331 n.; on the episcopacy of the Apostles, 351; on the worship and Christian life of the first century, 36; on the existence of "sanctuaries" in the first century, 364; on the liturgical use of the Lord's Prayer in the first century, 371; on the use of the formula of Christian baptism, 375 n.

BLEEK. On Apollos, I69 n.; on marks of the Pauline school of thought in the Epistle to the Hebrews, 292; on the apostasies which threatened the Church of Jerusalem, 302 n. BLUMHART. On the fragment of the preaching of Peter quoted by Cyprian, 214 n.

BUNSEN. On the authenticity of fragments of a book conmposed by Simon Magus, or one of his disciples, 69 n.; on the constitution of the Churches of the first century, 331 n.; on the visible Church as recognized by the Apostles, 336 n.; on the development of Church organization, 352 n.; on fragments of ancient liturgies, 372 n.; on the significance of Christian baptism in the apostolic age, 373; on the eucharistic prayers of the early Church, 378 n.; on the angels of the seven Churches, 476 n.

531

CALLIXTUS, N. On the fields of mission-labor occupied by the Apostles, 204 et seq.; on John's residence at Jerusalem, 420.

CALVIN. On the worship of the unknown God at Athens, I6i; on the elders of the primitive Church, 351 n.

CHRYSOSTOM. On the deacons of the primitive Church, 56 n.; on the labors of St. Paul, 203; on the name and office of Bishop, 348; on John the Apostle, 417.

CICERO. On the city of Antioch, 76; on the city of Athens, I58; on the light in which religion was regarded by Pagan antiquity, 222.

CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA. On the daughters of Philip the Apostle, 208 n.; on Peter's words to his wife on going to death, 230; on John's labors and his visitation of the Churches, 424; on John and the robber, 424 et seq.; on John's official position in the Church, 476.

CLEMENT OF ROME. His supposed allusion to Peter's sojourn at Rome, 213; on the organization of the Christian Church, 409.

CRUICE, ABBE. On the early influence of the Church at Rome, 309;

CYPRIAN. His quotation of a fragment of Peter's preaching, 214; on the laying on of hands, 358.

DENYS. On Peter's sojourn at Rome, 214.

DE WETTE. On the Jews who put forward Alexander at Ephesus, 179; on the party "of Christ" at Corinth, 314; on "the Light which lighteth every man," 448.

DIOGENES LAERTIUS. On the altar "to the Unknown God," 260.

DIUS CASSIUS. On appeals to the emperors of Rome, 195 n.; on the martyrdom of Flavius Clement and his wife, 467.

EPIPHANES. On the religious tendencies of the Samaritans, 66; on Dositheus, the pseudo Messiah, 67; on the position of James in the Church at Jerusalem, 350; on the Christians at Jerusalem at the time of its destruction, 406; on John and Ebion, 429 n.

EUSEBIUS. On the Ethiopian eunuch, 74, 75; on the tradition that Peter founded and governed the Church at Antioch, 77; on the martyrdom of James, son of Zebedee, 88; on the position of James "the Just" in the Church at Jerusalem, 90, 350; on John, surnamed Mark, I16; on the birthplace and nationality of Luke, 151; on the mission work of the Apostles, 204 n., 215, 218; on the labors of Andrew, brother of Peter, in Scythia, Thrace, and Macedonia, 207; on the daughters of Philip the Apostle, 207 n.; on the death and tomb of Philip, 209; on the legend of the correspondence between Jesus Christ and the King of Edessa, 217; on the part of Peter in the production of the Gospel according to Mark, 219, 220; on the language of the Gospel according to Matthew, 532220; on the apocryphal letter from Pilate to Tiberius, 224; on Nero, 282; on the tombs of Peter and Paul, 230; on the Christians at Jerusalem at the time of its destruction, 406; on the answer of certain Christians in Palestine to the question of Domitian about the kingdom of Christ, 407, 466; on the alleged second Council of Jerusalem, 410 n.; on the proofs of the decay of Judæo-Christianity, 413; on John "the Presbyter," 423 n.; on John and the robber, 426; on the alleged pontificate of John, 426; on the Gospel according to John, 428; on John, and Cerinthus the heretic, 429; on the persecution by Domitian, 467 n.

FABRICIUS. On the mission work of the Apostles, 204, 215.

FROMMAN. On the doctrine of John, 442.

GIESELER. On the confusion in the minds of the Roman Emperors as to the distinction between Christians and Jews, 465.

GRIMM, JOSEPH. On the Samaritans, 66, 74; on the system of Simon Magus, 69 n.

GUERICKE. On Christian worship in apostolic times, 361.

HARNACK. On the worship of the primitive Church, 52, 361, 369; on the first Christians and the Sabbath, 53; on teaching and baptism by the laity in the primitive Church, 345; on the Lord's Supper as observed in the primitive Church, 378.

HERODOTUS. On the city of Corinth, 162.

HEGESIPPUS (in Eusebius.) On the position of James in the Church at Jerusalem, 350; on the answer of certain Christians in Palestine to the question of Domitian about the kingdom of Christ, 407; on the alleged second Council of Jerusalem, 410 n.

HIPPOLYTUS. On the history and doctrines of Simon Magus, 73 et seq.; on the heresies of the second century, 328; on the Nicolaitans and Cerinthus, 473 n., 474 n.; on the Quatordecimonians, 479.

IRENÆUS. On the gift of tongues, 31; on Nicholas, the Deacon, 57 n., 473; on Simon Magus, 68, 70 n., 320; on the place of Peter's death, 214; on the commencement of Ebionitism, 414; on the relations between Peter and John, 420; on John's residence at Ephesus, 423; on the heresy of Cerinthus, 474.

JEROME. On the Ethiopian eunuch, 75; on the founding and government of the Church at Antioch by Peter, 77; on the change of the name of Saul, 18 n.; on the labors of Paul, 203; on the administration of the sacrament by the laity, 345; on the name and office of bishop, 348; on the pontificate of John, 426 n.; on the Gospel according to John, 429.

JOSEPHUS. On the day of Pentecost, 28 n.; on the magistrate who arrested Peter and John after the healing of the lame man, 37; on 533533 the Samaritans, 64, 65; on the planting of Christianity in Cyprus, 76; on the city of Antioch, 76; on the death of Herod Agrippa, 89; on the exorcists at Ephesus, 172; on the vow of the Nazarite, 185 n.; on the Egyptian at Jerusalem, who professed to be a prophet, 187; on Felix the procurator, I9I; on Festus, successor of Felix, 194; on the history and position of "King Agrippa," 196; on Octavia Poppæa, 200; on the Jewish colony in Babylon, 210, 211; on the Jewish colony at Rome, 309; on the influence of the ascetic tendency of Judaism on the heresies of Colosse and Ephesus, 327; on the siege and fall of Jerusalem, 400 et seq.

JUSTIN MARTYR. On Simon Magus, 68; on the rulers of synagogues, 84 n.; on the calumnies against the first Christians, 226; on the Sabbath in the primitive Church, 368; on a Nazarite sect in the second century, 413.

LANGE. On the Council of Jerusalem, 137; on the city of Corinth, 163; on the vows fulfilled by Paul at Corinth, I67 n.; on the mission-work of the Apostles, 209, 210.

LECHLER. On the influence of the fall of Jerusalem upon the relations between Judæo-Christianity and the Church, 412 n.; on the doctrinal basis of the Apocalypse and the fourth Gospel, 431 n.

LEO. On division of the world into fields of labor by the Apostles, 89.

LUCKE. On John the Apostle, 415 n.; on the alleged journeys of John to Rome, and into the country of the Parthians, 420; on John the Presbyter, 423 n.; on the persecution suffered by John, 427 n.; on the posthumous influence of John, 430; on the "Light which lighteth every man," 448.

MARCELLINUS, A. On a pagan custom illustrative of the account given in Acts of the silver-shrine makers at Ephesus, 171 n.

MINUTIUS FELIX. On the practices of the primitive Christians, illustrative of the calumnies against them, 226, 227.

MONOD, A. On John the Apostle, 415 n.

NEANDER. On the community of goods in the primitive Church, 53 n.; on the gift of prophecy in the Christian Church, 87; on the name Saul, 98; on the decree of the Council of Jerusalem, 137; on the vow which Paul fulfilled at Corinth, 167 n.; on the case of Onesimus, 194 n.; on the spiritual position of Paul when he wrote the Epistle to the Philippians, 201 in.; on the death of James, the brother of the Lord, 232 n.; on his doctrine, 241 n., 246; on the gift of teaching in the primitive Church, 351 nt.; on 1 Cor. xvi, 2, 367 zn.; on the doctrine of John the Apostle, 442 n.

OLSHAUSEN. On the Jewish exorcists at Ephesus, 172 n. ORIGEN. On the creed of the Samaritans, 66 n.; on Dositheus the 534pseudo-Messiah, 67; on the founding and government of the Church at Antioch by Peter, 77 n.; on the different modes in which "the Word" is revealed, 421.

OROSIUS. On the persecution by Nero, 229 n.

PAPIAS (in Eusebius.) On Peter having an interpreter at Rome, 32 ln.; on the preference of the primitive Church for the living to the written word, 218; on the origin of the Gospel according to Mark, 219; on the origin and language of the Gospel according to Matthew, 220; on John the Apostle, and John the Presbyter, 423 n.

PAUSANIAS. On the altar to the unknown God at Athens, I60; on the Temple of Diana at Ephesus, 170.

PHILOSTRATUS. On the school of learning at Tarsus, 98 n.; on the devoutness of the people at Athens, 158, 160; on the inhabitants of Ephesus, 171.

PLINY. On the name of Candace, 74 n.; on the blasphemous assumptions of Domitian, 466 n.

REUSS. On the place where the Epistles to the Thessalonians were written, 165; on the date of Paul's voyage to Crete, 176 n.; on the period in which the Epistles to the Ephesians and Colossians were written, 194 n.; on "the engrafted word," James i, 21, 242 n.; on James's doctrine of faith, 243 n.; on the silence of Peter with respect to the law, 249 n.; on the word "Faith," 281 n.; on the doctrine of faith in the Epistle to the Hebrews, 295 n.; on the party "of Christ" at Corinth, 314 n.; on the first heretics as referred to in the pastoral epistles, 326 n.; on the ecclesiastical constitution described in the pastoral epistles, 352 n.; on the doctrine of John the Apostle, 442 n.; on the nature of "the Word," John i, 18, 446 n.; on the teaching of John concerning the Spirit, 447 n.; on the representation given of Satan in the fourth Gospel, 449 n.; on the humiliation of the Word, 454 n.

RITSCHL. On the identity of primitive Christianity with Judaism, 48 n.; on the constitution of the Churches in the apostolic age, 331 n.; on the right of all believers to teach in the public worship of the primitive Church, 344 n.; on the supposed sacerdotal order in the Churches founded by Paul, 345 n.; on the laying on of hands, 357 n.; on the alleged second Council of Jerusalem, 411 n.; on the influence of the Fall of Jerusalem on the relations between Judæo-Christianity and the Church, 411 n.; on the angels of the Seven Churches, 476 n.

ROUTH (passages given in Routh's "Reliquæ Sacræ.) On the calumnies against the primitive Church, 227; on the circumstances leading to the death of James, brother of the Lord, 231 n.; on the 535answer given by certain Christians to Domitian concerning Christ's kingdom, 407 n., 466 n.; on the persecution by Domitian, 467 n.

ROTHE. On the constitution of the Churches of the first century, 331 n.; on the words "elder" and "bishop," 348 n.; on the "elders" of the primitive Church, 351 n.; on the deaconesses of the primitive Church, 355 n.; on the laying on of hands, especially in the case of Timothy, 357 n.; on the alleged second Council of Jerusalem, 410 n.; on the angels of the Seven Churches, 476 n.

SCHAFF. On the deaconesses of primitive Church, 355 n.; on the Sabbath in primitive Church, 366; on the Lord's Supper in primitive Church, 379; on the Christian life of primitive Church, 381 n.

SCHENKEL. On the party "of Christ" at Corinth, 314 n.

SCHERER. On the apostolate in general, and that of St. Paul, 114 n.

SCHMID. On the types of doctrine presented in the second period of the apostolic age, 240 n.; on the passage 1 Peter i, 11, 249 n.; on the doctrine of John the Apostle, 442 n.

SCHWEGLER. On the identity of primitive Christianity with Judaism, 48 n., 92 1n.; on the party "of Christ" at Corinth, 314 n.; on the first heretics as referred to in the pastoral epistles, 326 zn.; on the cessation of the Jewish sacrifices, 411 n.; on the alleged confirmation by John of Judeo-Christianity, 426 n.; on the doctrine of John, 442 n.

SENECA. On the disposition of Gallio, the proconsul, 165 7n.

SOCRATES (Ecclesiastical Historian.) On the apostolic teaching concerning holy days, 367.

STRABO. On the school of learning at Tarsus, 98.

SUETONIUS. On the banishment of the Jews from Rome by Claudius, 223; on the blasphemous claims of Domitian, 467 n.

TACITUS. On the agitation of men's minds in the reign of Claudius, I50; on the character of Felix, the Procurator, 191; on the influence of the prefect Burrhus on Nero, I98 n.; on the character of Nero, 201; on the renewal of the Haruspices under Claudius, 222; on Nero's calumnies against the Christians, 225, 226, 228; on Nero's persecution of the Christians, 229; on the miseries of the Jews after the destruction of Jerusalem, 406 n.

TERTULLIAN. On the gift of tongues in the primitive Church, 31I on the imprisonment of Paul and Silas at Philippi, 154; on Peter's residence at Rome, 214; on the supposed letter from Jesus Christ to Tiberius, 224 n.; on the calumnies against the early Christians, 227; on the laying on of hands in baptism, 358 n.; on baptism for the dead, 375 n.; on the martyrdom of John, 427 n.

THEODORET. On the missions of the primitive Church, 216; on the identity of elders and bishops, 348 n.

536

THILO. On the mission-work of the Apostles, 205 n.

THIERSCH. On the place where the disciples were on the day of Pentecost, 28 n.; on the observance of the Sabbath by the first Christians, 53 n.; on the office of the first deacons, 57 n.; on the apology of Stephen, 62 n.; on the basis of the sacerdotal system, 85 n.; on the preaching of Peter at Rome, 89 n.; on the advice of James concerning Christian converts from paganism, 135 n.; on the monopoly of the gift of teaching claimed for ecclesiastics, 343 n.; on the supposed second Council of Jerusalem, 410 n.; on the angels of the Seven Churches, 476 n.

THOLUCK. On John the Apostle, 415 n.; on "the Light which lighteth every man," 448 n.

TISCHENDORF. (Edition of Apocryphal Acts of Apostles and Gospels.) On the mission-work of the Apostles, 205 n.; on the spring of water said to have gushed from the tomb of John, 430 n.

TILLEMONT, L. DE. On Peter's journey to Rome, 89 n.; on Ananias of Damascus, 110 n.; on Christ's preference for John, 419 n.; on John's supposed journeys to Rome, and into the country of the Parthians, 420 n.; on the tradition that John did not die, 429 n.

VITRINGA. On the difference between the first deacons and those mentioned by St. Paul, 56 n.; on the elders of synagogues, 84 n.; on the rulers of the synagogues, 84 n.; on the constitution of the Churches in apostolic times, 331 n.; on the right of every pious Jew to teach in the synagogue, 343 n.; on the laying on of hands in the appointment of rabbis, 358; on Christian worship in apostolic times, 361 n.; on the church being the house of God, 364; on the parallel between the prayers of the Church and those of the Synagogue, 371 n.; on excommunication from the synagogue, 379.

WIESELER. On Luke's designation of Sergius Paulus, 117 n.; on the date of Paul's voyage to Crete, and of the epistle to Timothy, and that to Titus, 175.; on Paul's payment of the charges of some who had taken the Nazaritish vow, I85 n.; on torture under the Roman law, 189 n.; on the jurisdiction of the Jews in religious matters when under the Romans, 190; on military captivity under the Romans, I93; on the Epistle to Philemon, 194 n.; on the praetorian guard, I97 n.; on the death of Burrhus, and on his successors, 201 n.

WINER. On the brethren of the Lord, go n.

XENOPHON. On a custom illustrative of the usage of the primitive Church in the celebration of the Agapæ, 377 n.

XIPHILINI. See Dius Cassius, 467.

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