Part I. Is There a Question?
I. The Problem
A. Two Worlds or One?
B. Arguments or Reasons?
2. Kaufman and Hick
A. The Real Referent and the Available Referent
B. The Function of Religious Language
A. The Real
C. Religiously Relevant?
D. Is There Such a Thing?
Part II. What is the Question?
3. Justification and the Classical Picture
I. John Locke
A. Living by Reason
II. Classical Evidentialism, Deontologism, and Foundationalism
A. Classical Foundationalism
B. Classical Deontologism
III. Back to the Present
IV. Problems with the Classical Picture
A. Self-Referential Problems
B. Most of Our Beliefs Unjustified?
V. Christian Belief Justified
VI. Analogical Variations
A. Variations on Classical Foundationalism
B. Variations on the Deontology
C. Is This the de Jure Question?
I. Some assorted versions of rationality
A. Aristotelian Rationality
B. Rationality as Proper Function
C. The Deliverances of Reason
D. Means-Ends Rationality
II. Alstonian Practical Rationality
A. The Initial Question
B. Doxastic Practices
C. Epsitemic Circularity
D. The Argument for Practical Rationality
E. Practical Rationality Initially Characterized
F. The Original Position
G. The Wide Original Position
H. A Narrow Original Position?
5. Warrant and the Freud-and-Marx Complaint
I. The F&M Complaint
D. How Shall We Understand the F&M Complaint?
II. Warrant: The Sober Truth
III. The F&M Complaint Again
Part III. Warranted Christian Belief
6. Warranted Belief in God
I. The Aquinas/Calvin Model
B. Presentation of the Model
II. Is Belief in God Warrant-Basic?
A. If False, Probably Not
B. If True, Probably So
III. The de Jure Question is not Independent of the de Facto Question
IV. The F&M Complaint Revisited
7. Sin and Its Cognitive Consequences
II. Initial Statement of the Extended Model
III. The Nature of Sin
IV. The Noetic Effects of Sin
A. The Basic Consequences
B. Sin and Knowledge
8. The Extended Aquinas/Calvin Model: Revealed to Our Minds
II. How Does Faith Work?
III. Faith and Positive Epistemic Status
B. Internal Rationality
C. External Rationality and Warrant: Faith is Knowledge
IV. Proper Basicality and the Role of Scripture
V. Comparison with Locke
VI. Why Necessary?
VII. Cognitive Renewal
9. The Testimonial Model: Sealed upon Our Hearts
I. Belief and Affection
II. Jonathan Edwards
A. Intellect and Will: Which Is Prior?
B. The Affirmations of Faith
III. Analogue of Warrant
I. Warrant and the Argument from Religious Experience
II. What Can Experience Show?
III. A Killer Argument?
IV. Son of Great Pumpkin?
Part IV. Defeaters?
11. Defeaters and Defeat
I. The Nature of Defeaters
II. Defeaters for Christian or Theistic Belief
III. Projective Theories a Defeater for Christian Belief?
12. Two (or More) Kinds of Scripture Scholarship
I. Scripture Divinely Inspired
II. Traditional Christian Biblical Commentary
III. Historical Biblical Criticism
A. Varieties of Historical Biblical Criticism
B. Tensions with Traditional Christianity
IV. Why Aren’t Most Christians More Concerned?
A. Force Majeure
B. A Moral Imperative?
C. Historical Biblical Criticism More Inclusive?
V. Nothing to be Concerned About
A. Troeltschian Historical Biblical Criticism Again
B. Non-Troeltschian Historical Biblical Criticism
VI. Concluding Coda
13. Postmodernism and Pluralism
A. Is Postmodernism Inconsistent with Christian Belief?
B. Do These Claims Defeat Christian Belief?
C. Postmodernism a Failure of Nerve
A. A Probabilistic Defeater?
B. The Charge of Moral Arbitrariness
14. Suffering and Evil
I. Evidential Atheological Arguments
A. Rowe’s Arguments
B. Draper’s Argument
II. Nonargumentative Defeaters?
Index of Scripture References
Greek Words and Phrases
Index of Pages of the Print Edition