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(Five Books of Moses)

Greek has the subsection division for Genesis but Latin for five books of Moses.

723. Naid. Genesis 4:16; K. 134:23; L. 277:86.

Textual variant Nain (Greek).

Simple biblical notation plus Hexaplatic information. Procopius 253A and Jerome in Hebrew Questions (7) follow the etymology of the bible.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Naid, motion or fluctuation" (69).

724. Nineve. Genesis 10:11; K. 136:1; L. 277:88.

Textual variants for the last line: Neneuen, Ninewen and Neuen (Latin).

Outside the normal limits of the Holy Land for the Onomasticon. The second city, one of the Jews, is the only contemporary Jewish city called a polis in the Onomasticon (cf. Note on K. 22:9 and Appendix IX). This probably is nawa 36 miles from Capitolias in the pilgrim itineraries. The Gōnia is part of the Hauron but not clearly identified.

In Hebrew Questions Jerome notes the derivation of the name Nineve and identifies it as Rooboth (K. 142:11).

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Ninive beauty or bud of beauty" (69).

725. Naaliēl. Numbers 21:19; K. 136:4; L. 277:91.

Textual variant Naaniēl (Greek).

Biblical location and station listing.

726. Nabau. Numbers 32:3; K. 136:6; L. 277:93.

Textual variant. Syriac lacks "where Moses died." Suspected entry.

Biblical summary (Deuteronomy 34:1) and location west of Esbous. The city of Naboth (K. 136:9) below is the 8 miles south. This could mean southwest since quadrants are involved. Agri specula (K. 12:16), Phasga (K. 168:28) and Phogōr (K. 168:7, 25) are names also in this general area. The Mt. of Siyahah with the Byzantine church fits the 6 miles distance. It could also be located at jebel Nebo.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Nabau, we will come or in conclusion" (83).

727. Nabōth (Nabo). Numbers 32:38; K. 136:9; L. 277:96.

Textual variant Nabōr (Greek).

Summary of biblical information (Deuteronomy 32:49; Isaiah 15:2; Jeremiah 48:1 and Numbers 32:42). The city is in a different quadrant and is 2 miles farther than the mountain above (K. 136:6). It is abandoned or in ruins by the time of Eusebius. The city is probably Kh Mehaiyet. It was rebuilt as a shrine after the time of Jerome.

728. Nageb. Numbers 34:3; K. 136:14; L. 278:10.

Textual variant. Syriac lacks the Symmachus reference.

The etymology and the Hexaplaric information. The equation of Hebrew’ names with the Latin and Greek is difficult. In Vitruvius on Architecture I, vi, 12, 13 Auster and Meridia are the southern half quadrant. Africas is southwest and Eurus is southeast. No evidence that Jerome and Fuschius were this scientific. Any name could be the entire quadrant from southwest through southeast or even from west-southwest and east-southeast.


729. Naphethdor (Nafeddor). Joshua 11:2; K. 136:16; L. 278:3.

Dor is located properly by the Onomasticon about 9 miles north of Caesarea. The emphasis in Latin suggests some change may have taken place in the fourth century since it is then deserted. An "oppidum" (cf. K. 10:25 and Appendix I). Naphoth really means "hilly region" rather than Maritine (cf. K. 78:8)

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Nafeddor, change of generations" (96).

730. Naphthō. Joshua 15:9; K. 136:18; L. 278:5.

Textual variant Naphthae (Greek).

Summary of biblical information and tribal listing (Joshua 18:15).

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Neptoe, of destruction or beguiling" (96).

731. Naam. Joshua 15:41; K. 136:20; L. 278:7.

Simple tribal listing.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Naama, comeliness" (112).

732. Nesib. Joshua 15:43; K. 136:21; L. 278:8.

Textual variant Negib (Latin).

The distance varies between Greek and Latin. The 7 miles brings the location to Kh Beit Nesib due east of Marisa off the main road. The 9 miles seems an error since it brings the location to Tricomias.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Nasib, title or station" (96).

733. Nebpsan. Joshua 15:62; K. 136:23; L. 278:10.

Simple tribal listing,

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Naabsan or Nabas, dried up (96).

734. Naaratha. Joshua 16:7; K. 136:24; L. 278:11.

Textual variants: Narath, Naarta and Naurath (Latin).

The location fits ‘Ain Duq better than ‘Aujah which may be Archalais and is too far away. Perhaps the synagogue a few miles from Duq is Noorath. It is another of the all Jewish cities of the Onomasticon (cf. Note on K. 22:9 and Appendix II). This site does not fit the Old Testament location archaeologically.

735. Napheth. Joshua 17:11; K. 138:1; L. 278:13.

Simple tribal listing.

The word Napheth (see K. 136:16) becomes a proper name.

736. Naalōl. Joshua 19:15; K. 138:2; L. 278:14.

Summary of biblical information (Joshua 21:35 and cf. K. 138:6).

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Naalal, they praise" (96).

737. Nakeb. Joshua 19:33; K. 138:4; L. 278:16.

Textual variant Nekem (cf. Annekem) (Greek).

Simple tribal listing.


738. Neala. Judges 1:30; K. 138:6; L. 278:18.

The Greek is closer to the MT than the LXX.

Perhaps entry is the same as K. 138:2 but falsely equated with a Transjordan Neeila, perhaps at Kh en Nile where the name is preserved.

For Batandea see K. 144:11.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Nahellel, praise, hymns" (101).

739. Nobba (Nabe or Nobba). Judges 8:11; K. 138:8; L. 278:20.

Textual variant Nomba (Greek).

Summary of biblical information confusing two sites (I Samuel 22:19). In Epistle 108:8 ( PPT I, 4) Jerome notes the tomb of those killed near Beit Nuba.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Nobe, barking" (101).

740. Nemra. Joshua 13:27; K. 138:10; L. 278:22.

This seems related to the earlier entries K. 44:16; K. 48:16 and possibly K.138:20).

The location is vague and no evidence that the Onomasticon made an identification. The Batanaea usually does not include the valley. The large village maybe in the northern region at Nimra. This item is out of order.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Namra, panther or bitterness" (183).

741. Naniōth. I Samuel 19:18; K. 138:13; L. 278:25.

Summary of biblical information.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Nuath, beauty" (104).

742. Nachōn. II Samuel 6:6; K. 138:14; L. 278:26.

Hexaplaric information. At best a personal name is indicated.

743. Naphath. I Kings 4:11; K. 138:15; L. 278:27.

Simple biblical notation. Confused again with "region" (cf. K. 136:15 and K. 138:1).

744. Nērigel. II Kings 17:30; K. 138:16; L. 278:28.

Simple biblical notation.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Nergal, lamp of the many" (117).

745. Nazeb. II Kings 17:31; K. 138:18; L. 278:30.

Simple biblical notation.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Nabaaz, he prophesied thus or futile session" (117).

746. Nasarach. II Kings 19:37; K. 138:19; L. 278:31.

Textual variant Nesareth (Latin).

Another idol not original to the Onomasticon (cf. K. 134:17; K. 146:26; K. 58:4; K. 36:15 and Appendix II).

747. Nebēreim (Nemerim). Isaiah 15:6; K. 138:20; L. 278:32.

Textual variants: Memerein, Nebērein (Greek), Bennamerim (Latin) for contemporary site.

Summary of biblical information (Jeremiah 43:34.). The wadi or waters of Nimrin. Perhaps related to K. 138:1; K. 44:16; and K. 48:16. Jerome in Commentary on Isaiah 15:6 locates it by the Dead Sea and calls it there an "oppidum" (cf. K. 10:25 and Appendix I). Tell Nimrin is Bennamareim (see Introduction).

748. Nabeōth. Isaiah 60:7; K. 138:22; L. 278:35.

Simple biblical notation. Perhaps out of limits of Holy Land. Region is an interpretation, perhaps from a marginal gloss (K. 74:9).


749. Nazareth. Matthew 2:23; K. 138:24; L. 278:37.

The Vatican manuscript does not have the "Gospel" division marker before this entry.

Textual variant for Christians in Latin is "Nazorei."

In Historia Ecclesiastica I, 7, 14 Eusebius notes that after the fall of Jerusalem the relatives of Jesus scattered throughout the countryside. It was a Jewish town in the third century. In the 4th century a few shrines were built by Christians but the Jews were dominant. A city Helenopolis was located in the general region, named after Constantine’s mother, but it is never referred to in the Onomasticon any more than the two towns named after his sister Constantia. Origen didn’t know of it. No church was built here by Constantine. First reference to a church is 355 A. D. Paula visited it but no church noted there either ( PPT I, 15). It was near Cana (K. 116:4) and Caphernaum (K. 120:2) on the itinerary of Paula. It is adequately located at en Nasireh which was in the region of Legeōn (K. 14:21).

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Nazareth, flower or his slip or of cleanness or separate or guardian." In Epistle 46 ( Migne PE 22, 49) Jerome’s etymology has "his flower."

750. Naein (Naim). Luke 7:11; K. 140:3; L. 279:41.

This name continues near Aendōr (K. 34:8). Region is not indicated. The location next is repeated by Jerome in Epistle 108:13 ( PPT I, 14) Jerome in 141:4 calls it an "oppidum" (cp. K. 10:25 and Appendix I). In Epistle 46 ( Migne PL22:49) it can be seen from Thabōr. The distance in Greek 12 miles is erroneous if present Nein is involved. The Latin has 2 miles from Thabōr points to Nein.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Naa, beauty" (111).

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