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486. Thaiman (Theman). Genesis 36:11; K. 96:18; L. 264:96.

Summary of biblical information of Job 2:11 and Genesis 25:15.

The village Thafman may be in the same region as that of the princes of Edom (cf. K. 102:7). The distance of 25 miles brings us to Shobek which is 22 miles from Petra. Often thought to be at Tawilan but recent excavation has Iron through Hellenistic remains there and no Roman-Byzantine. The southern region in Hebrew is also called Daroma (K. 26:1); Negeb (K. 136:14) (see Jerome on K. 137:15 and Interpretation of Hebrew Names 44). If this is Thamana the garrison is verified by Notitia Dignitatum (74:46). In Tabula Peutinger Theman. Perhaps the 15 and 5 of the Greek and Latin texts respectively are both scribal errors.

487. Thamna. Genesis 38:12; K. 96:24; L. 264:3.

Simple biblical note of Joshua 19:43 and 15:57

The Madaba map seems to be quoting Eusebius, "Thamna where Ioudas sheared his sheep." It is a village dependent on Diospolis (K. 8:14) and one of three villages called "great" (cf. Apbeka K. 22:20 and Magdiēl 130:21). The biblical site has been held to be Kh Tibnē bur some claim to find no Israelite remains so Tell Batashi has been suggested. Kh Tibnah which retains the name has Roman-Byzantine remains and is southeast, that is in the Southern Quadrant from Diospolis and could approximate the location on the crowded map. Others on basis of K. 8:13 and K. 24:5 suggest it is northeast of Diospolis near Remphis (K. 144:28) and Aenam (K. 9:11 etc. cp. K. 70:20 and K. 100:1). Three sites combined in one place.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thanna, forbidding or failing" (73).

488. Thamna. Genesis 36:40; K. 96:27; L. 264:6.

Biblical summary of Genesis 36:12. "Another" is out of order and a late addition.

Cf. Thaiman as a son of Esau in K. 96:19.


489. Thophol (Thafol). Deuteronomy 1:1; K. 98:2; L. n/a; Lacuna in Greek Text.

The next three entries are missing in the Vatican Manuscript. This is also the only place where the section heading records "Deuteronomy" by itself rather than all under Pentateuch, or under Numbers. Here entries from Numbers follow one from Deuteronomy and may all be an editorial insertion.

Summary of biblical information and location.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thofel, tastelessness" (88).

490. Thaath. Numbers 33:26f.; K. 98:4; L. n/a; Lacuna in Greek Text.

Simple biblical list of station (cf. K. 82:21). Missing in Vatican manuscript.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Theeth, beneath" (85).

491. Thara. Numbers 33:27f.; K. 98:5; L. n/a; Lacuna in Greek Text.

Simple biblical list of station (cf. K. 82:21). Missing in Vatican manuscript.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thare, investigation or pasture or worthlessness" (85).


492. Thaphphou (Thaffu). Joshua 12:17; K. 98:7; L. 264:10.

Simple biblical summary. Probably falsely equated with each other cf. Joshua 15:34

Cf. Bēthaphou K. 50:18. Variants Betthaffu and Bethaffu (Latin).

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thaffue, apple from a tree not from wickedness or open drum" (98).

493. Thanak (Thaanac). Joshua 12:21; K. 98:10; L. 264:14.

Summary of biblical information of Joshua 17:11, 21:25.

The Onomasticon's data agree with the biblical location of the important mound retaining its name Tell Ta’anak recently re-excavated. Byzantine city in the plain rather than on the tell (cf. K. 100:10) where it is three, not four, miles from Legeōn (K. 14:21).

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thaanach, answering or shallow" (98) and "Thanach, shallow or he answered you" (101) and "Thanach, "he answered you" (K. 113).

494. Thēnath. Joshua 16:6; K. 98:13; L. 265:16.

The direction and the distance suggest Kh Ta’na which contains part of the old name. The upper ruin is not far enough to be Eusebius’ site Thēna which is at Kh Ta’na et tahta where much Roman-Byzantine remains are found. The Old Testament site may be Kh Ta’aa el foqa. Whether this is related to Silo (K. 156:28) is unclear from Eusebius.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thenath, fig tree" (98).

In Vatican manuscript these two entries are conflated. Simple tribal listings (cp. K. 98:7 above).

495. Thaphphoue (Thaffue). Joshua 16:8, 17:8; K. 98:15; L. 265:19.

Simple tribal listings (cp. K. 98:7 above).

496. Thaphphouth (Thaffuth). Joshua 17:8; K. 98:16; L. n/a; Lacuna in Greek Text.

Simple tribal listings (cp. K. 98:7 above).

497. Thekō. Joshua 15:59; K. 98:17; L. 265:20.

Cf. K. 86:13. It is out of order of biblical texts (cf. Amos 1:1).

498. Thersa. Joshua 12:24; K. 98:19; L. 265:23.

Simple biblical notation. Order of several entries mixed up.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thersa, pleasing which is what the Greeks call satisfying" (98).

499. Therama. Joshua 18:27; K. 98:21; L. 265:25.

Simple tribal listing.

500. Thōlad. Joshua 15:30; K. 98:22; L. 265:26.

Textual variant Thōdlad (Greek).

Simple tribal listing (Joshua 19:4 and cf. K. 86:7 above). Perhaps out of order.

501. Thabōr. Joshua 19:22; K. 98:23; L. 265:27.

This mountain is out of order so is suspect as a later editorial addition even if it were a town (cf. K. 118:8 and K. 150:14). All the traditions point to the same as Mt.Itabyrium in the Greek Fathers (110:20). Jerome in Commentary on Hosea 5:1 writes, "Thabor which the LXX interprets Itaburion" a mountain in the plain in Galilaea, "very round and high with all sides equal" (cf. Joshua 19:34). There is some evidence of a late fourth century church on Mt.Tabor. Procopius 1049A quotes our text accurately. Jerome's Epistle 108:13 (Paula Migne PL 22, 889) notes that Paula could see Aermon from here. There and in Epistle 108:13 (Paula, Migne PL 22:491) Jerome remarks on the tradition of the Transfiguration. But Eusebius and Origen are not yet sure which of the two mountains is the Mt. of Transfiguration.

For Diokaisareia see K. 16:13.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thabor, coming light" (98).

502. Thalcha. Joshua 19:7; K. 98:26; L. 265:30.

Simple tribal listing together with note on contemporary Jewish town (cf. Note on K. 22:9 and Appendix II) which fits the evidence for Kh or Tell Khuweilife. In Jerome K. 99:27 one variant has "east" instead of "south," but quadrant is acceptable (cf. Sikelak, 156:1).

For Eleutheropolis see K. 18:2.

503. Thamnathsara. Joshua 19:50; K. 100:1; L. 265:33.

Summary of biblical information of Joshua 19:43. Probably equated with Thanna (K. 70:20) where the tomb is also mentioned (cf. K. 96:24).Paula remarks on "one who is buried in Thamnathsare on the north side of Mt. Gaas" in Jerome's Epistle 103:13 ( PPT I, 12). Now identified with Tibne.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thamnathsare, measure of a cover" (98) and "Thamnathares, enumeration of the sun" (101).

504. Thalassa. Joshua 18:19; K. 100:4; L. 265:36.

Out of order and not a place name but a sea and so suspect as late editorial addition. On Madaba map the three names all appear: Salt, Asphalt and Dead. In Jerome's Commentary on Ezekiel 47:6 "Bitter sea which in Greek is called AsphaltLake, i.e. pool of bitumen." Both lakes come at end of sections (cp. K. 172:12).

On Zoara see K. 42:1 above.


505. Thaanach. Judges 1:27; K. 100:7; L. 265:39.

Cf. K. 98:10 above where the distance is 4 miles. Procopius 1061A quotes this entry here accurately except for the name Thennach (cp. Judges 5:19 and Joshua 21:25).

506. Thēbēs. Judges 9:50; K. 100:11; L. 265:44.

Summary of biblical information of Judges 9:53.

A village dependent upon Neapolis (K. 4:28). In Old Testament times a "city." This is an accurate location from milestones which have been found. It is at modern Tubas.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thebes, a turning around or having an egg" (101) and "Thebes, they were in it or my deed" (109).

507. Thamnatha. Judges 14:1; K. 100:15; L. 265:49.

Textual variant Thamnam (Latin) (see above K. 96:24 and K. 100:2).


508. Thēlamou land of (Thelamuge). II Samuel 3:12; K. 100:17; L. 265:51.

Simple biblical notation with Hexaplaric information. A name only in LXX.

509. Thaad. II Samuel 24:6; K. 100:19; L. 265:53.

Only a biblical location. A confused entry (cf. K. 34:16 above).

510. Thamsa. I Kings 4:24; K. 100:20; L. 266:54.

Only a biblical location.

511. Thermōth. I Kings 9:18; K. 100:21; L. 266:55.

Biblical notation and location only. This is probably Palmyra (cf. K. 96:15).

512. Tharseis (Tharsis). I Kings 10:22; K. 100:23; L. 266:57.

This is out of the Holy Land proper (Ezekiel 27:25). Josephus Antiquities I, 6, 1 is interpreted in several of Jerome’s commentaries as referring to Tarsus in Cilicia (cf. Commentary on Jeremiah 10:6 and Commentary on Isaiah2:16). The LXX interprets it as Carthage (cf. K. 119:12), In Epistle 37:2ff. Jerome repeats his argument used here.

513. Tharsa. I Kings 15:21; K. 102:3; L. 266:61.

A confusion in LXX but here a simple biblical notation.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thersa, pleasing" (113).

514. Thersila. II Kings 15:14; K. 102:4; L. 266:62.

This is out of order and perhaps identical with K. 98:19 above as well as the previous entry K. 102:3 to which this may actually be a marginal gloss. It is located at Tsil northwest of Dera now in the Batanea (K. 44:11). The only contemporary Samaritan village reported in the text.

515. Thesba. I Kings 17:1; K. 102:6; L. 266:65.

Simple biblical notation. Elijah is also referred to in K. 162:1 and K. 175:16.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thesbi, capturing or revolving" (113).

516. Thaiman (Theman). Ezekiel 20:46; K. 102:7; L. 266:66.

An accumulation of biblical information from Ezekiel 25:13; Isaiah 21:14; Jeremiah 49:7; Obadiah 9, and Genesis 36:11. One cannot help wondering if these are editorial additions when they are so mixed up in order (cf. K.96: 18). Perhaps all Ezekiel references are late since many are out of biblical order in the text of the Onomasticon.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Theman, south" (123).

517. Tharthak. II Kings 17:31; K. 102:11; L. 266:69.

Textual variant Tharak (Greek).

Simple biblical notation.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Tharthac, overthrown which is better in the Greek, upset" (118).

518. Thalasar. II Kings 19:12; K. 102:12; L. 266:70.

Textual variant Thalassar (Latin).

Syria does not occur often in the Onomasticon. It was a Roman province in 3rd and 4th centuries but it is not clear if that entity is intended here (cf. K. 72:15, K. 146:13 and K. 146:19).

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thalasar, first weight" (118).

519. Thogarma. Ezekiel 27:14; K. 102:13; L. 266:71.

Textual variant Thourama (Greek).

Simple biblical reference but also perhaps out of the Holy Land proper and possibly out of order. A suspect entry.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Thogorma, tearing away or a certain kind of people" (133).

520. Thapheth (Thafeth). Jeremiah 7:32; K. 102:14; L. 266:72.

Textual variants: Tapheth (Greek, K. 164:21) and for the other site Acheldema (Latin) and Acheldama (Latin cf. K. 38:20).

The fuller’s field in K. 38:2. In Jerome’s Commentary on Jeremiah7:30 Topheth is the Valley of Ennom which is watered by the springs of Siloe. The name survived for a place or area in the valley southeast of Jerusalem.

In Interpretation of Hebrew Names "Tof gehenna (cf. K. 70:2), or cover of eyes" (128).

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