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James of Edessa, Chronicle.  Part 2 - Canon tables


The Chronicle of James of Edessa

p.288                                                           
                                                           
  Constantine the emperor apportioned and assigned money to the churches, and [apportioned it] also to the widows and to all who were occupied in divine service.   PERSIANS
Sapor
69 yrs
 

ROMANS
Constantine
32 yrs

 

TOTAL
YEARS

  Aithalloho,] the 19th bishop, [was] celebrated in Edessa, [and James] in Nisibis; and both of them were present [at] the [Synod of Nicaea].  — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — stood — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — —ius — — — — — emperor — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — not on account of the finding [of the cross — — ], but on account of the building — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — —    
           
                 
  Constantine [sent] letters everywhere, both to all the bishops about [the peace] of the churches, and also to Macarius, bishop of Jerusalem about the building of [the church] of our Saviour, and [ordered] the bishops, [and also ordered] Eusebius to place in order the sacred books.    

276th Olympiad 

     
      20       21       1      
      21       22       2      
      22       23       3      
       23       24       4      
     

277th Olympiad 

     
                    24       25       5      
                    25       26       6                      
                    26       27       7                      
                     27       28       8                      
                   

278th Olympiad 

                     
                    28       29       9                      
                    29       30       10                      
                    30       31       11                      
                     31       32        12                       
p.289                                                          
  — — — — — — Athanasius [returned] at [the beginning] of the reign of Constantine the younger. For <his father(?)> also, [before] he died, was ready to restore him. He sent a message also to the Alexandrines by a royal letter, in order that they might receive him.   

36th, Constantine with his brothers, [24] yrs.

   [Jul]ius [the 33rd bishop,] was appointed in the church of [Rome] for 15 years.

Maximus, the 42nd bishop, was appointed in the church of Jerusalem; His right eye had been knocked out in the heathen persecutions.

Barni was appointed to succeed Habsay as 21st bishop in Edessa (1).

 
        
     

279th Olympiad 

      
      32       33       13       
                  

13. At this [time] the Iberians also are attracted to Christianity by means of a certain Christian woman, who had gone to that country as a captive.

   
                                     
                                     
                At this time again Shabur raises a persecution against the Christians throughout his country, and in it many are martyred for Christ's sake.

Shabur goes up to make war against Nisibis, and he returns from it in shame through the prayers of James the bishop; and immediately he goes in wrath and carries off captives from the whole of the land between [the rivers] and devastates it in the year [649].

                   
                  [At] this time time this Synod was assembled (2).  
                                   
                                   
                                   
                                                           
p.290 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —  — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — —  — — — —   
 

[But, since Eu]stathius, bishop of Antioch, had been sent into] exile in the lifetime of the elder Con[stantine, the ortho]dox ordain in place of Eustathius P[aulinus], while [the Arians] appointed Eulalius: and, when he [lived] but a short time, they put [Euphro]nius in his place: and, when [he] also did not [live long], Flacciltelas(3) was appointed by the A[rians] to succeed him, [and after] his death they ordain Stephen. And the Arians occupied all the churches of Antioch, while Paulinus [had] only [one] little one.

[Now] in Constantinople, after Alexander fell asleep, who ruled the church 23 years, the orth[odox] ordain Paul, and the Arians Macedonius: [and, when] Paul was driven out by [the Arians], Macedonius came in — — — — — — — — — — — — he brought Eusebius from [Nikomedeia — — — ] and rejected both of them.

 
   
   
   
1)  Michael (fol. 86 r) mentions these bishops, but not the Edessa Chronicle or Gregory, in both of which authorities Abraham is the immediate successor of Aithalloho. In the list of bishops in Mich. fol. 415r the succession is Aithalloho, Abraham, Eulogius, Rabbulo, Aithalloho, Habsi, Barni, Abraham, Barse, Eulogius.

2)  Possibly the Synod of Tyre is meant. The imperfect notice shows that our MS did not contain the full chronicle of James.

3)  Flaccilus or Placitus; the two names seem to have been confused by the Syriac writers.

p.291

A synod [at Antioch], and it performed the dedication.  

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
               

Sapor

 

Constantius

                 
Constantius 1) the emperor [inclined] to the opinion of the Arians, [and] through him [they did] whatever [they wished].     33       2       14     When James, bishop of Nisibis, died, Walgash was appointed to succeed him.
    34       3       15                        
Athanas[ius] is immediately banished for the second time; and he fled and went to Julius at Rome; and with him [was] Constans the emperor, who [assembled] a synod at Serdica in the matter of Athanasius. And [two] bishops are sent by Constans from Rome to Antioch [to] Constantius, [Euphratas] and Vincent: and [Stephen prepared] a plot [against them.] 2)      35             16     At this time Antony the hermit was celebrated for asceticism. 
    Constantine, the eldest emperor, died, when he had reigned 3 years.                        
                           
   

280th Olympiad 

                       
    36       5       17                        
     37             18                        
                                                           
                                                           
p.292  — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —  — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — —  — — — —   
  [When Constans had reigned for 6 years at Rome, and also his nephew [Constant]ine the younger, the son [of his brother Constantine had reigned] for 3 years, they are both killed [by the soldiers] by the advice of Magnentius and Bretanio, while [Nepotian] also, who was of the royal family [and] had assumed the sovereignty in Rome, [is killed by the soldiers of] Magnentius. Magnentius accordingly [was in possession of] (3) the whole of Italy and Africa, while Bretanio (4) [was] proclaimed [at Si]rmium. 

But Constantius the emperor, when [he heard of] all these things, marched hastily against the usurpers, and when he had fought and [overcame] them [he ruled] alone.

 
   
   
1) Ms. = Constantinus.  2) Supplemented from Michael the Syrian. 3) This is the sense required.   4) Vetranio.
               

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
               

Sapor

 

Constantius

                 
Constantine 1) makes war with the Franks and overcomes them. And the same year there were many earthquakes in the East, and especially at Antioch, throughout the year.     38       7       19     [A]thanas[ius is banished for the 3rd time, and] the Arians ordain George, [a man of] their [opinions, to succeed him] at Alexandria.
    39       8       20    
   

281st Olympiad 

   
p.293 The year 660 of the Greeks. This year Constantius built the city of Amida between the rivers; and the same year the Romans fought a battle with the Persians by night.     40       9       21                        
    41       10       22     [There are some] who say that in the year [6]58 of the Greeks the city of Amida was built.
    42       11       23    
     44       12       24    
                 

282nd Olympiad 

                       
A synod is held at Milan about the faith and about Athanasius; and they hold to the holy definition of faith drawn up at Nikaia and acquit Athanasius.

p.294 This year, the 15th [of C]onsta[n]t[ius], was the battle between Constantius and Ma[g]nentius.

    44       13       25     Liberius, the 34th bishop, was appointed in the church [of] the Romans for 7 years.  Ephraim, the Syrian doctor, was distinguished at Nisibis at this time.  [The city of] Tella between the rivers was built and was called [Cons]tant[ia], which [was] formerly called [Antipolis].  

[Liberius, bishop] of Rome, is sent into exile — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

    45       14       26    
     46       15        27     
                         
                                                           
               

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     

Magnentius killed himself, and Decentius his brother was strangled.
Constant[ius] gives orders, and Gallus the Caesar is put to death in the year 666.

Constantius makes Julian, the brother of Gallus, Caesar in the year 667.

Sapor

 

Constantius

                       
  47       16       28                        
 

283rd Olympiad 

                       
  48       17       29     Da[masus], the 35th bishop, [was appointed] in the church of the Romans for 19 years.
Leontius of Antioch died, and immediately Eudoxius of Germanicia seizes the see of that city.    49       18       30    
  50       19       31     [In this time Abraham Qidunaya followed the ascetic life]. 2 
                   51       20       32    
At this time Apollinaris was notable. 1     

284th Olympiad 

                       
— — — — — — — — — — — — — — —     52       21       33                        
                  53       22       34                        
                  54       23       35                        
                   55       24       36                        
p.295

Upon the death of Arseni[u]s, whom the Arians appointed in Jerusalem, [who] was the 44th bishop, Herakleios, an Arian, succeeded as the 45th, and after him Hilarion, the 46th.

At this time Aetius, who was the teacher of Eunomius, was distinguished.

Julian the Caesar rebels against the emperor Constantius; and, when the emperor heard of the rebellion of Julian, he went out from Antioch to march against him and died in Cilicia.

When Eudoxius was expelled from Antioch, he expelled Macedonius from Constantinople and occupied the church there. Afterwards the Arians appoint Meletius to succeed Eudoxius at Antioch. When then Meletius did not teach in accordance with the opinion of the Arians, they expel him and appoint Euzoius in his place; but he was appointed in the church of the orthodox in the city. And some of the orthodox, avoiding the communion of Meletius, appointed [Paulinu]s, an old man, to be their bishop [by the instrumentality of Lucifer], because of what has already previously [been stated] above [that he was appointed to succeed Eus]tathius.

 
1) Supplemented from Michael the Syrian.  2) From the Chronicle of Edessa and Michael the Syrian
               

PERSIANS 

 37th of the ROMANS

TOTAL
YEARS

  At [this] time Eusebius [bishop of Samosata] was celebrated — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —   
               

Sapor

Julian [for 1 year 7 months]

   
                 

285th Olympiad 

                       
                  56       1       37                        
                   57       2       38                        
p.296   Upon the death of Julian they appoint Jovian [emperor] over them. He, making amity and peace [with Sapor, gave] him Nisibis.  
               

PERSIANS 

 38th of the ROMANS

TOTAL
YEARS

  Athanasius returns to Alexandria from his fourth exile and occupies the see for 6 years.
Jovian after reigning 7 months only, died in Bithynia.
And when Eunomius had been expelled, he separated himself from the Arians then they became two parties.

There was a great earthquake; and there was a synod of bishops [at L]ampsacus in the 7th year [after] that of Seleucia.

 
               

Sapor

Jovian [for 7 months]

   
                  58       1       39      
[The] anger of God happens at Alexandria. 1   

39th Valentinus with Valens 
his brother and Gratian, for 14 years
 

   
       

 

         

680th year of the Greeks 

There was     59       1       40      
a great earthquake and Nicaea fell, in the     

286th Olympiad 

     
[p.297] month of Tesrin I, on the 11th day.  And in that year there was another earthquake.(2)     60       2       41     Procopius the tyrant died in the 2nd year of the emperors.  
    61       3       42                        
                  62       4       43     There is a great and marvellous hail in Constantinople.  
                   63       5       44     Gratian became emperor on the 24th [of] August in the 3rd [year] of the emperors.
One synod is assembled [ in] Illyricum, and another at Rome, [ and] they confirm the confession of the consubstantiality.
                 

287th Olympiad 

   
               

The emperors write to the bishops of Asia and to all the bishops of the diocese of the East, and they confirm the confession and faith of Nicaea.

 
                                     
                                       
[Eudoxius died] in the 3rd [year] of the two emperors, which is [the year 678 of the Greeks, and] the Arians [ordained] D[em]ophilos. (3)    
1) This event relates to year 40 of the Chronicle.
2) This event relates to year 41.
3) It is hard to see how this sentence can be filled up except as above; but either some unusual expression was used or there is a copyist's error. Eudoxius did not in fact die until 370, the 6th year of Valentinian and Valens: cf. also ann. 45 (370), where Eudoxius is represented apparently as still alive.
p.298 Valens went out against the barbarians, who had crossed the river Istros; and he fought and overcame them, and expelled them from the land of the Romans. Further also, when he made peace with them, he put constraint upon them, and all the Goths became Arians by the advice of the impious Eudoxius.

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     

Sapor

 

Valens

     — — — — — — — — — —  — — — — — — — — — — were deceived [ — — by Eudoxius] the impious  — — and accepted [the opinion] of the Arians.  
  64       6       45      
   65             46                        
After Athanasiu[s] had served the bishopric 4[6] years, and had made 28[4] bishops, and had been sent into exile [p.299] five times, he fell asleep piously on the 2nd of Iyar; and after him Peter, the 20th bishop, was appointed in the church of the Alexandr[ines] for 7 years.     66       8       47     [Valen]s [makes] a persecution against the orthodox and sends many bishops into exile. Athanasius the combatant also is expelled from his church for the 5th time, and the Arians ordain Lucius in his place, whom the Samosatenes expelled from their city.  
     67             48      
   

288th Olympiad 

     
    68       10       49      
     69       11       50                        
The orthodox are expelled from the church of the Edess[enes] by the Arians, and Bar[se] the bishop is also [sent] into exile.  

10th Ardashir son of 
Sapor, for 3 years and 8 months
 

                     
                       

The blessed my lord Ephraim, having been celebrated in Edessa up to this time, died in the year 684 of the Greeks on the 9th of June.

    1       12       51     At this time Gregory, hishop of Nazianzos, is established in Constantinople by the orthodox bishops to look after the believers there; for he was celebrated at that time, as were Basil of Caesarea, and Gregory of Nyssa and Peter of Sebasteia, the brothers of Basil.  
 

Valentinian died after a reign of 12 years, and Gratian his son ruled after him, who had also been made αὐτοκράτωρ in his father's lifetime at Rome.

   
At this [time] Libanius the s[ophist] was distinguished at Antioch. 
And [at] Alexandria] Didymos, [a blind man], was celebrated as an expounder of the Scriptures and of the authors. 
In the same Antioch also Afrahat the monk too was celebrated for asceticism, who also reproved Valens.
     
     
    2       13       52                        
   
                                             
The Arabs rise up against the land of the Romans [— — — and] a woman, [whose name was Mu`awiya,] reigned over them. — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — they made peace — — — — — — cleverness — — — — — — — —
p. 300 [Valens] gave [license to the pagans] to sacrifice [at Antioch, and also to the Jews] that they might govern themselves according — — —. Only against the orthodox he stirred up a persecution, allowing the Arians to do with them whatever they pleased. For this reason therefore, when he was in Nicomedia, he gave orders that some presbyters, [who] had come to him from Byzantium [to] accuse the Arians, should be burnt with the ship [on which] they had come in the midst of the sea; and in fact they were burnt.  

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
 

Ardashir

 

Valens

                       
   

289th Olympiad 

                       
    3       14       53                        
                                             
  Isaac the monk, who was celebrated at this time, was distinguished in Constantinople; who reproved Valens, when he went out to fight with the Goths and Avars(?) and was killed there. For, when [the Romans] were defeated [and] fled, the barbar[ians] found him [in a village] and burnt him with fire together with it. [As] they said (?), when his brother was alive, [and he asked him for help] against the ba[r]barians, [he said, "It is not lawful to] help a man who fights with God".   
   
   
                                             
p.301               

 40th, Theodosius, for 16 years and 8 months 

                     
Year 690 of the Greeks.     4       1       54    

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

 

               

11th Sapor, for 4 years and 4 months 

 
                  1       2       55    
                  2       3       56    
                 

290th Olympiad 

   
The city of Rhesaina between the rivers was built.     3       4       57    
                         
                                       
p.302                                                           

[In the year 69]1 of the Greeks, which is the 4th year of Theodosius1), [he assembled a synod of bish]ops in the royal city of Constantinople, who] anathematized Macedonius, the fighter against the Spirit, and those who shared his [opinions]. 

When the synod met, it dismissed Gregory, that he might go to Nazianzos, and appointed Nectarius 6th bishop there.

 

 
 
 
 
1)  According to the canon of James AS 691 (380) is the 2nd year of Theodosius. The error is perhaps due to a confusion between two authorities, since the Chronicle of Edessa places the synod in AS 693. The year 58, to which the notice seems to be assigned, answers to the 5th of Theodosius; but, as the notice is at the top of a page, we should perhaps refer it to the last year on the preceding page, i. e., 57 = the 4th of Theodosius.
               

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
               

Sapor

 

Theodosius

                       

Upon the death of Meletius the great in the Synod Flavian is appointed in his place as 33rd bishop in the church of Antioch.

Arcadius was proclaimed emperor by his father.

The other orthodox party in Antioch [after] Paulinus appoint [Evagrius] bish[op] over them.

    4       5       58     At this time were celebrated the bishops Amphilochius of Iconium, Ambrose of [M]ilan, [Op]timus of Antioch in Pisidia, and Diodoros of Tarsos.
 

12th, Warahran Garmanshah, son of Sapor the great, brother of Ardashir and Sapor who were before him, for ten years and 11 months.

 
   
                       
    Theophilus was appointed 22nd bishop in Alexandria for 27 years.
    1       6       59    
p.303                  2       7       60     Cyrus was appointed 25th bishop in Edessa.
— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —    

291st Olympiad 

                       
                  3       8       61                        
                  4       9       62                        
                  5       10       63                        
                   6       11       64     Year 700 of the Greeks.  
                 

292nd Olympiad 

                       
                  7       12       65                        
                  8       13       66                        
                  9       14       67      
               

The Emperor Valentinian died and Eugenius rebelled. 

                     

 — — — — — — — of Theophilus the bishop — — — — — showed intense eagerness to — — — — Constantinople.

                                                           
p.304               

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
               

Warahran

 

Theodosius

                       

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — at Antioch — — — — — — — — — — 

    10       15       68                        
   

293rd Olympiad 

                       
[John] the ascetic was distinguished at this time in Egypt; to [whom] Theodosius [sent] — — — — — — — — — — — — — usurper — — — — — but — — — — — — — — and victory — — — and [his] death — — — — — .  But, when he was ready to march, he proclaimed [his] son Honor[ius] emperor.

Anastasius was appointed 37th bishop in the church of Rome.

    11       16       69                        
 

Theodosius marched against Eugenius the tyrant: and, when they joined battle, the tyrant was defeated and killed in the 3rd consulship of Arcadius and the 2nd of Honorius.

                     
                       
                       
                       
                                             
p.305               

13th Yezdigerd son of Sapor 
for 21 years.
 

                     
                  1       17       70     [Theodos]ius died, [and Arcad]ius [and Honorius reigned after] him, [Arcadius] at Constantinople, [and Honorius at Rome.] 
               

41st reigned Arcadius with Honorius 
for 13 years.
 

 
                 
                                                           
Arbogast killed himself — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —                  
                                                           
p.306               

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
               

Yezdegerd

 

Arcadius

                       
[Upon the death of Nectarius John, who was called] Ch[rysostom, was appointed 5th  bishop in Constantinople, who was brought] from Antioch to [Constantinople].     2       1      

71

                       
    3       2      

72

   

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — [and Sisinn]ius,  — — — — — — — a learned man, was distinguished at [this] time.

   

294th Olympiad 

   
    4       3       73    
                  5       4      

74

                       
                  6       5      

75

                       
                  7       6      

76

                       
                 

295th Olympiad 

                       

[Gainas] the Goth raised a rebellion against Arcadius; and [on fighting taking place he was defeated] in the consulship. of Stilicho and Aurelian, or, [as some] say, in the following consulship.  [At this time] some monks are sent by John to Phoenicia by the emperor's [orders] to destroy the temples of the heathen and to break in pieces the idols and graven images. 

p.307                 8       7      

77

                       
Theodore, [bishop] of M[opsuestia, a city] in C[ilicia], was distinguished at this time as an expounder of the Scriptures — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

In Edessa, [after the death of Peqida Diogenius was appointed 28th bishop].

    9       8      

78

                       
 

Accusations are made against John the bishop, and he is sent into exile, and Arsacius is appointed to succeed him there as 6th bishop. Then [after] John's deposition the dioceses of east [and west] are in schism.

                     
    — — — — — — — — — — — — — —    legation
— — — — — — — — — — — —  of the Romans
— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —
   
   
*  p.308               * 10       9      

79

   
                  11       10      

80

   
                 

296th Olympiad 

                       
                                                           
                                                           
               

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
               

Yezdegerd

 

Arcadius

                       
                  12       11      

81

                       
                  13       12      

82

                       
                  14       13      

83

                       
                 

42nd Theodosius, for 42 years 

                       
                  15       1       84                        
                 

297th Olympiad 

                       
                  16       2       85                        
                  17       3      

86

                       
                  18       4      

87

                       
                  19       5      

88

                       
                 

298th Olympiad 

                       
                  20       6       89                        
                  21       7      

90

                       
                 

14th Warahan, son of Yezdegerd, for 22 years 

                       
                  1       8       91                        
                  2       9      

92

                       
                 

299th Olympiad 

                       
                  3       10       93                        
                  4       11      

94

                       
                  5       12      

95

                       
                  6       13      

96

                       

— — — — — — — — — — — — also — — — And 1, when they were drawn up in battle array [the Persians were conquered, and seven generals of the Persians] 2 were killed by Ardabu[riu]s, the Roman general, [and by Areobindus and Bitia]nus, the Roman generals. The Saracens also were drowned in the Euphrates [who came to the help for the Persians] 3 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 

1) For this year see the Chronicle of Marcellinus for 421, and the Chronicon Paschale p. 579. 2) Supplemented from Michael the Syrian.  3) Supplemented from Socrates Scholasticus.
               

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
               

Warahran

 

Theodosius

                       
                 

300th Olympiad 

                       
                  7       14       97                        
                  8       15      

98

                       
                  9       16      

99

                       
                  10       17      

100

                       
                 

301st Olympiad 

                       
                  11       18       101                        
                  12       19      

102

                       
                  13       20      

103

                       
                  14       21      

104

                       
                 

302nd Olympiad 

                       
                  15       22       105                        
                  16       23      

106

                       
                  17       24      

107

                       
                  18       25      

108

                       
                 

303rd Olympiad 

                       
                  19       26       109                        
                  20       27      

110

                       
                  21       28      

111

                       
                                                           
               

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
               

Warahran

 

Theodosius

                       
                  22       29       112                        
 * p. 309              

* 15th Yezdegerd, son of Warahan, for 19 years 

                       
                 

304th Olympiad 

                       
                  1       30       113     Dioskoros was appointed 24th bishop in the church of Alexandria for 8 years.  
                  2       31      

114

     
                  3       32      

115

    Leo was appointed 43rd bishop in the church of Rome for 21 years.  
                  4       33      

116

     
                 

305th Olympiad 

                       
                  5       34       117                        
                  6       35      

118

                       
                  7       36      

119

                       
                  8       37      

120

                       
                 

306th Olympiad 

                       
                  9       38       121                        
                  10       39      

122

                       
                  11       40      

123

                       
                  12       41      

124

                       
p.310                                                          
— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —  and of the monk Barsauma.
Upon the expulsion of Domnos and Hibo Nonnos was appointed in Edessa, and in Antioch Maximus, the 41st bishop.  

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
 

Yezdegerd

 

Theodosius

                       
   

307th Olympiad 

                       
In Constantinople Anatolius was appointed 13th bishop.     13       42       125                        
   

43rd Marcian, for 6 years and 6 months 

                       
At this time  — — — — — — — — — — — — —     14       1       126                        
— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —     15       2      

127

 (1)                      
— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —  
— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —  
                  16       3       128                        
                 

308th Olympiad 

                       
                  17       4       129                        
                  18       5      

130

                       
                  19       6      

131

                       
                 

16th Piruz (son of Yezdegerd) 2 for 27 years 

                       
                 

44th Leo for 18 years  

                       
                                                           
 1) From here to 152 added by the editor.     2) Missing from Michael.  

p. 311.

 

— — — — — — — — way — — — fervent, shunning [the communion] of the bishops who had swerved from [the faith], those of Jerusalem [appointed Theodosiu]s [in place of Juvenal], while those of Alexandria [appointed Timothy in place of Proterius]. In like manner also in many places — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —. But the bishops who had swerved from [the faith, since] they were [not accepted] by the churches, and they would not endure their [communion], not considering their folly, — — —  — — —  — — — [out of] desire of power made use of worldly authorities and [the sword of tyranny — — — — ] to get possession of churches and sees [and the flock — — — — which] was purchased with the blood of Christ. — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

 
 
 
               

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
               

Piruz

 

Leo

                       
                  1       1       132                        
                 

309th Olympiad 

                       
                  2       2       133                        
                  3       3      

134

                       
                  4       4      

135

                       
                  5       5      

136

                       
                 

310th Olympiad 

                       
                  6       6       137                        
                  7       7      

138

                       
                                                           
 

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

     

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

       
 

Piruz

 

Leo

       

Piruz

 

Leo

         
    8       8      

139

         

313th Olympiad 

         
    9       9      

140

          18       18       149          
   

311th Olympiad 

         

45th Leo the less, for 1 year 

         
    10       10       141           19       1       150          
    11       11      

142

         

46th Zeno, for 16 years 

         
    12       12      

143

          20       1       151          
    13       13      

144

         

 

Basilicus usurped the imperium, and he and his son Marcus reigned for two years.

 

 

 

 

     
   

312th Olympiad 

             
    14       14       145          

314th Olympiad 

         
    15       15      

146

          21       2      

152

         
    16       16      

147

                                     
    17       17      

148

                                     
p.312                                                          
— — — — — — — — — — — — — —

patrician — — — — — — — — — —

his son —  —  — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — —

   

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
   

Piruz

 

Zeno

                       
      22       3       153     — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 1) — — — — And after a short time [Peter was expelled], and after him Calandion, a Nestorian, was 45th bishop. In Alexandria, on the death of [Timothy] Salofaciolus 2) Peter, [who is called] Mongos, [succeeded him as] 26th [bishop. But,] when [Zeno heard of it,] Peter is expelled [after a] short [time] from Alexandria, and Salofaciolus [ took his place.] In Jerusalem Martyrius was appointed 52nd [bishop].  
      23       4      

154

     
      24       5      

155

     
                  25       6      

156

     
                 

315th Olympiad 

     
                  26       7       157      
                  27       8      

158

     
                 

17th Valash (son of Yezdegerd)  for 4 years 

     
                  1       9       159      
                  2       10      

160

     
                 

316th Olympiad 

     
                  3       11       161      
                  4       12      

162

     
                 

18th Qawad son of Piruz  for 11 years 

     
                  1       13       163      
                  2       14      

164

                       
                 

317th Olympiad 

                       
p.313 — — — — — — — — — — —       3       15       165                        
— — Calandion of Antioch [was] also an accomplice. For this reason, when after 3 years these men had      4       16      

166

   

Sallustius [was appointed] 53rd [bishop] in Jerusalem.

   

47th Anastasius the Silentiary  for 27 years 

                       
been overcome by Zeno, Calandion also was expelled from Antioch, and Peter came in again by the emperor's orders.                        

Leontius and Illous are taken and killed.

                 

Theoderic came as far as Rhegion Malanthiodes(?), and he went on and passed into Thrace; and he burnt and destroyed much property and withdrew.

Theoderic the usurper entered Rome; and Arcadius (3) the Anti-Caesar, who had been appointed there by Zeno, fled before him to Ravenna; and [he carried off captives from the whole area of Italy.

 Zenon gave orders, and Pelagius 4) was strangled — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

1)  In this lacuna is a fragment containing the name of Kalandion, and another containing the name of Patrick or 'patrician'.   2)  Clearly an error for Timothy Aelurus. Chron. Edess. LXVIII. 'Dion.' (Rev. de l'Or. Chret. 1897).   3) Actually Odoacer.    4) Bishop of Crete.

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

fled — — — — — — — — — — — — —

 

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
 

Qawad

 

Anastasius

    Upon the death of [Palladius Flavian was appointed 47th bishop] in Antioch.  
    5       1       167      
    6       2      

168

   

[In Alexandria John was appointed] 28th bishop.

   

318th Olympiad 

                       
                  7       3       169                        
Euphemius having been expelled from Constantinople, [after him as 18th bishop was Macedonius. (3) — — — — — — — — — —      8       4      

170

                       
    9       5      

171

                       
— — — — — — — — — — — — sedition     10       6      

172

                       
 —— — — — — — — of the Isaurians  — — —    

319th Olympiad 

                       
The payment of gold (4) [was remitted] to the workmen [throughout the land] of the Romans. [A large number of locusts], came, but [did] not [do much damage.       11       7       173                        
   

 

Zamasph, brother of 
Qawad, revolted and reigned 
2 years.
 

 

 

                     
                   
There was] a great earthquake, [and the hot spring of Abarne] was dried up [for three days.]     1       8       174                        
    2       9      

175

                       
* p.315               

 

* Qawad killed his brother and reigned 
30 years.
 

 

 

                     
                                 
      1       10       176                        

[A comet] appeared.

   

320th Olympiad 

                       

A large number of locusts [damaged] all the crops, and [there was] a severe famine throughout the land between the rivers.

    2       11       177                        
    3       12      

178

                       
                                             
A great fire appeared in the northern quarter and burned throughout the night. And immediately after a short time the Huns went out and made war with the Persians.
Kawad came from Armenia [and encamped against] the city of Amida between the rivers, [and, when] he had taken it, he massacred within [it] eighty thousand men.

3) The fragment that follows refers to the rebellion of the Isaurians.  (4) The Chrysargyrum.

P. 316.       Qawad came against Edessa, which he was unable to attack — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — — — — —
[Five] Roman [generals] are sent out; and they fought [against Nisibis] and could not take it. For this reason Dara is built on the frontier of the Romans.  

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

  Anastasius was appointed 48th bishop in the church of Rome.  
 

Qawad

 

Anastasius

     
    4       13       179     Elias was appointed 54th bishop in the church of Jerusalem.
John was appointed 29th bishop in the church of Alexandria for 11 years.
 
    5       14      

180

     
                 

321st Olympiad 

     
Year 820
of the Greeks
 
    6       15       181     Simeon, bishop of Beth Arsham, was celebrated in prison at this time.  
    7       16      

182

     
The emperor gives orders [to open the coffin] of the martyr Euphe[mia and bring out] from there the ordinance laid down by the Synod [ of Chalcedon] and burn it.     8       17      

183

                       
    9       18      

184

                       
   

322nd Olympiad 

                       
    10       19       185     Paul was appointed 34th bishop in Edessa.  
Vitalian rebelled [against the emperor]; and, when H[ypatius] went against him, he was defeated and taken prisoner by him.     11       20      

186

                       
    12       21      

187

   

When Macedonius was banished from Constantinople, Timothy took his place as 19th bishop.
And in Antioch, when Flavian was banished, Severus was appointed 48th bishop.

    13       22      

188

   

Dioscorus was appointed 30th bishop in Alexandria for [ 3] years.

   

323rd Olympiad 

                       
    14       23       189                        

Anastasius died 
on [the 9th] 
of tammuz (1).

A great and terrible comet appeared in the East.

    15       24      

190

                       
    16       25      

191

                       
Elijah was banished from Jerusalem, and John was appointed 55th bishop.     17       26      

192

    Symmachos was appointed 49th bishop in Rome for 6 years.
         

324th Olympiad 

   
John was appointed 20th bishop in Constantinople, while in Rome Hormisdas was appointed 50th bishop.     18       27       193                        
   

48th Justin for 9 years 

                       
When Justin became emperor, [he accepted] the synod of Chalcedon; and Severus [withdrew] from Antioch, and Paul the Jew [was appointed 49th] bishop there. [And after] one year they banished him; and Euphrasius [was appointed] 50th bishop.     19       1       194                        
    20       2      

195

                       
 

In the first year of Justin, Vitalian, after being reconciled, was killed, he and Paul the notary and Celerian his domestic.

   
     
 

In the 2nd year of Justin John, bishop of Constantinople, died, and [Epiphanius] took his place [as 21st bishop].

 

   
Amantius the provost and Theocritus and Andrew the chamberlain were put to death, because they tried to prevent the proclamation [of the Synod of Chalcedon].

 

     
                                             
                                             
                                             
(1) July.

p. 318.

There went out an order [from the emperor to] the soldiers that they should all assent [to the Synod] of Chalcedon: and in fact they assented.
[Corinth] was overthrown by an earthquake (3).
The Homerites were martyred in the town of Nigron.
There was a flood in Edessa.
 

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

  [Paul assembled the bish]ops [of Syria and restored to] their churches [all those who] accepted the Synod of Chalcedon.
 

Qawad

 

Justin

   
    21       3       196     [Asclepius] was appointed [35th] bishop in Edessa.
John was appointed 51st bishop in Rome; after him as the 52nd bishop was Felix.    

325th Olympiad 

    [Timothy was appointed 31st] bishop [in Alexandria for 17 years.
    22       4       197    
Antioch and Seleucia were overthrown in an earthquake.   A cross of light appeared in the sky in the northern quarter, and the church of Antioch was burnt.     23       5      

198

                       
    24       6      

199

    [In Jerusalem Macarius was appointed] 56th bishop; after him was [Peter, the 57th bishop] (1).
The Persians and Saracens came as far as the districts of Antioch and Apameia.     25       7      

200

   
   

326th Olympiad 

                       
                  26       8       201     Ephraim was appointed 51st bishop in Antioch.
There was a riot in Constantinople, and the church was burned, and Hypatius was put to death.     27       9      

202

    Anthimos was appointed 22nd bishop in Constantinople. 
   

49th Justinian for 38 years

    Andrew was appointed 36th bishop in Edessa.
The Persians came to the land between the rivers and fought against Martyropolis, and they laid many places waste and carried off captives from them.     28       1       203                        
    29       2      

204

    Addai was appointed 37th bishop in Edessa.
   

327th Olympiad 

    In Rome Bonofatius was appointed 53rd bishop; and, when he soon died, John entered upon the see, the predecessor of Felix, of whom it was previously stated that he had been expelled (2): and after [surviving] a short time he died, [and] Agapetus became 54th bishop.
The Huns went out and carried off captives and devastated as far as the districts of Antioch.  Rufinus and Hermogenes, the master of the offices, were sent by Justinian to Khosru; and he made peace for 7 years.     30       3       205    
   

18th (3) Khosrau son of Qawad, for 47 years

   
    1       4       206                        
The Samaritans rebelled and set up a chief for themselves; and the Romans came and massacred them.     2       5      

207

    [And] Justinian assembled before him the expelled bishops; and Severus came to him with many others, and they speak about the peace of the churches: and they did not effect anything, because Agapetus prevented it.
    3       6      

208

   
   

328th Olympiad 

   

Belisarius the general went and took Carthage and brought the usurper, who had rebelled there, prisoner; and with him came also Agapetus of Rome and died in Constantinople; and Silverius took his place in Rome as 55th bishop.

 

    4       7       209    
    5       8      

210

                       
    6       9      

211

                       
    7       10      

212

                       
                 

329th Olympiad 

                       
                  8       11       213     Upon the departure of Anthimus Menas was appointed 23rd bishop in Constantinople.
                  9       12      

214

   

The orthodox in Alexandria are divided; some [ordain Gaianus, and others] Theodosius, the 32nd bishop: who when he had ministered for 2 years [was expelled — — — —].

 
 
(1) James has transposed these two bishops.  (2)  The succession of John and Felix is mentioned in the opposite column of the same page in the MS (see p. 263), but nothing is there stated as to John being expelled, which shows that our MS is only an epitome of the work of James.  (3)  Evagrius (4. 8) also places the earthquake of Corinth in the reign of Justin. 'Dionysios' places it in AS 841.

p.320:

There was a hard and severe persecution in the land between the rivers, and upon all those who would not consent to communicate with the Synod of Chalcedon: and all the monks were expelled from their cloisters and lived in the open air in the frost; and the winter happened to be a hard one with much frost and snow, so that many men and animals died in it.

Ephraim assembled a synod of 132 bishops in Antioch and anathematized the Synod: and there was a severe persecution in Amida, and many were killed.
The peace between the kingdoms was broken; and the same, year in Kanun 1) there was a great comet in the evening for 40 days; and then in the same year, [which is the year 850] of the Greeks, Khosru went up [and carried off captives from] Soura and Berrhoia and Ant[ioch] and Apameia and their territories. And the Romans [also] carried off captives from the lands of the K[urds] and the Arzanenians and the Arabs.  

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

  Severus died. Vigilius was appointed 56th bishop in Rome.  John Philoponus was celebrated in Alexandria at this time. Zoilus was banished from Alexandria, and Apollinarius was appointed.
 

Khosrau

 

Justinian

   
    10       13       215    
    11       14      

216

                       
   

330th Olympiad 

                       
    12       15       217     And after Ephraim Domninus becomes 52nd bishop in Antioch.
    13       16      

218

    Mark became 58th bishop in Jerusalem.
Khosrau went up and carried off captives from Callinicus and the whole of the southern portion of the land between the rivers.     14       17      

219

                       
    15       18      

220

    Two bishops are now ordained in the East by those who did not assent to the Synod of Chalcedon, James and Theodore, because their bishops had failed on account of the persecution of the Chalcedonians.
   

331st Olympiad 

   
There was a great pestilence [throughout] the earth, which began in Ethiopia [above] Egypt in the year 853 of the Greeks, while in the year 854 it spread over the whole district of the East.     16       19       221    
    17       20      

222

   
    18       21      

223

   
The Romans went down [with an army] and destroyed much property in the country [of the Persians].     19       22      

224

   
   

332nd Olympiad 

                       
                  20       23       225     Eutychos was appointed 24th bishop in Constantinople.
Khosru again went and took Petra, a city in Lazica, and placed a garrison there.     21       24      

226

                       
    22       25      

227

   

Amazon was appointed 38th bishop in Edessa.

There was a pestilence among oxen throughout the countries of the East for 2 years, so much so that the fields were left uncultivated for lack of oxen.

In the 25th year of the reign of Justinian the emperor the bishops were assembled in Constantinople, and the synod was held which is called [the fifth Synod: and] he commanded them, and they anathematized Theodoret and Theodore and Hibo and their writings.

Khosru went and fought against Edessa and carried off captives from Batnai. 
And thenceforward it happened that the Romans fought against it for [a time; and after] 7 years they defeated the Persians and took it from [them] (2).
 
 
 
There was a great famine and scarcity throughout the district of the East; and all this was so severe that, though many ate men, they could not satisfy themselves.  
 
Theodora the empress died.  Theo[dosius] and Anthimos and  Year 860 of the Greeks  
many archimandrites were summoned to Constantinople by the emperor [concerning] the peace of the churches.

The barbarians took [Rome and] utterly destroyed it; [and ???] fled from it [to Constantinople — — — — — — — — — — — — — peace — — — —

                                                           
(1) December or January. (2) The MS is here out of order, since it is clear that this statement applies not to Edessa, which was never taken by the Persians, but to Petra, and so it in fact appears in Michael the Syrian, who follows the same authority as James.
               

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

  The emperor commanded that the monks who had been driven away should return to their cloisters.
               

Khosrau

 

Justinian

   
                  23       26       228     At this time [arose] the heresy of the Agnoetes.
                 

333rd Olympiad 

    Pelagius was appointed 57th bishop in Rome.
There appeared fire in the sky in the North for several days. In this way it also appeared like a terrible comet.     24       27       229     When the persecution of the believers in the East had ceased a little, [they ordained] for themselves as archbishop in place of Severus a man of Thello called Sergius of the [archive-]house; and he soon died.
    25       28      

230

   
    26       29      

231

   
There was an assembly of many monks from the East before the emperor concerning the peace of the churches; and with them went up also James the bishop.     27       30      

232

   
   

334th Olympiad 

                       
    28       31       233     In Jerusalem Eustathius was appointed 59th bishop.
    29       32      

234

                       
                  30       33      

235

    John was appointed 39th bishop in Edessa (1).
The heresy of the Tritheites arose at this time.  Those evil things which were done among men by Photius the monk.     31       34      

236

    John was appointed 58th bishop in Rome.
   

335th Olympiad 

    In Antioch Anastasius was appointed 53rd bishop.
The emperor drew up an edict concerning the faith, and ordered that no one should stir up any question about the faith at all, but that everyone should believe in accordance with the edict, and those who did not assent to it should be driven out.     32       35       237                        
    33       36      

238

    John of Sarmin was appointed 25th bishop in Constantinople after the expulsion of Eutychos his predecessor.
    34       37      

239

   
    35       38      

240

    In Edessa Epiphanius was appointed [40th] bishop (1).
(p. 323)               

* 50th Justin for 13 years

    Now the orthodox had the following bishops; in Syria were James and Theodore; and in Constantinople were John of Asia and Theodosius of Alexandria, who died at this time.      
                 

336th Olympiad 

         
                  36       1       241          
                  37       2      

242

         
                  38       3      

243

                       
                  39       4      

244

                       
                 

337th Olympiad 

                       
The orthodox appoint as archbishop in Syria Paul who came from Alexandria, who is called "of Beth Ukhome".    
[Anastasius is expelled] from Antioch, and Gregory becomes bishop.    
John is sent to Alexandria from Co]nstant[inople] by the [Ch]alcedonians in succession to Ap[ollinarius]    
 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —    
(1) Not known from any other source.
 

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

     

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

       
 

Khosrau

 

Justin

       

Hormizd

 

Maurice

         
    40       5      

245

          13       8      

265

         
    41       6      

246

         

20th Khosrau son of Hormizd for 38 years 

         
    42       7      

247

          1       9       266          
    43       8      

248

          2       10      

267

         
   

338th Olympiad 

          3       11      

268

         
    44       9       249          

343rd Olympiad 

         
    45       10      

250

          4       12       269          
    46       11      

251

          5       13      

270

         
    47       12      

252

          6       14      

271

         
   

19th Hormizd son of Khosrau for 13 years 

          7       15      

272

         
   

339th Olympiad 

         

344th Olympiad 

         
    48       13       253           8       16       273          
   

51st Tiberius for 4 years 

          9       17      

274

         
    49       1       254           10       18      

275

         
    50       2      

255

          11       19      

276

         
    51       3      

256

         

345th Olympiad 

         
   

340th Olympiad 

                                     
    52       4       257                                      
   

52nd Maurice for 20 years 

                                     
    53       1       258                                      
    54       2      

259

                                     
    55       3      

260

                                     
   

341st Olympiad 

                                     
    56       4       261                                      
    57       5      

262

                                     
    58       6      

263

                                     
    59       7      

264

                                     
   

342nd Olympiad 

                                     
p. 324
Maurice is killed, and all his sons with him (1).  The peace between the Romans and the Persians is dissolved.  

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
 

Khosrau

 

Maurice

                       
    12       20       277     Severus, bishop of Edessa, was stoned.
                 

53rd Phocas for 7 years and 8 months 

    The believers in the East made Athanasius archbishop.
Narses rebelled against Phocas and came to Edessa and occupied it and was besieged in it.     13       1       278                        
    14       2      

279

    The believers in Edessa had Paul for their bishop, while the Chalcedonians. appoint Theodosius for themselves (2).
The Persians took the city of Dara.     15       3      

280

   
                 

346th Olympiad 

   
                  16       4       281     The bishops of, the district of the East (and with them were monks and many people) fled to Egypt before the Persians.
The Persians took the fortress of Tur `Abdin.     17       5      

282

   
                  18       6      

283

                       
The Persians took the city of Amida, also Tella, also Rhesaina.     19       7      

284

                       
   

347th Olympiad 

                       
Year 920 of the Greeks                           
          20       8       285     In Alexandria Cyrus was appointed bishop for the Chalcedonians.
The Romans kill Phocas and make Heraclius emperor.    

54th Heraclius for 32 years 

   
    21       1       286     [The union] of the believers was made in Alexandria ( 3).
The Persians took Edessa.     22       2      

287

    The bishops are expelled — — — — — — — —  
The Persians conquered the whole of Syria and Phoenicia and Palestine.     23       3      

288

    — — — — — — — — — — — — the Persians from  
   

348th Olympiad 

    — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —   
Heraclius made [his son] Constantine [Augustus]. — — — — — — — — — — — — — of the Romans   
    24       4       289     — — — — — — — — of the Orient; and he came   
                  25       5      

290

    — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —   
                  26       6      

291

    — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —   
The Persians took [Egypt] and conquered [Libya].     27       7      

292

    — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —   
   

349th Olympiad 

                       

(1)  Elias of Nisibis (quoting James) "The year 914. This year Maurice, King of the Romans, was killed, and his wife and his sons, on the 23rd of November: and Phokas reigned after him."

(2)  This Paul is no doubt the translator of the hymns of Severus and others (Wright CBM. p. 336; cf. Schroder in ZDMG. 31 p. 400; Hallier Untersuchungen uber die Edess. Chronik p. 77). Theodosius is not known from any other source.

(3)  Michael the Syrian (fol. 237 r) places this union in AS 921 (AD 610), but, since he ascribes it to the action of Niketas, the date in our text (= AD 611) is more probable. The Liber Chalifarum however assigns it to 618.

p. 326

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —  

PERSIANS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

                     
and Mohammed goes down for purposes of trade to the country of Palestine, Arabia, Phoenicia and Tyre.  

Khosrau

 

Heraclius

    Isaiah is sent to Edessa as bishop from the land of the Persians.
    28       8       293    
    29       9      

294

    In Alexandria the believers ordained Andronicus bishop. 
                  30       10      

295

   
There was an eclipse of the sun.     31       11      

296

    In Alexandria Benjamin was appointed bishop for the believers.
Khosru gave orders, and Edessa went into captivity.
The Persians carried off captives from the whole of the land of the Romans as far as Bithynia and Asia and as far as the sea of Pontus and devastated it.    

First king of the Arabs, Mohammed 
was appointed for 7 years
 

   
                   
   

350th Olympiad 

                       
                   
The kingdom of the Arabs, whom we call Saracens (1), began when Heraclius, Emperor of the Romans, had reached (2) his 11th year, and Khosrau, King of the Persians, his 31st year.     1  

32

  12     297        

940th year 
of the 
Greeks
 

         
    2  

33

  13    

298

          304     
    3  

34

  14    

299

                 
    4  

35

  15    

300

    Cyrus made a persecution against the believers in Alexandria.
                 

351st Olympiad 

   
The Arabs began to make incursions into the land of Palestine.     5  

36

  16     301     The believers in the East ordained John archbishop (3). 
    6  

37

  17    

302

                       
                  7  

38

  18    

303

                       
p.327) The Persians killed Khosrau, and Shirwai became king for 9 [months].    

21st Shirwai son of Khosrau for 9 months 

                       
                     
  And the Edessenes who survived returned from [captivity].    

2nd of the Arabs Abu Bakr 
for 2 years and 7 months
 

    Shahr Warz and Boran and Khosru [and] Piruz and of Azarmidukht [and] Hormizd, of all of them made around [two years].
 
  [Heraclius] and Shahrbarz made [a treaty], and [the Persians] began to come out from [the land of the Romans] and [to go down to their own country].     1  

1

  19     304    
     

22nd of the Persians, Ardashir son 
of Shirwai for 1 year and 10 months
 

                       
                     
     

352nd Olympiad 

                       
  The Jews  — — — — — — —      2  

1

  20     305                        
  — — — — — — — — — — —      3  

2

  21    

306

                       

(1) Literally "Tayaye".

(2) Lit. "had brought"; but the construction is a strange one, and the Syriac is perhaps corrupt.

(3)  It is clear that the copyist has placed this notice too early, since the death of John's predecessor Athanasius is recorded by Elijah from James under AH 10 (631): see below.


[The British Library manuscript breaks off at this point.   The remaining material is from Michael the Syrian, who almost certainly uses James' for this period].


 

   

23rd of the Persians, Boran daughter 
of Khosrau for 1 year
 

       

ARABS 

 

ROMANS 

 

TOTAL
YEARS

       
   

`Uthman

 

Constantine

         
   

3rd of the Arabs, `Umar
son of Khattab for 12 years
 

          3       4      

321

         
      4       5      

322

         
    1  

1

  22     307           5       6      

323

         
   

Other Persians for one year 

          6       7      

324

         
    2  

1

  23     308           7       8      

325

         
   

24th of the Persians, Yezdegerd
son of Khosrau for 12 years
 

          8       9      

326

         
      9       10      

327

         
    3  

1

  24     309           10       11      

328

         
    4  

2

  25    

310

          11       12      

329

         
    5  

3

  26    

311

          12       13      

330

         
    6  

4

  27    

312

         

The kingdom of the Arabs is divided in two 

         
    7  

5

  28    

313

           
    8  

6

  29    

314