« Prev Words Obsolete or Ambiguous Next »
127

WORDS OBSOLETE OR AMBIGUOUS.

Word.

Passage.

Explanation.

Abjects.

Psal. xxxv. 15.

Outcasts; despised persons.

Adamant, or Diamond.

Ezek. iii. 9.

A stone of impenetrable (lit. "indomitable") hardness.

Adjure.

Josh. vi. 26.

Bind under a curse; charge solemnly.

Ado.

Mark v. 39.

Stir; tumult; commotion.

Albeit.

Ezek. xiii. 7.

Although it be so.

Allow.

Luke xi. 48.

(Lat. allaudare) to praise; to approve.

Alms.

Acts iii. 3; x. 2.

(Of sing, num.)=charitable gift.

Aloof.

Ps. xxxviii. 11.

Afar off; at a distance.

Amerce.

Deut. xxii. 19.

Punish by fine.

Anise.

Matt. xxiii. 23.

A sort of parsley.

Anon.

Matt. xiii. 20.

i.e. in one instant=quickly.

Apparelled.

Luke vii. 25.

Dressed.

Apparently.

Num. xii. 8.

Plainly; openly.

Ark.

Gen. vi. 14; Ex. ii. 5, 6; xxxvii. 1.

(Lat. area) covered chest, coffer.

Array, to.

Matt. vi.29.

Dress, or clothe.

Artillery.

1 Sam. xx. 40

Bow and arrows; missiles.

Astonied

Job xvii. 8

Old form of astonished; astounded.

At one

Acts vii. 26

Reconciliation of two persons at variance: from this adverb springs the verb "atone" (to reconcile), and "at-one-ment."

Attent

2Chron. vi. 40

An old part. of attend, used for "attentive."

Away with

Is. i. 13

"Put up with," or endure.

Barbed

Job xii. 7

Fringed, or bearded, with projecting points.

Beam (see Mote).

Matt. vii. 3

Large piece of timber.

Beeves

Lev. xxii. 21

Plur. of "beef;" used of oxen or cows.

Bestead

Is. viii. 21

Circumstanced; situated.

Bewray

Matt. xxvi. 73

Discover; report; inform; reveal; accuse.

Bind.

Job xxvi. 8; Acts ix. 14.

Imprison, or confine closely.

Blains.

Pimples; pustules; swellings.

Blaze abroad.

Mark i. 45.

Publish loudly; blazon.

Bolled.

Ex. ix. 31.

Swollen.

Bosses.

Job xv. 26.

Large studs; projecting ornaments.

Botch.

Deut. xxviii. 27.

Eruption of the skin.

Bravery.

Is. iii. 18.

Splendour; finery.

Bray.

Prov. xxvii. 22.

Pound, or bruise.

Brickle.

Wisd. xv. 13.

Easily broken; brittle.

Brigandine.

Jer. xlvi. 4.

A light coat of mail.

Bruit.

Jer. x. 22.

(Fr. bruit, noise) report: fame.

By.

1 Cor. iv. 4.

Of, against.

Calkers.

Ezek. xxvii. 9, 27.

Men who stop the seams, or leaks of ships with tow.

Carriage

1 Sam. xvii. 22; Acts xxi. 15.

That which is carried; baggage.

Chafed.

2 Sam. xvii. 8.

Heated; exasperated.

Chapiter.

Ex. xxxvi. 38.

Capital of a pillar.

Chapt.

Jer. xiv. 4.

Cracked, through heat and drought.

Charger.

Num. vii. 13; Matt. xiv. 5.

A large dish.

Charges (be at).

Acts xxi. 24.

Discharge the cost, or pay expenses.

Charity.

1 Cor. xiii.

Sympathetic unselfish habit of the soul; including our words, love, charity, sympathy, benevolence, beneficence, philanthropy.

Cithern.

1 Macc. iv. 54.

(Lat. cithara) a stringed instrument; the word has now become "guitar."

Cleave.

Gen. ii. 24; Rom. xii. 9.

Adhere; remain faithful.

Cockatrice.

Is. xi. 8.

A kind of crested serpent; the basilisk.

Cocker.

Ecclus. xxx. 9.

Indulge, so as to spoil, a child.

Cockle.

Job xxxi. 40

The corn-rose, a weed found among corn.

Collops.

Job xv. 27.

Slices, or flakes, of meat or fat.

Colony.

Acts xvi. 12.

(Lat. colonia) a foreign town, to whose inhabitants were accorded, for distinguished services, the same rights and privileges as the citizens of Rome itself.

Commend.

Rom. iii. 5.

Draw commendation upon, or enhance.

Commune

Ex. xxv. 22; 1 Sam. xix. 3; Ps. iv. 4; Is. xl. 12; Rom. xiii. 9.

Parley; hold a conference; converse.

Comprehend.

Is. xl. 12; Rom. xiii. 9.

Comprise; include; measure; contain.

Concision.

Phil. iii. 2.

Mere cutting off; opposed to circumcision, as religious symbol.

Coney.

Lev. xi. 5; Ps. civ. 18.

(Lat. cuniculiis) a rabbit; small animal, like a rabbit.

Confection.

Ex. xxx. 35; Ecclus. xxxviii. 8.

Compound of various ingredients.

Consort, to.

Acts xvii. 4

Associate with.

Contrite

. Ps.li.17

(Lat. contritus) bruised; ground to powder; so of one humbled to the dust.

128

Word.

Passage.

Explanation.

Convenient.

Acts xxiv. 25; Rom. i. 28; Eph. v. 4.

Becoming; decorous.

Conversation.

(1) Phil. iii. 20; (2) 1 Pet. i. 15.

(1) Citizenship; (2) conduct and habits of life.

Convince.

Jobxxxii. 12; John viii. 46.

Convict.

Count.

Ex. xii. 4.

(Used as a subst.) a reckoning.

Countervail.

Est. vii. 4.

(Lat. contra valere) compensate for.

Cracknels.

1 Kin. xiv. 3.

Hard, brittle cakes.

Crisping pins.

Is. iii. 22.

Irons for crimping or curling hair.

Cruse.

1 Sam. xxvi. 11; 1 Kin. xiv. 3; xvii. 12; 2 Kin. 2. 20.

Small cup or vessel for holding liquid.

Cumber.

Luke x. 40; xiii. 7.

Encumber; occupy unprofitably.

Curious.

Ex. xxviii. 8; Acts xix. 19.

That with which great pains has been taken.

Damnation, or
Condemnation.

Rom.; 1 Cor., &c.

These words were used as equivalent terms when the A.V. was made; sometimes with a deep, sometimes with a lighter meaning.

Daysman.

Job ix. 33.

Umpire; arbitrator.

Deal, A.

Ex. xxix. 40.

A part or portion.

Debtor.

Rom. i. 14; Gal. v. 3.

One bound by, or under an obligation.

Deem.

Acts xxvii. 27.

Conclude; judge.

Defenced.

Is. xxxvi. 1.

Fenced; defended by fortifications.

Delicately.

Deut. xxviii. 50; 1 Sam. xv. 32.

Tenderly; mincingly.

Delightsome.

Mal. iii. 12.

Delightful.

Discover.

Is. xxii. 8.

Uncover.

Draught.

Matt. xv. 17.

Drain.

Draught house.

2 Kin. x. 27.

Cesspool; depository of drainage.

Ear, to.

Deut. xxi. 4; 1 Sam. viii. 12;

Plough; till the ground.

Earing.

Gen. xiv. 6; Ex. xxxiv. 21.

Ploughing.

Emerods.

1 Sam. v. 6.

(Grk. hæmorrhoids) discharging piles.

Endamage.

Ezra iv. 13.

Injure.

Ensample.

1 Cor. x. 11.

Example.

Ensue.

1 Pet. iii. 11.

Pursue diligently.

Eschew.

1 Pet. iii. 11, &c.

Avoid; shun.

Eyeservice.

Eph. vi. 6.

Service performed only when under supervision.

Fain.

Luke xv. 16.

Glad, and gladly.

Fat.

Joel ii. 24.

Vessel for liquor; same as "vat."

Fitches.

Is. xxviii. 25, 27.

Vetches; small kind of pea.

Fray.

Deut. xxviii. 26, &c.

To scare; frighten away.

Fret.

Lev. xiii. 51, 55; Ps. xxxix. 11.

To corrode; perforate by eating, as a moth does.

Gainsay.

Luke xxi. 15.

Speak against, i. e. contradict.

Garner.

Matt. iii. 12.

Granary; barn.

Gin.

Amos iii. 5.

Trap or snare for birds.

Glister.

Luke ix. 29.

Shine; sparkle; glitter.

Greaves.

1 Sam. xvii. 6.

Armour-plates for legs.

Habergeon.

Job xli. 26.

A piece of armour to defend the neck and breast.

Haft.

Judg. iii. 22.

Handle of knife, dagger, &c.

Hale.

Luke xii. 58; Acts viii. 3.

Forcibly drag, as an arrested person; haul.

Halt.

Gen. xxxii. 31; Luke xiv. 21.

(Verb and part.) walk lame; crippled.

Harness.

1 Kin. xxii. 34.

Body-armour of a soldier; accoutrements for man or horse.

Heap.

Deut. xiii. 16; Jer. xlix. 2.

A ruin.

Hell.

Ps. xlix. 14.

Hole, or covered pit; grave.

Acts ii. 27.

Hades, place of departed spirits.

2 Pet. ii. 4.

Gehenna, place of torment for the wicked.

Helve.

Deut. xix. 5.

Handle of an axe.

His.

1 Cor. xv..

Often used for neut. "its," which does not occur in the Authorised Version.

Hosen.

Dan. iii. 21.

Trousers and stockings in one piece.

Houghs.

2 Esdras xv. 36.

Hocks; joints of a beast's hind-legs.

Hungred, a.

Matt.xii. 1.

Hungry.

Importable.

Prayer of Manasses.

Insupportable.

Instantly.

Acts xxvi. 7.

Earnestly; with urgent importunity.

Jeopard, to.

Judg. v. 18.

To hazard or risk life; jeopardy; danger.

Jot, or tittle.

Matt. v. 18.

"Jot" is "jod," the smallest Hebr. letter (i, or iota in Grk.).

Kine.

Gen. xli. 2; 1 Sam. vi. 7.

The old plural of "cow;" milch kine = milking cows.

Knop.

Ex. xxv. 33.

The bud of a flower; carved imitation of one; now spelt "knob."

Lack.

Ex. xvi. 18; Mark x. 21.

Subst. want, or deficiency; v. to be deficient.

Lawyer.

Matt. xxii. 35.

An expounder of the Mosaic Law.

Leasing.

Ps. iv. 2.

Lying, or falsehood.

Let.

2 Thess. ii. 7.

Hinder; prevent.

Lewdness.

Acts xviii. 14.

Wickedness; crime.

Libertine.

Acts vi. 9.

The child of a freed slave.

List.

John iii. 8.

Desire; will; like.

Lust.

Ex. xv. 9; 2 Tim. iv. 3.

Desire of any kind.

Lusty.

Judg. iii. 29.

Healthy; vigorous; strong.

Magnifical.

1 Chr. xxii. 5.

Magnificent.

Marish.

Ezek. xlvii. 11.

Marsh; swampy ground.

129

Word.

Passage.

Explanation.

Maul.

Prov xxv. 18.

Heavy hammer, of which "mallet" is the diminutive.

Maw.

Deut. xviii. 3.

Stomach of animals.

Meet.

Matt iii. 8.

Suitable; accordant.

Mete.

Matt. vii. 2.

(Lat. metior) measure.

Mete yard.

Lev. xix. 35.

Measuring-rod; yard measure.

Mincing.

Is. iii. 16.

Walking with very short steps.

Minish.

Ex. v. 19.

Diminish; lessen.

Mote (see Beam).

Matt. vii. 3.

Minute particle; grain; atom.

Munition.

Nah. ii. 1.

Fortifications; ramparts.

Murrain.

Ex. ix. 3.

Cattle plague, resembling "Rinder-pest."

Naught.

2 Kin. ii. 19; Prov. xx. 14.

Bad; worthless; nothing.

Neeze.

2 Kin. iv. 35.

Old form of "sneeze."

Nether.

Deut. xxiv. 6.

Lower; from obsolete "neath."

Noisome.

Ps. xci. 3.

Noxious; hurtful; grievous.

Nought.

Gen. xxix. 15.

Nothing (same as naught).

Nurture.

Eph. vi. 4.

Education; training.

Of.

(1) Mark i. 9; (2) Acts xiii. 29;
(3) 1 Cor. xv. 47.

Used in various senses: (1) instead of "by;" (2) for "concerning;" (3) "out of."

Offence.

Rom. ix. 33.

That against which one stumbles.

Offend.

Matt. xviii. 9.

Strike or stumble against; cause to stumble.

Or ever.

Ps. xc. 2; S. of S. vi. 12; Dan. vi. 24; Acts xxiii. 15.

Reduplicated form of ere=before; cp. "an if."

Ouches.

Ex. xxviii. 11.

Settings of gold or silver for precious stones.

Pain.

Rev. xii. 2.

Strive in pain, or pangs.

Painful.

Ps. lxxiii. 16.

Hard to do; needing effort.

Painfulness.

2 Cor. xi. 27.

Unsparing toil.

Pass.

Ezek. xxxii. 19.

Surpass.

Pill, Peel.

Gen. xxx. 37, 38; Is. xviii. 2, 7.

Strip off bark: rob and plunder.

Plat.

2 Kin. ix. 26.

Small level piece of ground.

Poll, to.

2 Sam. xiv. 26.

Lop; cut off, esp. hair.

Potsherd.

Ps. xxii. 15

Fragment of broken pottery.

Pressfat.

Hag. ii. 16.

Vat to receive grape-juice from the winepress.

Prevent.

1 Thess. iv. 15.

Go before; precede.

Prophet.

1 Cor. xiv. 22; Acts xiii. 1.

Preacher, or proclaimer of Divine message.

Provoke.

2 Cor. ix. 2.

Stimulate; challenge to action.

Publicans.

Matt. ix. 10; Luke v. 27.

Farmers of public revenue; esp. native collectors of the odious tribute imposed by the Roman government.

Quick.

Num. xvi. 30; Ps. 1 v. 15; Heb. iv. 12.

Alive; lively; active.

Quicken.

Ps. lxxi. 20.

Make alive.

Quit.

1 Sam. iv. 9; 1 Cor. xvi. 13.

Acquit; conduct.

Ravening.

Luke xi. 39.

Greediness; rapacity.

Ravin.

Gen. xlix. 27.

Make prey; capture spoil.

Reins.

Ps. vii. 9.

(Lat. renes, kidneys) emotions; affections.

Rereward.

Is. Iii. 12; lviii. 8.

Rear-guard.

Ringstraked.

Gen. xxx. 35.

Streaked or marked with circular bands or rings.

Room.

Luke xiv. 8; 1 Cor. xiv. 16.

A place or spot for one to sit or stand in.

Save.

1 Kin. iii. 18; Matt. xi. 27.

Except.

Savour.

Matt. xvi. 23.

Taste; relish; met. relish in mind.

Scant.

Mic. vi. 10.

Short; deficient; scanty.

Scrabble.

1 Sam. xxi. 13.

Scratch; make unmeaning marks.

Scrip.

1 Sam. xvii. 40; Luke xxii. 36.

Small bag or wallet.

Seethe.

Ex. xvi. 23.

Boil; perf. "sod," part. "sodden,"

Servitor.

2 Kin. iv. 43.

Servant or attendant.

Sherd.

Is. xxx. 14.

(A.S. sceard) fragment; shred, esp. of pottery.

Shroud.

Ezek. xxxi. 3.

(A.S. serud) shelter; covering, esp. of a tree.

Silverling.

Is. vii. 23.

A small silver coin.

Sith.

Ezek. xxxv. 6.

Since; forasmuch as.

Sod, Sodden.

Gen. xxv. 29; Ex. xii. 9.

Boiled; from the verb "seethe."

Sojourn.

Gen. xii. 10; xix. 9; Ex. xii. 48.

(Fr. séjourner) to dwell temporarily, as a stranger or visitor, not a settled inhabitant.

Sometimes.

Eph. ii. 13; 1 Pet. iii. 20.

Once; formerly; of old time.

Sore.

Gen. xix. 9 ; xliii. 1; Deut. vi. 22; Judg. xxi 2.

Sadly; grievously.

Speed.

Gen. xxiv. 12; Judg. vi 30.

Succeed; or subst. success.

Spring.

Deut. iv. 49; 1 Sam. ix. 26.

Rise, source, commencement, e.g."springs of Pisgah" (Deut. iv. 49), i.e. roots or foot of the mountain.

Steads.

1 Chron. v. 22.

(Sax. slede) places.

Stone-bow.

Wisd. v. 22.

A catapult, or engine for throwing stones.

Straightway.

1 Sam. ix. 13; Luke v. 39.

Immediately; at once.

Straitly.

Gen. xliii. 7; Josh. vi. 1; Mark i. 43.

Strictly.

Straitness.

Deut. xxviii. 53; Jer. xix. 9.

Scarcity of food; severe famine.

Strake.

Gen. xxx. 37.

A streak.

Acts xxvii. 17.

Past tense of verb to "strike."

Straw, to.

Matt. xxi. 8.

Strew, or scatter.

Sunder, to.

Job xli. 17.

Separate; part asunder.

130

Word.

Passage.

Explanation.

Sundry.

Heb. i. 1..

Several; various; divers.

Tabering.

Nah. ii. 7..

Beating, as on a taber.

Taches.

Ex. xxvi. 6..

Catches, or buttons; any fastening.

Tale.

Ex. v. 8, 18; 1 Sam. xviii. 27..

(A. S. tellari) reckoning; total.

Target.

1 Sam. xvii. 6..

Light shield, buckler.

Tire.

2 Kin. ix. 30; Is. iii. 18..

Dress, adorn, esp. the head; subst. a head-dress.

Touching.

Lev. v. 13; Ps. xlv. 1; Matt. xviii. 19..

Prep.=concerning.

Tongues.

Acts x. 46..

Languages, esp. those foreign to, or unknown by, the speaker.

Travail.

Is. liii. 11; Jer. xxx. 6..

Labour; pain; trouble generally.

Trow.

Luke xvii. 9..

Think; imagine; suppose.

Twain.

Is. vi. 2..

Two.

Undergird.

Acts xxvii. 17..

To pass ropes round hull of a ship, from gunwale to gunwale, and then stretch them tight, so as to keep the timbers from starting in a gale.

Undersetter.

1 Kin. vii. 30, 34..

The pedestal or plinth on which the brazen bases of the lavers stood in Solomon's Temple.

Unicorn.

Ps. xcii. 10..

Generally allowed to be a wild ox. See Quadrupeds, p. 80.

Unwittingly.

Josh. xx. 3..

Unconsciously; unintentionally.

Ware.

Acts xiv. 6..

Aware; expectant.

Wax.

Luke i. 80..

Grow, or become.

Whit.

1 Sam. iii. 18; 2 Cor. xi. 5..

(A. S. wild) a bit; atom.

Wimple.

Is. iii. 22..

Veil, or covering for face, throat, or neck, probably the original of the Eastern "yashmak."

Winebibber.

Matt. xi. 19..

Immoderate drinker of wine; drunkard.

Winefat (see Fat.)

 

 

Wise.

Lev. xix. 17..

(A. S. wise) mode or manner, or means.

Wist.

Ex. xvi. 15; xxxiv. 29; Mark xiv. 40..

(A. S. wiste) knew.

Wit, to.

2 Cor. viii. 1..

(A. S. witan) to know.

With.

Judg. xvi. 7..

Young twig of a willow; osier.

Withal.

1 Kin. xix. 1; Acts xxv. 27..

With the same; therewith.

Wittingly.

Gen. xlviii. 14..

Intentionally; knowingly.

Wont.

Matt. xxvii. 15..

Accustomed.

Wot.

Gen. xxxix. 8; Ex. xxxii. 1..

Know.

Wreathen.

Ex. xxviii. 14..

Twisted; turned; " wreathen work."

Wrought.

Gen. xxxiv. 7; Ex. xxxvi. 1; Matt. xx. 12; xxvi. 10..

Worked.

Yearn.

Gen. xliii. 30; 1 Kin. iii. 26..

Feel pain of longing desire; hence, expressing the working up of uncontrollable emotion.

« Prev Words Obsolete or Ambiguous Next »





Advertisements



| Define | Popups: Login | Register | Prev Next | Help |