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Chap. XII. — Of Christ’s Priestly Office.
Q. 1. By what means did Jesus Christ undertake the office of an eternal priest?
A. By athe decree, ordination, and will of God his
Father, bwhereunto he yielded voluntary obedience; so
cthat concerning this there was a compact and covenant between
aPs. cx. 4; Heb. v. 5, 6, vii. 17, 18. bIsa. l. 4–6; Heb. x. 5–10. cPs. ii. 7, 8; Isa. liii. 8, 10–12; Phil. ii. 7, 9; Heb. xii. 2; John xvii. 2, 4.
Q. 2. Wherein doth his execution of this office consist?
A. In bringing his people unto God.
Heb. ii. 10, iv. 16, vii. 25.
Q. 3. What are the parts of it?
A. First, aoblation; secondly,
bintercession.5050 Against both these the Papists are exceedingly
blasphemous; against the one, by making their mass a sacrifice for sins, —
the other, by making saints mediators of intercession.
aHeb. ix. 14. bHeb. vii. 25.
Q. 4. What is the oblation of Christ?
A. The aoffering up of himself upon the altar of
the cross, an holy propitiatory sacrifice for the sins of all the elect
throughout the world; as balso, the presentation of himself for
us in heaven, sprinkled with the blood of the covenant.
aIsa. liii. 10, 12; John iii. 16, xi. 51, xvii. 19; Heb. ix. 13,14. bHeb. ix. 24.
Q. 5. Whereby doth this oblation do good unto us?
A. Divers ways; first, in that it satisfied the justice of
God; secondly, it redeemed us from the power of sin, death, and hell;
thirdly, it ratified the new covenant of grace; fourthly, it procured for
us grace here, and glory hereafter; by all which means the peace and
reconciliation between God and us is wrought.
Eph ii. 14, 15.
Q. 6. How did the oblation of Christ satisfy God’s justice for our sin?
A. In that for us he underwent the5151 Christ’s undergoing
punishment for us was, first, typified by the old sacrifices; secondly,
foretold in the first promise; thirdly, made lawful and valid in itself, —
first, by God’s determination, the supreme lawgiver;
secondly, his own voluntary undergoing it; thirdly, by a
relaxation of the law in regard of the subject punished; — fourthly,
beneficial to us, because united to us; as, first, our head;
secondly, our elder brother; thirdly, our sponsor or surety;
fourthly, our husband; fifthly, our God, or Redeemer,
&c. punishment due to our sin.
Isa. liii. 4–6; John x. 11; Rom. iii. 25, 26, iv. 25; 1 Cor. xv. 3; 2 Cor. v. 21; Eph. v. 2; 1 Pet. ii. 24.
Q. 7. What was that punishment?
A. The wrath of God, the curse5252 No change in all these, but what
necessarily follows the change of the persons sustaining. of the
law, the pains of hell, due 482to sinners, in body and soul.
Gen. ii. 17; Deut. xxvii. 15–26; Isa. lix. 2; Rom. v. 12; Eph ii. 3; John iii. 36; Heb. ii. 14.
Q. 8. Did Christ undergo all these?
A. Yes; in respect of the greatness5353 The death that Christ
underwent was eternal in its own nature and tendence, — not so to him,
because of his holiness, power, and the unity of his person. and
extremity, not the eternity and continuance of those pains; for it was
impossible he should be holden of death.
Matt. xxvi. 28; Mark xiv. 33, 34; xv. 34; Gal. iii. 13; Eph ii. 16; Col. i. 20; Heb. v. 7; Ps. xviii. 5.
Q. 9. How could the punishment of one satisfy for the offence of all?
A. In that he was not a mere5454 He suffered not as God, but he suffered
who was God. man only, but God also, of infinitely more value
than all those who had offended.
Rom. v. 9; Heb. ix. 26; 1 Pet. iii. 18.
Q. 10. How did the oblation of Christ redeem from death and hell?
A. First, aby paying a ransom5555 We are freed from the anger
of God, by a perfect rendering to the full value of what he required, —
from the power of Satan, by absolute conquest on our behalf. to
God, the judge and lawgiver, who had condemned us; secondly, bby
overcoming and spoiling Satan, death, and the powers of hell, that detained
aMatt. xx. 28; John vi. 51; Mark x. 45; Rom. iii. 25; 1 Cor. vi. 20; Gal. iii. 13; Eph i. 7; 1 Tim. ii. 6; Heb. x. 9. bJohn v. 24; Col. ii. 13–15; 1 Thess. i. 10; Heb. ii. 14; 1 Pet. i. 18, 19.
Q. 11. What was the ransom that Christ paid for us?
Q. 12. How was the new covenant ratified in his blood?
A. By being accompanied with5656 The new covenant is Christ’s legacy, in
his last will unto his people, — the eternal inheritance of glory being
conveyed thereby. his death; for that, as all other testaments,
was to be ratified by the death of the testator.
Gen. xxii. 18; Heb. ix. 16, viii. 10–12.
Q. 13. What is this new covenant?
A. The gracious, free, aimmutable promise of God,
made unto all his elect fallen in Adam, to bgive them Jesus
Christ, and cin him mercy, pardon, grace, and glory,
dwith a re-stipulation of faith from them unto this faith from
them unto this promise, and new obedience.
aGen. iii. 15; Jer. xxxi. 31–34, xxxii. 40; Heb. viii. 10–12. bGal. iii. 8, 16; Gen. xii. 3. cRom. viii. 32; Eph. i. 3, 4. dMark xvi. 16; John i. 12, x. 27, 28.
Q. 14. How did Christ procure for us grace, faith, and glory?
A. By the way of purchase5757 The death of Christ was satisfactory in
respect of the strict justice of God, — meritorious in respect of the
covenant between him and his Father. and merit; for the death of
Christ deservedly procured of God that he should bless us with all5858 All these holy
truths are directly denied by the blasphemous Socinians; and by the
Papists, with their merits, masses, penance, and purgatory, by consequent,
overthrown. spiritual 483blessings needful for our
coming unto him.
Isa. liii. 11, 12; John xvii. 2; Acts xx. 28; Rom. v. 17, 18; Eph. ii. 15, 16, i. 4; Phil. i. 29; Tit. ii. 14; Rev. i. 5, 6.
Q. 15. What is the intercession of Christ?
A. His continual soliciting5959 To make saints our intercessors, is to
renounce Jesus Christ from being a sufficient Saviour. of God on
our behalf, begun here in fervent prayers, continued in heaven by appearing
as our advocate at the throne of grace.
Ps. ii. 8; Rom. viii. 34; Heb. vii. 25, ix. 24, x. 19–21; 1 John ii. 1, 2; John xvii.
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