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Chap. VIII. — Of the State of Corrupted Nature.

Q. 1. How came this weakness and disability upon us?

A. By the sin and4040   This is that which commonly is called original sin, which in general denoteth the whole misery and corruption of our nature; as, — 1. The guilt of Adam’s actual sin to us imputed; 2. Loss of God’s glorious image, innocency and holiness; 3. Deriving by propagation a nature — (1.) Defiled with the pollution, (2.) Laden with the guilt, (3.) Subtitled to the power of sin; 4. A being exposed to all temporal miseries, leading to and procuring death; 5. An alienation from God, with voluntary obedience to Satan and lust; 6. An utter disability to good, or to labour for mercy; 7. Eternal damnation of body and soul in hell. shameful fall of our first parents.
Rom. v. 12, 14.

Q. 2. Wherein did that hurt us, their posterity?

A. Divers ways; first, ain that we were all guilty of the same breach of covenant with Adam, being all in him; secondly, bour souls with his were deprived of that holiness, innocence, and righteousness wherein they were at first created; thirdly, cpollution and defilement of nature came upon us; with, fourthly, dan extreme disability of doing any thing that is well-pleasing unto God; eby all which we are made obnoxious to the curse.
aJohn iii. 36; Rom. v. 12; Eph. ii. 3. bGen. iii. 10; Eph iv. 23, 24; Col. iii. 10. cJob xiv. 4; Ps. li. 7; John iii. 6; Rom. iii. 13. dGen. vi. 5; Eph. ii. 1; Jer. vi. 16, xiii. 23; Rom. viii. 7. eGen. iii. 17; Gal. iii. 10.

Q. 3. Wherein doth the curse of God consist?

A. In divers things; first, ain the4141   All that a natural man hath on this side hell is free mercy. guilt of death, temporal and eternal; secondly, bthe loss of the grace and favour of God; thirdly, cguilt and horror of conscience, despair and anguish here; with, fourthly, deternal damnation hereafter.
aGen. ii. 17; Rom. i. 18, v. 12, 17; Eph. ii. 3. bGen. iii. 24; Ezek. xvi. 3–5; Eph ii. 13. cGen. iii. 10; Isa. xlviii. 22; Rom. iii. 9, 19, Gal. iii. 22. dGen. iii. 10, 13; John iii. 36.

Q. 4. Are all men born in this estate?

A. Every one without exception.
Ps. li. 5; Isa. liii. 6; Rom. iii. 9–12; Eph. ii. 3.

Q. 5. And do they continue therein?

A. Of themselves4242   The end of this is Jesus Christ, to all that fly for refuge to the hope set before them. they cannot otherwise do, being able neither to aknow, nor bwill, nor cdo any thing that is spiritually good and pleasing unto God.
aActs viii. 31, xvi. 14; 1 Cor. ii. 14; Eph. v. 8; John i. 5. bJer. vi. 16, xiii. 23; Luke iv. 18; Rom. vi. 16, viii. 7. cJohn vi. 44; 2 Cor. iii. 5.

478Q. 6. Have they, then, no way of themselves to escape the curse and wrath of God?

A. None at all; they can neither satisfy his justice, nor fulfil his law.

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