Bernard of Cluny was a monk of the
twelfth century; the exact dates of his
birth and death are not known. His parents
were English, but he was born at Morlaix,
France. He was an inmate of the
Abbey of Cluny, and dedicated his famous
poem to Peter the Venerable, Abbot of
Cluny from 1122 to 1156. His long poem,
about three thousand lines, was a satire
against the vices and follies of his time.
who gives a translation of four
hundred lines in the third edition of his
Mediaeval Hymns, 1868, says of this poem:
"The greater part is a bitter satire on the
fearful corruptions of the age. But, as a
contrast to the misery and pollution of
earth, the poem opens with a description of
the peace and glory of heaven of such rare
beauty as not easily to be matched by any
mediaeval composition on the same subject."
It is this part of the poem that Dr. Neale
translated and from which our hymns are taken.
|For thee, O dear, dear country
|Jerusalem the golden