In Reply to the Questions as to His Authority, Jesus Gives the Third Great
Group of Parables.
(in the Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, a.d. 30.)
Parable of the Marriage of the King's Son.
A Matt. XXII. 1–14.
a 1 And Jesus answered and spake again in parables unto
them, saying, 2 The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a certain
king, who made a marriage feast for his son, 3 and sent forth his
servants to call them that were bidden to the marriage feast: and they would
not come. 4 Again he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them
that are bidden, Behold, I have made ready my dinner; my oxen and my fatlings
are killed, and all things are ready: come to the marriage feast.
5 But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his own farm, another
to his merchandise; 6 and the rest laid hold on his servants, and
treated them shamefully, and killed them. 7 But the king was
wroth; and he sent his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned their
city. 8 Then saith he to his servants, The wedding is ready, but
they that were bidden were not worthy. 9 Go ye therefore unto the
partings of the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage
feast. 10 And those servants went out into the highways, and
gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding
was filled with guests. [This parable is very
596much like the
one given in Luke xiv. 16–24—see pp. 495–497.99] 11 But when the king
came in to behold the guests, he saw there a man [this one man is a type of
many—see verse 14] who had not
on a wedding-garment: 12 and he saith unto him, Friend, how camest
thou in hither not having a wedding-garment? And he was speechless. [We are
of the opinion that the king furnished upper garments to his guests. But the
antiquity of this custom is disputed. See Meyer, Lange and Trench, etc. in
loco. However, the fact is immaterial, for the man was
speechless—without excuse—which shows that he could have had a
garment from some source had he chosen to wear it.] 13 Then the king said to
the servants, Bind him hand and foot [the phrase suggests the impossibility
of escaping from divine judgment], and cast him out into the outer
darkness [the outdoor darkness: wedding feasts were usually held at
night]; there shall be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth.
14 For many are called, but few chosen. [Many guests are invited,
but few are accepted; because some neglect and despise the invitation, and
others cast dishonor upon the one who invites, by the self-willed and
irreverent way in which they accept his invitation. In this parable the first
parties invited represent the Jews; the city of murderers is Jerusalem; the
persons called from the highways are the Gentiles; the entrance of the king is
the coming of the Lord to final judgment; and
597the man without the
wedding-garment is anyone who will be found in the church without a suitable
character. The character of Christ is our wedding-garment, and all the
regenerated must wear it—Eph. iv. 24; Col.
iii. 10; Gal. iii. 27; John iii. 5; Rev. xix. 8, 9.]