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Benjamin Jowett

Regius Professor of Greek in the University of Oxford

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Summary

Benjamin Jowett (15 April 1817 – 1 October 1893) was renowned as an influential tutor and administrative reformer in the University of Oxford, a theologian and translator of Plato. He was Master of Balliol College, Oxford.

Born
Died
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April 15, 1817
Manchester, England
October 1, 1893
Lion Breweries
Early works, Ethics, Greece, History, Philosophy (Ancient)
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Importance is calculated using the length of this author's Wikipedia entry, as well as the number of works by and about this author.
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Biography

 Benjamin Jowett
Source: Wikipedia

Benjamin Jowett was born on April 15, 1817, at Camberwell, London. He was educated at St. Paul's School and Balliol College. In 1838, while still an undergraduate, he achieved the unusual distinction of being elected a fellow of Balliol. He received his bachelor's degree in 1839 and his master's in 1842, and in the same year he was ordained a deacon in the Anglican Church and appointed to a tutorship in thecollege . In 1845 he became a priest.

In his summers Jowett traveled on the Continent, making the acquaintance of leading German scholars. At that time he was fascinated with the philosophy of Hegel. He was especially attracted by Hegel's published lectures on the history of philosophy. By 1848 Jowett had also become a student of Plato and was lecturing on political economy. In the 1850s he was engaged in university reform, favoring the entry of more poor students, and in the reform of the Indian civil service.

However, Jowett's chief interest during this period was theology. His commentary on the Epistles of St. Paul (1855) is regarded as a landmark in the history of liberal theology. He argues that since St. Paul's thoughts transcended his power of expression, his meaning must be determined by the context rather than from a strictly grammatical and syntactical analysis of the words, a position which offended not only the more conservative theologians but also the leading philologists of the age. Despite the condemnations of conservative churchmen, Jowett was appointed in the same year to the prestigious regius professorship of Greek at Oxford.

Jowett began a series of lectures on Plato's Republic and on the fragments of the early Greek philosophers, the tremendous success of which greatly stimulated Greek scholarship throughout and beyond the university. In the following 10 years Jowett fell under even greater suspicion for his heterodox theological views. The publication of his essay "On the Interpretation of Scripture" caused an uproar in the Anglican Church and led to Jowett's civil trial for heresy, with the prosecution eventually being dropped.

From 1860 to 1870 Jowett accomplished a prodigious amount of work. He sponsored various administrative reforms in the university which relaxed the harsh student regulations, inspired reform of curriculum, and added to the physical plant. He was also influential in introducing reforms of elementary and secondary education throughout England, and in his own administration as master of Balliol he stressed teaching above research. In 1871 he published his famous four-volume translation of the Dialogues of Plato; a revised edition of five volumes appeared in 1875. He also published a two-volume translation of Thucydides's History (1881).

Jowett was vice-chancellor of Oxford from 1882 to 1886. Despite administrative preoccupations, he put out a translation of Aristotle's Politics with notes, but without the introductory essays which he did not live to finish. The strain of this enormous amount of work led to an illness in 1887 from which he never fully recovered. Nevertheless, he was able to put out a third revised edition of Plato in 1892 and to continue work on an edition of the Republic, upon which he had then labored 30 years and which was published posthumously. Jowett's view of Plato's thought, which is one of the leading interpretations, was that no unified or comprehensive systematic philosophy exists in Plato, that his view changes in different dialogs, and that in some no definite conclusion is ever reached. It was therefore better to treat each dialog separately.

Jowett died on Oct. 1, 1893. Through his own work and through his pupils he exerted a lasting influence on scholarship. He was largely responsible for the influential movement known as Oxford idealism (English Hegelianism).

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Works by Benjamin Jowett

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External Work.
13 editions published.

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External Work.
80 editions published.

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External Work.
7 editions published.

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External Work.
331 editions published.

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Benjamin Jowett lived two lives: one as a churchman, and the other as a philosopher. As Oxford’s regius professor of Greek, he gave lectures on both Paul’s letters and Plato’s dialogues. During visits to Continental Europe, Jowett met and studied the works of prominent German philosophers. He brought Hegelianism back to England with him, becoming one of Great Britain’s most influential liberal theologians. The Epistles of St. Paul is regarded as one of the seminal works of liberal theology and biblical hermeneutics. In spite of his natural inclinations as someone proficient in Greek, Jowett argued that the meanings of Paul’s letters should not be limited by language and syntax, but by context and history. More conservative theologians objected to Jowett’s extra- textual hermeneutic, but Jowett’s work nevertheless allowed biblical scholars to gain new insights from reading Paul in new ways.

External Work.
12 editions published.

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External Work.
14 editions published.

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External Work.
11 editions published.

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External Work.
13 editions published.

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External Work.
10 editions published.

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External Work.
7 editions published.

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External Work.
24 editions published.

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External Work.
149 editions published.

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Benjamin Jowett lived two lives: one as a churchman, and the other as a philosopher. As Oxford’s regius professor of Greek, he gave lectures on both Paul’s letters and Plato’s dialogues. During visits to Continental Europe, Jowett met and studied the works of prominent German philosophers. He brought Hegelianism back to England with him, becoming one of Great Britain’s most influential liberal theologians. This collection of essays highlight Jowett’s method of interpreting Scripture and its applications. Most of the essays published here contributed to the manuscript of his theological magnum opus, his commentary on the Pauline Epistles. Controversially, Jowett argued that context and tradition, as opposed to the actual linguistic content, revealed the meaning of the biblical text. More conservative theologians feared Jowett’s approach weakened the authority of Scripture, but others saw it as a way to appreciate it according to its true nature. “We are not to be slaves of words,” Jowett said constantly, “the reality beneath them is alone important.”

Benjamin Jowett lived two lives: one as a churchman, and the other as a philosopher. During visits to Continental Europe, Jowett met and studied the works of prominent German philosophers. He brought Hegelianism back to England with him, becoming one of Great Britain’s most influential liberal theologians. In the sermons he delivered as a priest, Jowett spoke only cautiously about matters of doctrine and theological systems, but what he did say illuminates much of his work as a theologian. As his Sermons on Faith and Doctrine reveal, Jowett did not believe anyone could reduce God’s Word or Christian tradition to an exact logical system. Instead, he felt that God’s Truth went over and above any human approximation. Jowett’s contemporaries interpreted his ideas either as an attack upon the system of orthodox doctrine or, alternatively, as a theological breakthrough reflecting a deep respect for God’s transcendence.

External Work.
8 editions published.

View on: WorldCat | Amazon

External Work.
31 editions published.

View on: WorldCat | Amazon

External Work.
14 editions published.

View on: WorldCat | Amazon

Benjamin Jowett lived two lives: one as a churchman, and the other as a philosopher. As Oxford’s regius professor of Greek, he gave lectures on both Paul’s letters and Plato’s dialogues. During visits to Continental Europe, Jowett met and studied the works of prominent German philosophers. He brought Hegelianism back to England with him, becoming one of Great Britain’s most influential liberal theologians. This edition of Jowett’s Theological Essays, containing a collection of shorter works as well as an abridgement of his commentary on the Pauline Epistles, provides readers a gateway text to the theologian’s thought and work. Controversially, Jowett argued that context and tradition, as opposed to the actual linguistic content, revealed the meaning of the biblical text. More conservative theologians feared Jowett’s approach weakened the authority of Scripture, but others saw it as a way to appreciate it according to its true nature. Similar debates remain alive and well in the modern church, and Jowett’s work remains all the more relevant.

External Work.
29 editions published.

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External Work.
16 editions published.

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External Work.
36 editions published.

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