Lu 24:1-12. Angelic
Announcement to the Women That Christ Is Risen—Peter's Visit to the Empty Sepulchre.
(See on Mr 16:1-8; and Mt 28:1-5).
5. Why, &c.—Astonishing question!
not "the risen," but "the Living One" (compare Re 1:18); and the surprise expressed in it
implies an incongruity in His being there at all, as if, though
He might submit to it, "it was impossible He should be
holden of it" (Ac 2:24).
6. in Galilee—to which these women
themselves belonged (Lu 23:55).
7. Saying, &c.—How remarkable it is
to hear angels quoting a whole sentence of Christ's to the disciples,
mentioning where it was uttered, and wondering it was not fresh in
their memory, as doubtless it was in theirs! (1Ti 3:16, "seen of angels," and 1Pe 1:12).
10. Joanna—(See on Lu
12. Peter, &c.—(See on Joh 20:1-10).
Lu 24:13-35. Christ Appears
to the Two Going to Emmaus.
13. two of them—One was Cleopas
24:18); who the other was is
Emmaus—about seven and a half miles
from Jerusalem. They probably lived there and were going home after the
14-16. communed and reasoned—exchanged
views and feelings, weighing afresh all the facts, as detailed in Lu
drew near—coming up behind them as
eyes holden—Partly He was "in another
16:12), and partly there
seems to have been an operation on their own vision; though certainly,
as they did not believe that He was alive, His company as a fellow
traveller was the last thing they would expect,
17-24. communications, &c.—The words
imply the earnest discussion that had appeared in their manner.
18. knowest not, &c.—If he knew not
the events of the last few days in Jerusalem, he must be a mere
sojourner; if he did, how could he suppose they would be talking of
anything else? How artless all this!
19. Concerning Jesus, &c.—As if
feeling it a relief to have someone to unburden his thoughts and
feelings to, this disciple goes over the main facts in his own
desponding style, and this was just what our Lord wished.
21. we trusted, &c.—They expected
the promised Deliverance at His hand, but in the current sense of it,
not by His death.
besides all this—not only did His
death seem to give the fatal blow to their hopes, but He had been two
days dead already, and this was the third. It is true, they add, some
of our women gave us a surprise, telling us of a vision of angels they
had at the empty grave this morning that said He was alive, and some of
ourselves who went thither confirmed their statement; but then Himself
they saw not. A doleful tale truly, told out of the deepest
25-27. fools—senseless, without
26. Ought not Christ—"the Christ," "the
to suffer … and enter—that is,
through the gate of suffering (and suffering "these things," or
such a death) to enter into His glory. "Ye believe in the glory;
but these very sufferings are the predicted gate of entrance into
27. Moses and all the prophets,
&c.—Here our Lord both teaches us the reverence due to Old
Testament Scripture, and the great burden of it—"Himself."
28-31. made as though, &c.—(Compare
Mr 6:48; Ge 18:3, 5; 32:24-26).
29. constrained, &c.—But for this,
the whole design of the interview had been lost; but it was not to
be lost, for He who only wished to be constrained had kindled a
longing in the hearts of His travelling companions which was not to be
so easily put off. And does not this still repeat itself in the
interviews of the Saviour with His loving, longing disciples? Else why
do they say,
Abide with me from morn to eve,
For without Thee I cannot live;
Abide with me when night is nigh,
For without Thee I cannot die.
30, 31. he took … and blessed … and
their eyes were opened—The stranger first startles them by
taking the place of master at their own table, but on proceeding to
that act which reproduced the whole scene of the last Supper, a rush of
associations and recollections disclosed their guest, and He stood
confessed before their astonished gaze—THEIR RISEN Lord! They were going to gaze on Him,
perhaps embrace Him, but that moment He is gone! It was enough.
32-34. They now tell each to the other how
their hearts burned—were fired—within them at His talk and
His expositions of Scripture. "Ah! this accounts for it: We could not
understand the glow of self-evidencing light, love, glory that ravished
our hearts; but now we do." They cannot rest—how could
they?—they must go straight back and tell the news. They find the
eleven, but ere they have time to tell their tale, their ears are
saluted with the thrilling news, "The Lord is risen indeed, and hath
appeared to Simon." Most touching and precious intelligence
this. The only one of the Eleven to whom He appeared alone was
he, it seems, who had so shamefully denied Him. What passed at that
interview we shall never know here. Probably it was too sacred for
disclosure. (See on Mr 16:7). The two from Emmaus
now relate what had happened to them, and while thus comparing notes of
their Lord's appearances, lo! Christ Himself stands in the midst of
them. What encouragement to doubting, dark, true-hearted disciples!
Lu 24:36-53. Jesus Appears
to the Assembled Disciples—His
36. Jesus … stood—(See on Joh 20:19).
37, 38. a spirit—the ghost of their dead
Lord, but not Himself in the body (Ac 12:15; Mt 14:26).
thoughts—rather, "reasonings"; that
is, whether He were risen or no, and whether this was His very
39-43. Behold, &c.—lovingly offering
them both ocular and tangible demonstration of the
reality of His resurrection.
a spirit hath not—an important
statement regarding "spirits."
flesh and bones—He says not "flesh and
blood"; for the blood is the life of the animal and corruptible
9:4), which "cannot inherit
the kingdom of God" (1Co 15:50);
but "flesh and bones," implying the identity, but with
diversity of laws, of the resurrection body. (See on Joh 20:24-28).
41. believed not for joy, &c.—They
did believe, else they had not rejoiced [Bengel]. But it seemed too good to be true
42. honeycomb—common frugal fare,
43. eat before them—that is, let them
see Him doing it: not for His own necessity, but their conviction.
44-49. These are the words, &c.—that
is, "Now you will understand what seemed so dark to you when I told you
about the Son of man being put to death and rising again" (Lu 18:31-34).
while … yet with you—a striking
expression, implying that He was now, as the dead and risen Saviour,
virtually dissevered from this scene of mortality, and from all
ordinary intercourse with His mortal disciples.
law … prophets …
psalms—the three Jewish divisions of the Old Testament
45. Then opened he, &c.—a statement
of unspeakable value; expressing, on the one hand, Christ's
immediate access to the human spirit and absolute power over
it, to the adjustment of its vision, and permanent rectification
for spiritual discernment (than which it is impossible to conceive a
stronger evidence of His proper divinity); and, on the other hand,
making it certain that the manner of interpreting the \ Old
Testament which the apostles afterwards employed (see the Acts and
Epistles), has the direct sanction of Christ Himself.
46. behoved Christ—(See on Lu 24:26).
47. beginning at Jerusalem—(1) As the
metropolis and heart of the then existing kingdom of God:—"to the
Jew first" (Ro 1:16; Ac 13:46; Isa 2:3, see on Mt 10:6).
(2) As the great reservoir and laboratory of all the sin and crime of
the nation, thus proclaiming for all time that there is mercy in Christ
for the chief of sinners. (See on Mt 23:37).
48. witnesses—(Compare Ac 1:8, 22).
49. I send—the present tense, to
intimate its nearness.
promise of my Father—that is, what My
Father hath promised; the Holy Ghost, of which Christ is the
authoritative Dispenser (Joh 14:7; Re 3:1; 5:6).
endued—invested, or clothed with;
implying, as the parallels show (Ro 13:14; 1Co
15:53; Ga 3:27; Col 3:9, 10),
their being so penetrated and acted upon by conscious supernatural
power (in the full sense of that word) as to stamp with divine
authority the whole exercise of their apostolic office, including,
of course, their pen as well as their mouth.
50-53. to Bethany—not to the village
itself, but on the "descent" to it from Mount Olivet.
51. while he blessed … parted,
&c.—Sweet intimation! Incarnate Love, Crucified Love, Risen
Love, now on the wing for heaven, waiting only those odorous gales
which were to waft Him to the skies, goes away in benedictions, that in
the character of Glorified, Enthroned Love, He might continue His
benedictions, but in yet higher form, until He come again! And oh, if
angels were so transported at His birth into this scene of tears and
death, what must have been their ecstasy as they welcomed and attended
Him "far above all heavens" into the presence-chamber, and conducted
Him to the right hand of the Majesty on High! Thou hast an everlasting
right, O my Saviour, to that august place. The brightness of the
Father's glory, enshrined in our nature, hath won it well; for He
poured out His soul unto death, and led captivity captive, receiving
gifts for men, yea for the rebellious, that the Lord God might dwell
among them. Thou art the King of glory, O Christ. Lift up your heads, O
ye gates, be lifted up, ye everlasting doors, that the King of glory
may come in! Even so wilt Thou change these vile bodies of ours, that
they may be like unto Thine own glorious body; and then with gladness
and rejoicing shall they be brought, they shall enter into the King's
52. worshipped him—certainly in the
strictest sense of adoration.
returned to Jerusalem—as instructed to
do: but not till after gazing, as if entranced, up into the blue vault
in which He had disappeared, they were gently checked by two shining
ones, who assured them He would come again to them in the like manner
as He had gone into heaven. (See on Ac 1:10, 11).
This made them return, not with disappointment at His removal, but
"with great joy."
53. were continually in the temple—that
is, every day at the regular hours of prayer till the day of