Mr 16:1-20. Angelic
Announcement to the Women on the First Day of the Week, that Christ Is
Risen—His Appearances after His
of His Gospel. ( = Mt 28:1-10, 16-20;
Lu 24:1-51; Joh 20:1, 2, 11-29).
The Resurrection Announced to the Women (Mr 16:1-8).
1. And when the sabbath was past—that
is, at sunset of our Saturday.
Mary Magdalene—(See on Lu 8:2).
and Mary the mother of James—James the
Less (see Mr 15:40).
and Salome—the mother of Zebedee's
sons (compare Mr 15:40 with Mt 27:56).
had bought sweet spices, that they might come
and anoint him—The word is simply "bought." But our
translators are perhaps right in rendering it here "had bought," since
it would appear, from Lu 23:56,
that they had purchased them immediately after the Crucifixion, on the
Friday evening, during the short interval that remained to them
before sunset, when the sabbath rest began; and that they had only
deferred using them to anoint the body till the sabbath rest should be
over. On this "anointing," see on Joh
2. And very early in the morning—(See on
the first day of the week, they came unto the
sepulchre at the rising of the sun—not quite literally, but
"at earliest dawn"; according to a way of speaking not uncommon, and
occurring sometimes in the Old Testament. Thus our Lord rose on the
third day; having lain in the grave part of Friday, the whole of
Saturday, and part of the following First day.
3. And they said among themselves—as
they were approaching the sacred spot.
Who shall roll us away the stone from the door
of the sepulchre? … for it was very great—On reaching
it they find their difficulty gone—the stone already rolled away
by an unseen hand. And are there no others who, when advancing to
duty in the face of appalling difficulties, find their stone also
5. And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a
young man—In Mt 28:2 he is
called "the angel of the Lord"; but here he is described as he appeared
to the eye, in the bloom of a life that knows no decay. In Matthew he
is represented as sitting on the stone outside the sepulchre;
but since even there he says, "Come, see the place where the
Lord lay" (Mt 28:6), he
seems, as Alford says, to have gone in
with them from without; only awaiting their arrival to accompany them
into the hallowed spot, and instruct them about it.
sitting on the right side—having
respect to the position in which His Lord had lain there. This trait is
peculiar to Mark; but compare Lu 1:11.
clothed in a long white garment—On its
length, see Isa 6:1; and
on its whiteness, see on Mt 28:3.
and they were affrighted.
6. And he saith unto them, Be not
affrighted—a stronger word than "Fear not" in Matthew (Mt 28:5).
Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was
crucified!—"the Nazarene, the Crucified."
he is risen; he is not here—(See on Lu 24:5, 6).
behold the place where they laid
him—(See on Mt 28:6).
7. But go your way, tell his disciples and
Peter—This Second Gospel, being drawn up—as all the
earliest tradition states—under the eye of Peter, or from
materials chiefly furnished by him, there is something deeply affecting
in the preservation of this little clause by Mark alone.
that he goeth before you into Galilee; there
shall ye see him, as he said unto you—(See on Mt 28:7).
8. And they went out quickly, and fled from the
sepulchre: for they trembled and were amazed—"for tremor and
amazement seized them."
neither said they anything to any man; for they
were afraid—How intensely natural and simple is this!
Appearances of Jesus after His Resurrection
9. Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of
the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast
seven devils—There is some difficulty here, and different
ways of removing it have been adopted. She had gone with the other
women to the sepulchre (Mr 16:1),
parting from them, perhaps, before their interview with the angel, and
on finding Peter and John she had come with them back to the spot; and
it was at this second visit, it would seem, that Jesus appeared to this
Mary, as detailed in Joh 20:11-18. To a woman was this honor given to
be the first that saw the risen Redeemer, and that woman was NOT his virgin-mother.
11. And they, when they had heard that he was
alive, and had been seen of her, believed not—This, which is
once and again repeated of them all, is most important in its bearing
on their subsequent testimony to His resurrection at the risk of life
12. After that he appeared in another
form—(compare Lu 24:16).
unto two of them as they walked, and went into
the country—The reference here, of course, is to His
manifestation to the two disciples going to Emmaus, so exquisitely told
by the Third Evangelist (see on Lu 24:13,
13. And they went and told it unto the residue:
neither believed they them, &c.
15. And he said unto them, Go ye into all the
world, and preach the Gospel to every creature—See on Joh 20:19-23 and Lu
16. He that believeth and is
baptized—Baptism is here put for the external signature of
the inner faith of the heart, just as "confessing with the mouth" is in
10:10; and there also as here
this outward manifestation, once mentioned as the proper fruit
of faith, is not repeated in what follows (Ro 10:11).
shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall
be damned—These awful issues of the reception or rejection of
the Gospel, though often recorded in other connections, are given in
this connection only by Mark.
17, 18. And these signs shall follow them that
believe … They shall take up serpents—These two verses
also are peculiar to Mark.
The Ascension and Triumphant Proclamation of the
Gospel Thereafter (Mr 16:19, 20).
19. So then after the Lord—an epithet
applied to Jesus by this Evangelist only in Mr 16:19, 20, when He comes to His glorious
Ascension and its subsequent fruits. It is most frequent in Luke.
had spoken unto them, he was received up into
heaven—See on Lu 24:50, 51.
and sat on the right hand of God—This
great truth is here only related as a fact in the Gospel history. In
that exalted attitude He appeared to Stephen (Ac 7:55, 56); and it is thereafter perpetually
referred to as His proper condition in glory.
20. And they went forth, and preached everywhere,
the Lord working with them, and confirming the word with signs
following. Amen—We have in this closing verse a most
important link of connection with the Acts of the Apostles, where He
who directed all the movements of the infant Church is perpetually
styled "The Lord"; thus illustrating His
own promise for the rounding and building up of the Church, "Lo, I AM WITH You alway!"