1. Son of man—often applied to Ezekiel;
once only to Daniel (Da 8:17), and
not to any other prophet. The phrase was no doubt taken from Chaldean
usage during the sojourn of Daniel and Ezekiel in Chaldea. But the
spirit who sanctioned the words of the prophet implied by it the
lowliness and frailty of the prophet as man "lower than the
angels," though now admitted to the vision of angels and of God
Himself, "lest he should be exalted through the abundance of the
revelations" (2Co 12:7). He
is appropriately so called as being type of the divine "Son of man"
here revealed as "man" (see on Eze 1:26). That
title, as applied to Messiah, implies at once His lowliness and
His exaltation, in His manifestations as the Representative
man, at His first and second comings respectively (Ps
8:4-8; Mt 16:13; 20:18; and
on the other hand, Da 7:13, 14; Mt 26:64; Joh
2. spirit entered … when he
spake—The divine word is ever accompanied by the Spirit
set … upon … feet—He had
been "upon his face" (Eze 1:28).
Humiliation on our part is followed by exaltation on God's part (Eze 3:23, 24; Job 22:29; Jas 4:6; 1Pe 5:5). "On the feet" was the fitting attitude
when he was called on to walk and work for God (Eph 5:8; 6:15).
that I heard—rather, "then I
3. nation—rather, "nations"; the word
usually applied to the heathen or Gentiles; here to the
Jews, as being altogether heathenized with idolatries. So in
1:10, they are named "Sodom"
and "Gomorrah." They were now become "Lo-ammi," not the people
of God (Ho
4. impudent—literally, "hard-faced"
children—resumptive of "they" (Eze 2:3); the "children" walk in their
I … send thee—God opposes His
command to all obstacles. Duties are ours; events are God's.
Thus saith the Lord God—God opposes
His name to the obstinacy of the people.
5. forbear—namely, to hear.
yet shall know—Even if they will not
hear, at least they will not have ignorance to plead as the cause of
their perversity (Eze 33:33).
6. briers—not as the Margin and
Gesenius, "rebels," which would not
correspond so well to "thorns." The Hebrew is from a root
meaning "to sting" as nettles do. The wicked are often so called
(2Sa 23:6; So 2:2; Isa 9:18).
scorpions—a reptile about six inches
long with a deadly sting at the end of the tail.
be not afraid—(Lu 12:4; 1Pe
7. most rebellious—literally,
"rebellion" itself: its very essence.
8. eat—(See on Jer
15:16; Re 10:9, 10). The idea is to possess himself fully
of the message and digest it in the mind; not literal eating,
but such an appropriation of its unsavory contents that they
should become, as it were, part of himself, so as to impart them the
more vividly to his hearers.
9. roll—the form in which ancient books
10. within and without—on the face and
the back. Usually the parchment was written only on its inside
when rolled up; but so full was God's message of impending woes that it
was written also on the back.