Jer 24:1-10. The Restoration
of the Captives in Babylon and the Destruction of the Refractory Party
in Judea and in Egypt, Represented under the Type of a Basket of Good,
and One of Bad, Figs.
1. Lord showed me—Am 7:1, 4, 7;
8:1, contains the same
formula, with the addition of "thus" prefixed.
carried … captive
Jeconiah—(Jer 22:24; 2Ki 24:12, &c.; 2Ch
carpenters, &c.—One thousand
artisans were carried to Babylon, both to work for the king there, and
to deprive Jerusalem of their services in the event of a future siege
2. figs … first ripe—the
"boccora," or early fig (see on Isa 28:4).
Baskets of figs used to be offered as first-fruits in the temple. The
good figs represent Jeconiah and the exiles in Babylon; the
bad, Zedekiah and the obstinate Jews in Judea. They are called
good and bad respectively, not in an absolute, but a
comparative sense, and in reference to the punishment of the latter.
This prophecy was designed to encourage the despairing exiles, and to
reprove the people at home, who prided themselves as superior to those
in Babylon and abused the forbearance of God (compare Jer 52:31-34).
5. acknowledge—regard with favor,
like as thou lookest on the good figs favorably.
for their good—Their removal to
Babylon saved them from the calamities which befell the rest of the
nation and led them to repentance there: so God bettered their
condition (2Ki 25:27-30). Daniel and Ezekiel were among these
6. (Jer 12:15).
not pull … down … not pluck …
up—only partially fulfilled in the restoration from Babylon;
antitypically and fully to be fulfilled hereafter (Jer 32:41;
7. (Jer 30:22; 31:33; 32:38). Their conversion from idolatry
to the one true God, through the chastening effect of the Babylonish
captivity, is here expressed in language which, in its fulness, applies
to the more complete conversion hereafter of the Jews, "with their
whole heart" (Jer 29:13),
through the painful discipline of their present dispersion. The source
of their conversion is here stated to be God's prevenient
for they shall return—Repentance,
though not the cause of pardon, is its invariable accompaniment: it is
the effect of God's giving a heart to know Him.
8. in … Egypt—Many Jews had fled
for refuge to Egypt, which was leagued with Judea against Babylon.
9. removed, &c.—(Jer 15:4). Calvin
translates, "I will give them up to agitation, in all," &c.;
This verse quotes the curse (De 28:25, 37). Compare Jer 29:18, 22; Ps 44:13,