Jer 43:1-13. The Jews Carry
Jeremiah and Baruch into Egypt. Jeremiah Foretells by a Type the
Conquest of Egypt by Nebuchadnezzar, and the Fate of the
2. Azariah—the author of the project of
going into Egypt; a very different man from the Azariah in Babylon
proud—Pride is the parent of
disobedience and contempt of God.
3. Baruch—He being the younger spake out
the revelations which he received from Jeremiah more vehemently. From
this cause, and from their knowing that he was in favor with the
Chaldeans, arose their suspicion of him. Their perverse fickleness was
astonishing. In the forty-second chapter they acknowledged the
trustworthiness of Jeremiah, of which they had for so long so many
proofs; yet here they accuse him of a lie. The mind of the unregenerate
man is full of deceits.
5. remnant … returned from all
nations—(Jer 40:11, 12).
6. the king's daughters—Zedekiah's
7. Tahpanhes—(See on Jer 2:16); Daphne on the Tanitic branch of the Nile,
near Pelusium. They naturally came to it first, being on the frontier
of Egypt, towards Palestine.
9. stones—to be laid as the foundation
beneath Nebuchadnezzar's throne (Jer 43:10).
brick-kiln—Bricks in that hot country
are generally dried in the sun, not burned. The palace of Pharaoh was
being built or repaired at this time; hence arose the mortar and
brick-kiln at the entry. Of the same materials as that of which
Pharaoh's house was built, the substructure of Nebuchadnezzar's throne
should be constructed. By a visible symbol implying that the throne of
the latter shall be raised on the downfall of the former. Egypt at that
time contended with Babylon for the empire of the East.
10. my servant—God often makes one
wicked man or nation a scourge to another (Eze 29:18, 19,
royal pavilion—the rich tapestry
(literally, "ornament") which hung round the throne from above.
11. such as are for death to death—that
is, the deadly plague. Some he shall cause to die by the plague arising
from insufficient or bad food; others, by the sword; others he shall
lead captive, according as God shall order it (see on Jer 15:2).
12. houses of … gods—He shall not
spare even the temple, such will be His fury. A reproof to the Jews
that they betook themselves to Egypt, a land whose own safety depended
on helpless idols.
burn … carry …
captives—burn the Egyptian idols of wood, carry
to Babylon those of gold and other metals.
array himself with the land,
has the same metaphor.
as a shepherd, &c.—He shall become
master of Egypt as speedily and easily as a shepherd, about to pass on
with his flock to another place, puts on his garment.
13. images—statues or obelisks.
Beth-shemesh—that is, "the house of
the sun," in Hebrew; called by the Greeks "Heliopolis"; by the
Egyptians, "On" (Ge 41:45);
east of the Nile, and a few miles north of Memphis. Ephraim Syrus says,
the statue rose to the height of sixty cubits; the base was ten cubits.
Above there was a miter of a thousand pounds weight. Hieroglyphics are
traced around the only obelisk remaining in the present day, sixty or
seventy feet high. On the fifth year after the overthrow of Jerusalem,
Nebuchadnezzar, leaving the siege of Tyre, undertook his expedition to
Egypt [Josephus, Antiquities,
10.9,7]. The Egyptians, according to the Arabs, have a tradition that
their land was devastated by Nebuchadnezzar in consequence of their
king having received the Jews under his protection, and that it lay
desolate forty years. But see on Eze 29:2; Eze 29:13.
shall he burn—Here the act is
attributed to Nebuchadnezzar, the instrument, which in Jer 43:12 is attributed to God. If even the
temples be not spared, much less private houses.