Jer 11:1-23. Epitome of the
Covenant Found in the Temple in Josiah's Reign. Judah's Revolt from It,
and God's Consequent Wrath.
2. this covenant—alluding to the book of
the law (De
31:26) found in the temple by
Hilkiah the high priest, five years after Jeremiah's call to the
prophetic office (2Ki 22:8-23:25).
Hear ye—Others besides Jeremiah were
to promulgate God's will to the people; it was the duty of the priests
to read the law to them (Mal 2:7).
3. (De 27:26; Ga 3:10).
4. in the day—that is, when. The
Sinaitic covenant was made some time after the exodus, but the two
events are so connected as to be viewed as one.
iron furnace—(De 4:20; 1Ki
8:51). "Furnace" expresses
the searching ordeal; "iron," the long duration of it. The furnace was
of earth, not of iron (Ps 12:6); a furnace, in heat and duration enough
to melt even iron. God's deliverance of them from such an ordeal
aggravates their present guilt.
do them—namely, the words of the
covenant (Jer 11:3).
so, &c.—(Le 26:3, 12).
5. oath—(Ps 105:9, 10).
a land flowing with milk and
honey—(See on Nu 14:8).
as it is this day—These are the
concluding words of God to the Israelites when formerly brought out of
Egypt, "Obey … that I may at this time make good the
promise I made to your fathers, to give," &c. [Maurer]. English Version makes the words
apply to Jeremiah's time, "As ye know at this time, that God's
promise has been fulfilled," namely, in Israel's acquisition of
So be it—Hebrew, Amen. Taken
27:15-26. Jeremiah hereby
solemnly concurs in the justice of the curses pronounced there (see
6. Jeremiah was to take a prophetic tour
throughout Judah, to proclaim everywhere the denunciations in the book
of the law found in the temple.
Hear … do—(Ro 2:13; Jas
7. rising early—(Jer 7:13).
will bring—The words, "even unto this
11:7), confirm English
Version rather than the rendering of Rosenmuller: "I brought upon them."
words—threats (Jer 11:3;
9. conspiracy—a deliberate
combination against God and against Josiah's reformation. Their
idolatry is not the result of a hasty impulse (Ps 83:5; Eze
11. cry unto me—contrasted with "cry
unto the gods," (Jer 11:12).
not hearken—(Ps 18:41; Pr 1:28; Isa 1:15; Mic 3:4).
12. cry unto the gods … not
save—(De 32:37, 38). Compare this verse and beginning of
Jer 11:13; Jer 2:28.
in the time of their trouble—that is,
calamity (Jer 2:27).
13. shameful thing—Hebrew,
"shame," namely, the idol, not merely shameful, but the essence
of all that is shameful (Jer 3:24; Ho 9:10), which will bring shame and confusion
on yourselves [Calvin].
14. There is a climax of guilt which admits of
no further intercessory prayer (Ex 32:10, in the Chaldee version, "leave
off praying"; Jer 7:16; 1Sa 16:1; 15:35; 1Jo 5:16). Our mind should be at one with
God in all that He is doing, even in the rejection of the
for their trouble—on account of their
trouble. Other manuscripts read, "in the time of their trouble;"
a gloss from Jer 11:12.
15. my beloved—My elect people, Judea;
this aggravates their ingratitude (Jer 12:7).
lewdness with many—(Eze 16:25). Rather, "that great (or, manifold)
enormity"; literally, "the enormity, the manifold"; namely, their
idolatry, which made their worship of God in the temple a mockery
(compare Jer 7:10; Eze 23:39) [Henderson].
2:12-14; Tit 1:15), namely,
the sacrifices, which, through the guilt of the Jews, were no longer
holy, that is, acceptable to God. The sacrifices on which they
relied will, therefore, no longer protect them. Judah is represented as
a priest's wife, who, by adultery, has forfeited her share in the flesh
of the sacrifices, and yet boasts of her prerogative at the very same
when thou doest evil—literally, "when
thy evil" (is at hand). Piscator
translates, "When thy calamity is at hand (according to God's
threats), thou gloriest" (against God, instead of humbling thyself).
English Version is best (compare Pr 2:14).
16. called thy name—made thee.
olive—(Ps 52:8; Ro 11:17). The "olive" is chosen to represent the
adoption of Judah by the free grace of God, as its oil is
the image of richness (compare Ps 23:5; 104:15).
with … noise of …
tumult—or, "at the noise," &c., namely, at the
tumult of the invading army (Isa 13:4) [Maurer]. Or, rather, "with the sound of a mighty
voice," namely, that of God, that is, the thunder; thus there is no
confusion of metaphors. The tree stricken with lightning has "fire
kindled upon it, and the branches are broken," at one and
the same time [Houbigant].
17. that planted thee—(Jer 2:21; Isa
against themselves—The sinner's sin is
to his own hurt (see on Jer 7:19).
18, 19. Jeremiah here digresses to notice the
attempt on his life plotted by his townsmen of Anathoth. He had no
suspicion of it, until Jehovah revealed it to him (Jer 12:6).
the Lord … thou—The change of
person from the third to the second accords with the excited feelings
of the prophet.
then—when I was in peril of my
their doings—those of the men of
Anathoth. His thus alluding to them, before he has mentioned their
name, is due to his excitement.
19. lamb—literally, a "pet lamb," such
as the Jews often had in their houses, for their children to play with;
and the Arabs still have (2Sa 12:3).
His own familiar friends had plotted against the prophet. The
language is exactly the same as that applied to Messiah (Isa 53:7). Each prophet and patriarch exemplified
in his own person some one feature or more in the manifold attributes
and sufferings of the Messiah to come; just as the saints have done
since His coming (Ga 2:20; Php 3:10; Col 1:24). This adapted both the more
experimentally to testify of Christ.
tree with … fruit—literally, "in
its fruit" or "food," that is, when it is in fruit. Proverbial, to
express the destruction of cause and effect together. The man is the
tree; his teaching, the fruit. Let us destroy the prophet and his
prophecies; namely, those threatening destruction to the nation, which
offended them. Compare Mt 7:17,
which also refers to prophets and their doctrines.
20. triest … heart—(Re 2:23).
revealed—committed my cause.
Jeremiah's wish for vengeance was not personal but ministerial, and
accorded with God's purpose revealed to him against the enemies alike
of God and of His servant (Ps 37:34; 54:7; 112:8; 118:7).
21. Prophesy not—(Isa
30:10; Am 2:12; Mic 2:6). If
Jeremiah had not uttered his denunciatory predictions, they would not
have plotted against him. None were more bitter than his own fellow
townsmen. Compare the conduct of the Nazarites towards Jesus of
Nazareth (Lu 4:24-29).
22. The retribution of their intended murder
shall be in kind; just as in Messiah's case (Ps 69:8-28).
23. (Jer 23:12).
the year of … visitation—The
Septuagint translates, "in the year of their," &c.,
that is, at the time when I shall visit them in wrath. Jerome supports English Version. "Year" often
means a determined time.