that day—the calamitous period described
in previous chapter.
seven—indefinite number among the
Jews. So many men would be slain, that there would be very many more
women than men; for example, seven women, contrary to their natural
bashfulness, would sue to (equivalent to "take hold of," Isa 3:6) one man to marry them.
eat … own bread—foregoing the
privileges, which the law (Ex 21:10)
gives to wives, when a man has more than one.
reproach—of being unwedded and
childless; especially felt among the Jews, who were looking for "the
seed of the woman," Jesus Christ, described in Isa
4:2; Isa 54:1, 4; Lu 1:25.
2. In contrast to those on whom vengeance
falls, there is a manifestation of Jesus Christ to the "escaped of
Israel" in His characteristic attributes, beauty and
glory, typified in Aaron's garments (Ex 28:2). Their sanctification is
promised as the fruit of their being "written" in the book of life by
sovereign love (Isa 4:3); the
means of it are the "spirit of judgment" and that of "burning" (Isa 4:4). Their "defense" by the special
presence of Jesus Christ is promised (Isa 4:5, 6).
branch—the sprout of Jehovah. Messiah (Jer 23:5;
33:15; Zec 3:8; 6:12; Lu 1:78, Margin). The parallel clause
does not, as Maurer objects, oppose
this; for "fruit of the earth" answers to "branch"; He shall not be a
dry, but a fruit-bearing branch (Isa 27:6; Eze 34:23-27). He is "of the earth" in
His birth and death, while He is also "of the Lord"
(Jehovah) (Joh 12:24).
His name, "the Branch," chiefly regards His descent from David, when
the family was low and reduced (Lu 2:4, 7, 24); a sprout with more than David's glory,
springing as from a decayed tree (Isa 11:1; 53:2; Re
excellent—(Heb 1:4; 8:6).
comely—(So 5:15, 16; Eze 16:14).
escaped of Israel—the elect remnant
11:5); (1) in the return from
Babylon; (2) in the escape from Jerusalem's destruction under Titus;
(3) in the still future assault on Jerusalem, and deliverance of "the
third part"; events mutually analogous, like concentric circles (Zec 12:2-10; 13:8, 9, &c.; 14:2; Eze
39:23-29; Joe 3:1-21).
3. left in Zion—equivalent to the
"escaped of Israel" (Isa 4:2).
shall be called—shall be (Isa 9:6).
holy—(Isa 52:1; 60:21; Re
written—in the book of life,
antitypically (Php 4:3; Re 3:5; 17:8). Primarily, in the register kept
of Israel's families and tribes.
living—not "blotted out" from the
registry, as dead; but written there as among the "escaped of
Israel" (Da 12:1; Eze 13:9). To the elect of Israel, rather
than the saved in general, the special reference is here (Joe 3:17).
4. When—that is, After.
filth—moral (Isa 1:21-25).
daughters of Zion—same as in Isa 3:16.
purged—purified by judgments;
destroying the ungodly, correcting and refining the godly.
spirit—Whatever God does in the
universe, He does by His Spirit, "without the hand" of man
(Job 34:20; Ps 104:30). Here He is represented using His power
burning—(Mt 3:11, 12). The same Holy Ghost, who
sanctifies believers by the fire of affliction (Mal 3:2, 3), dooms unbelievers to the fire of
perdition (1Co 3:13-15).
5. create—The "new creation" needs as
much God's creative omnipotence, as the material creation (2Co 4:6; Eph
2:10). So it shall be in the
case of the Holy Jerusalem to come (Isa 65:17, 18).
upon—The pillar of cloud stood over
the tabernacle, as symbol of God's favor and presence (Ex 13:21,
22; Ps 91:1). Both on
individual families ("every dwelling") and on the general
sacred "assemblies" (Le 23:2). The
"cloud" became a "fire" by night in order to be seen by the Lord's
upon all the glory—"upon the glorious
whole"; namely, the Lord's people and sanctuary [Maurer]. May it not mean, "Upon whatever the glory
(the Shekinah spoken of in the previous clause) shall rest,
there shall be a defense." The symbol of His presence shall ensure also
safety. So it was to Israel against the Egyptians at the Red Sea (Ex 14:19,
20). So it shall be to
literal Jerusalem hereafter (Zec 2:5). Also to the Church, the spiritual
"Zion" (Isa 32:18; 33:15-17; Heb 12:22).
tabernacle—Christ's body (Joh 1:14). "The word 'tabernacled' (Greek
for 'dwelt') among us" (Joh 2:21; Heb 8:2). It is a "shadow from the heat" and
"refuge from the storm" of divine wrath against man's sins (Isa 25:4). Heat and storms are violent in
the East; so that a portable tent is a needful part of a traveller's
outfit. Such shall be God's wrath hereafter, from which the "escaped of
Israel" shall be sheltered by Jesus Christ (Isa 26:20, 21;
covert—answering to "defense" (Isa 4:5). The Hebrew for
defense in Isa 4:5, is
"covering"; the lid of the ark or mercy seat was named from the same
Hebrew word, caphar; the propitiatory; for it,
being sprinkled with blood by the high priest once a year, on the day
of atonement, covered the people typically from wrath. Jesus
Christ is the true Mercy Seat, on whom the Shekinah rested, the
propitiatory, or atonement, beneath whom the law is kept, as it
was literally within the ark, and man is covered from the storm.
The redeemed Israel shall also be, by union with Him, a tabernacle for
God's glory, which, unlike that in the wilderness, shall not be taken