Isa 60:1-22. Israel's Glory
after Her Affliction.
An ode of congratulation to Zion on her restoration
at the Lord's second advent to her true position as the mother church
from which the Gospel is to be diffused to the whole Gentile world; the
first promulgation of the Gospel among the Gentiles, beginning at
Jerusalem [Lu 24:47],
is an earnest of this. The language is too glorious to apply to
anything that as yet has happened.
1. Arise—from the dust in which thou
hast been sitting as a mourning female captive (Isa 3:26; 52:1,
shine—or, "be enlightened; for thy
light cometh"; impart to others the spiritual light now given thee
60:3). The Margin and
Gesenius translate, "Be enlightened"; be
resplendent with posterity; imperative for the future indicative, "Thou
shalt be enlightened" (Isa 58:8, 10; Eph 5:8, 14).
glory of the Lord—not merely the
Shekinah, or cloud of glory, such as rested above the ark in the old
dispensation, but the glory of the Lord in person (Jer 3:16, 17).
is risen—as the sun (Mal 4:2; Lu
2. darkness … earth—the
rest of the earth: in contrast with "light … upon
thee" (Isa 60:1).
The earth will be afterwards enlightened through Israel (Isa 9:2).
be seen—conspicuously: so the
3. (Isa 2:3; 11:10;
43:6; 49:22; 66:12).
kings—(Isa 49:7, 23; 52:15).
thy rising—rather, "thy sun-rising,"
that is, "to the brightness that riseth upon thee."
4. Lift up … eyes—Jerusalem is
addressed as a female with eyes cast down from grief.
all they … they—The Gentile
peoples come together to bring back the dispersed Hebrews, restore
their city, and worship Jehovah with offerings.
nursed at thy side—rather "carried at
thy side." It is the custom in the East to carry the children astride
on the hip, with the arms around the body (Isa 66:12).
5. see—(Isa 60:4), namely, the bringing back of thy
flow together—rather, "overflow
with joy" [Lowth]; or, from a
different Hebrew root, "be bright with joy" [Gesenius] (Job 3:4).
fear—rather, beat with the
agitation of solemn joy at the marvellous sight [Horsley] (Jer 33:9).
be enlarged—swell with delight.
Grief, on the contrary, contracts the heart.
abundance of … sea—the
wealth of the lands beyond the sea, as in Solomon's time,
the type of the coming reign of the Prince of peace.
converted—rather, "be turned,"
instead of being turned to purposes of sin and idolatry.
6. camels—laden with merchandise; the
camel is "the ship of the desert" (compare Isa 30:6).
cover thee—so many of them shall there
dromedaries—They have one hunch on the
back, whereas the camel has two: distinguished for swiftness
Midian—east of the Elanitic branch of
the Red Sea, and stretching northward along Mount Seir. Associated with
the Ishmaelites in traffic (Ge 37:25, 28).
Ephah—part of Midian, east of the Dead
Sea. It abounded in camels (Jud 6:5).
Sheba—in Arabia-Felix, famed for
frankincense and gold (Ps 72:15; Jer 6:20), which they traded in (Isa
45:14; Job 6:19; Eze 27:22).
7. Kedar—(Isa 21:16; So 1:5), in the south of Arabia-Deserta, or
north of Arabia-Petræa; they traded in flocks (Eze 27:21).
Nebaioth—son of Ishmael, as was Kedar.
Father of the Nabatheans in Arabia-Petræa.
minister—by coming up as an acceptable
come up with acceptance—that is,
acceptably. The rams offering themselves voluntarily (Ps 68:30; Ro 12:1; 1Pe 2:5), without waiting for any other priest,
answer to believers strong in faith and lamb-like meekness; and in the
white fleece-like robe of sanctity [Vitringa].
house of my glory—the temple (Eze 41:1-26; Hag 2:7, 9; Mal 3:1).
8. The prophet, seeing in vision new hosts
approaching quickly like a cloud of doves, asks who they are.
9. (see on Isa
Tarshish first—The ships of
Tartessus (see on Isa 2:16; Isa 23:1, that is, vessels that trade to the most
distant regions) will be among the foremost to bring back the
scattered Israelites (Isa 66:20).
their silver—The nations among whom
the Jews have been scattered shall help them with their money in
returning (Isa 60:5-7, 11, 16), as was the case at the return from
1:4; compare Ps 68:30, 31).
unto the name … to the Holy
One—rather, because of the name—because
of the Holy One (compare Isa 55:5) [Lowth].
10. kings … minister unto
thee—(See on Isa 60:7; Isa 49:23).
in my wrath I smote thee—(Isa 54:7, 8;
11. (Re 21:25). The gates are ever open to receive new
offerings and converts (Isa 26:2; Ac 14:27; Re 3:8). In time of peace the gates of a
city are open: so, under the Prince of peace, there shall be no need of
barring gates against invaders.
be brought—as willing captives to the
truth; or, if not willingly, be bought by judgments to submit
to Israel (Isa 60:12, 14). Gesenius explains it, "may come escorted by a
12. For—the reason which will lead
Gentile kings and people to submit themselves; fear of the God in
Israel (Zec 14:17).
13. glory—that is, the trees
which adorned Lebanon; emblem of men eminent in natural gifts, devoting
all that is in them to the God of Israel (Ho 14:5, 6).
fir … pine … box—rather,
"the cypress … ilex … cedar."
place of my sanctuary—Jerusalem (Jer 3:17).
place of my feet—no longer the
ark (Jer 3:16),
"the footstool" of Jehovah (Ps 99:5; 132:7; 1Ch 28:2); but "the place of His throne, the
place of the soles of His feet, where He will dwell in the midst of the
children of Israel for ever," in the new temple (Eze 43:7).
14. The sons—Their fathers who
"afflicted" Israel having been cut off by divine judgments (Isa 14:1,
The Zion of the Holy One—The royal
court of the Holy One. Maurer
translates, "Zion, the sanctuary (holy place) of Israel"
(Isa 57:15; Ps 46:4).
15. forsaken—(Ps 78:60, 61).
no man went through thee—Thy land was
so desolate that no traveller, or caravan, passed through thee; true
only of Israel, not true of the Church (La 1:4).
excellency—glory, that is, for ever
16. suck—Thou shalt draw to thyself and
enjoy all that is valuable of the possessions of the Gentiles, &c.
(Isa 49:23; 61:6; 66:11, 12).
know—by the favors bestowed on thee,
and through thee on the Gentiles.
17. Poetically, with figurative allusion to
the furniture of the temple; all things in that happy age to come shall
be changed for the better.
exactors—namely, of tribute.
righteousness—All rulers in restored
Jerusalem shall not only be peaceable and righteous, but shall be, as
it were, "peace" and "righteousness" itself in their
18. (Isa 2:4). Not only shall thy walls keep thee
safe from foes, but "Salvation" shall serve as thy walls,
converting thy foes into friends, and so ensuring thee perfect safety
gates—once the scene of "destruction"
when victorious foes burst through them (Ne 1:3); henceforth to be not only the scene of
praises, but "Praise" itself; the "gates," as the place of public
concourse, were the scene of thanksgivings (2Ch
31:2; Ps 9:14; 24:7; 100:4).
"Judah," the favored tribe, means "praise."
19. The sun and moon, the brightest objects by
day and night, shall be eclipsed by the surpassing glory of God
manifesting Himself to thee (Isa 30:26; Zec 2:5;
Re 21:23; 22:5).
20. There shall be no national and spiritual
obscuration again as formerly (Joe 2:10; Am 8:9).
mourning … ended—(Isa 25:8; Re
21. all righteous—(Isa 4:3;
52:1; Re 21:27).
inherit … land—(Isa 49:8; 54:3; 65:9; Ps 37:11, 22; Mt 5:5).
branch of my planting—(Isa
61:3; Ps 92:13; Mt 15:13).
work of my hands—the converted
Israelites (Isa 29:23; 45:11).
that I may be glorified—the final end
of all God's gracious dealings (Isa 49:3; 61:3).
22. little one—Even one, and that the
smallest in number and rank, shall be multiplied a thousandfold in both
respects (Mic 5:2; Mt 13:31, 32).
his time—not our time;
we might wish to hasten it, but it will come in due time, as in
the case of Jesus' first coming (Ga 4:4); so in that of the restoration of
Israel and the conversion of the world (Isa 66:8; Hab
2:3; Ac 1:7; Heb 10:37).