1. Every wise, &c.—literally, "The
wisdoms" (compare Pr 9:1) "of
women," plural, a distributive form of speech.
buildeth … house—increases
wealth, which the foolish, by mismanagement, lessen.
2. uprightness—is the fruit of fearing
God, as falsehood and ill-nature (Pr 2:15; 3:32) of despising Him and His law.
3. rod of pride—that is, the punishment
of pride, which they evince by their words. The words of the wise
procure good to them.
4. crib is clean—empty; so "cleanness of
teeth" denotes want of food (compare Am 4:6). Men get the proper fruit of their
5. A faithful witness, &c.—one
tested to be such.
utter lies—or, "breathe out
lies"—that is, habitually lies (Pr 6:19; compare Ac 9:1). Or the sense is, that habitual
truthfulness, or lying, will be evinced in witness-bearing.
6. An humble, teachable spirit succeeds in
seeking (Pr 8:9; Joh 7:17; Jas 1:5, 6).
7. Avoid the society of those who cannot teach
8. Appearances deceive the thoughtless, but
the prudent discriminate.
9. Fools make a mock at sin—or, "Sin
righteous … favour—that is, of
God, instead of the punishment of sin.
10. Each one best knows his own sorrows or
11. (Compare Pr 12:7). The contrast of the whole is enhanced
by that of house and tabernacle, a permanent and a
12. end thereof—or, "reward," what
results (compare Pr 5:4).
ways of death—leading to it.
13. The preceding sentiment illustrated by the
disappointments of a wicked or untimely joy.
14. filled … ways—receive
retribution (Pr 1:31).
a good man … himself—literally,
"is away from such," will not associate with him.
15. The simple … word—He is
credulous, not from love, but heedlessness (Pr 13:16).
16. (Compare Pr 3:7; 28:14).
rageth—acts proudly and
17. He … angry—literally, "short
of anger" (compare Pr 14:29,
man … hated—that is, the
deliberate evildoer is more hated than the rash.
18. inherit—as a portion (compare Pr 3:35).
are crowned—literally, "are surrounded
with it," abound in it.
19. Describes the humbling of the wicked by
the punishment their sins incur.
20. This sad but true picture of human nature
is not given approvingly, but only as a fact.
21. For such contempt of the poor is
contrasted as sinful with the virtuous compassion of the good.
22. As usual, the interrogative negative
strengthens the affirmative.
mercy and truth—that is, God's (Ps 57:3;
23. labour—painful diligence.
talk … penury—idle and vain
promises and plans.
24. (Compare Pr 3:16).
foolishness … folly—Folly
remains, or produces folly; it has no benefit.
25. Life often depends on
a deceitful … lies—He that
breathes out lies is deceit, not to be trusted (Pr 14:5).
26. The blessings of piety descend to children
(Pr 13:22; 20:7; Ex 20:6).
27. (Compare Pr 13:14).
fear of the Lord—or, "law of the
wise," is wisdom (Ps 111:10).
28. The teaching of a true political
29. slow … understanding—(Compare
hasty—(Compare Pr 14:17).
exalteth folly—makes it conspicuous,
as if delighting to honor it.
30. A sound heart—both literally and
figuratively, a source of health; in the latter sense, opposed to the
known effect of evil passions on health.
31. reproacheth his Maker—who is the God
of such, as well as of the rich (Pr 22:2; Job 31:15; and specially 1Sa 2:8; Ps
32. driven—thrust out violently (compare
hath hope—trusteth (Pr 10:2;
11:4; Ps 2:12), implying
assurance of help.
33. resteth—preserved in quietness for
use, while fools blazon their folly (Pr 12:23; 13:16).
34. Righteousness—just principles and
exalteth—raises to honor.
is a reproach—brings on them the
ill-will of others (compare Pr 13:6).
35. wise—discreet or prudent.
causeth shame—(Pr 10:5; 12:4) acts basely.