1. (Compare Pr 6:1-5; 10:1, 17).
2. shall eat—that is, obtain (Pr 12:14).
transgressors—as in Pr 2:22.
violence—or, "mischief" to
3. He … mouth … life—because
evil speeches may provoke violence from others.
he that openeth wide his lips shall have
destruction—On last clause, compare Pr 10:14.
4. (Compare Pr 12:11, 27).
5. loathsome … shame—better,
causeth shame and reproach (compare Pr 19:26), by slander, &c., which the
6. A sentiment of frequent recurrence, that
piety benefits and sin injures.
7. In opposite ways men act hypocritically for
gain of honor or wealth.
8. Riches save some from punishment, while
others suffer because they will not heed the rebuke of sloth, which
makes and keeps them poor.
9. light … lamp—prosperity; the
first, the greater, and it
rejoiceth—burns brightly, or
continues, while the other, at best small, soon fails.
10. The obstinacy which attends self-conceit,
produces contention, which the well-advised, thus evincing modesty,
11. by vanity—or, "nothingness," that
is, which is vain or useless to the public (as card playing or similar
gathereth … labour—(Compare
Margin), little by little, laboriously.
12. desire cometh—is realized.
a tree of life—or, "cause of
13. the word—that is, of advice, or,
instruction (compare Pr 10:27; 11:31).
14. (Compare Pr 10:11).
fountain—or, "source of life."
to depart—(compare Pr 1:2-4), or, "for departing," &c., and so
15. Right perception and action secure good
will, while evil ways are difficult as a stony road. The wicked left of
God find punishment of sin in sinning.
hard—or, "harsh" (compare
Hebrew: De 21:4; Jer 5:15).
16. dealeth—acts with foresight.
a fool … folly—for want of
17. A wicked—or, "unfaithful"
messenger falleth into mischief—or,
"by mischief," or "evil," and so his errand fails. Contrasted is the
character of the faithful, whose faithfulness benefits others.
18. (Compare Pr 10:17; 12:1).
19. Self-denial, which fools will not endure,
is essential to success.
20. The benefits of good and evil of bad
society are contrasted.
21. (Compare Pr 11:31).
good … repaid—or, "He (God) will
22. wealth … just—While good men's
estates remain in their families, God so orders that the gains of
sinners enure to the just (compare Pr 28:8; Ps 37:18, 22,
23. The laboring poor prosper more than those
who injudiciously or wickedly strive, by fraud and violence, to
supersede the necessity of lawful labor.
24. spareth—or, "withholds."
hateth—or, acts as if he hated him
(compare Pr 3:12; 8:36).
chasteneth … betimes—or,
"diligently seeks for him all useful discipline."
25. The comparative temporal prosperity of the
righteous and wicked, rather than contentment and discontent, is