Pr 10:1-32. Here begins the second part of the
book, Pr 10:1-22:16, which, with the third, Pr
22:16-25:28, contains series
of proverbs whose sense is complete in one or two verses, and which,
having no logical connection, admit of no analysis. The parallelisms of
10:1-15:33 are mostly
antithetic; and those of Pr 16:1-22:16, synthetic. The evidences of art in the
structure are very clear, and indicate, probably, a purpose of
facilitating the labor of memorizing.
1. wise [and] foolish—as they
follow or reject the precepts of wisdom.
maketh … father—or, "gladdens a
2. Treasures … nothing—that is,
Ill-gotten gains give no true happiness (compare Pr 4:17; Mt
beneficence (Ps 112:9).
death—the greatest of all evils.
3. (Compare Ps 37:16-20). The last clause is better: "He will
repel the greedy desires of the wicked."
4. slack—literally, "deceitful," failing
of its purpose (compare Ho 7:16).
maketh rich—(compare Pr 10:22).
5. son—as Pr 1:8, 10, and often.
sleepeth—in indolence, and not for
causeth shame—literally, "is base"
(compare Pr 14:35; 17:2).
6. Blessings—literally, "Praises." The
last clause is better: "The mouth of the wicked covereth (or
concealeth) violence (or mischievous devices)" to be executed in due
time (Ps 5:9; 10:7; Ro 3:14), and hence has no praises (compare
7. blessed—literally, "for a blessing,"
shall rot—literally, "be worm-eaten,"
useless and disgusting.
8. wise, &c.—(compare Pr 9:8, 9, 16), opposed to
prating fool—or, "fool of lips of
9. perverteth his ways—acts
known—discovered and punished.
10. Two vices contrasted; hypocrisy, or
insinuating evil against one (Pr 6:13; Ps 35:19), and rashness of speech. In each case,
the results are on the evildoers.
11. a well—or, "source" of good to
himself and others (Joh 7:37, 38). On last clause, see on Pr 10:6.
12. strifes—or, "litigations."
covereth—by forgiveness and
13. In the lips … found—hence, not
beaten, as the wicked-speaking fool.
void of understanding—(Pr 6:32; 7:7).
14. lay up knowledge—that is, as
treasures for good use.
mouth … destruction—or, "as to
the mouth," &c., destruction is near; they expose themselves to
evil by prating.
15. Both by trusting in "uncertain riches"
6:17), or by the evils of
30:9), men, not fearing God,
fall into dangers.
16. The industry of the righteous is alone
truly successful, while the earnings of the wicked tempt and lead to
17. keepeth—observes (Pr 3:18; 4:22).
refuseth—or, "turns from reproof,"
which might direct him aright.
18. Both vices must one day be known and
punished, and hence their folly.
19. Much speech involves risk of sin; hence
the wisdom of restraining the tongue (Ps 39:1; Jas 1:26).
20. Right speech is the fruit of a good heart,
but the wicked show theirs to be useless.
21. Fools not only fail to benefit others, as
do the righteous, but procure their own ruin (compare Pr 10:11, 17;
22. it maketh, &c.—"it" is emphatic.
Riches from God are without the sorrow of ill-gotten wealth (compare
Ec 2:21-23; 1Ti 6:9, 10, 17).
23. Sin is the pleasure of the wicked; wisdom
that of the good.
24. it—the very thing. The wicked get
dreaded evil; the righteous, desired good.
25. (Compare Ps 1:4; 37:9, 10, 36).
righteous … foundation—well laid
and firm (Mt 7:24, 25).
26. that is, causes vexation.
27. (Compare Pr 9:11; Ps 55:23).
28. gladness—in confidence of realizing
expectation … perish—in
29. The way, &c.—that is, God's
providence sustains the righteous and overthrows the wicked (Ho 14:9).
30. (Compare Pr 12:3; Ps 37:9-11;
earth—or, "land of promise."
31. bringeth forth—literally,
"germinates" as a plant.
froward—(Compare Pr 2:12, 14).
cut off—as an unproductive plant.
32. know—regard and provide for (Ps 1:6).
frowardness—all kinds of deceit and
ill-nature. The word is plural.