After admonitions against suretyship and sloth (compare Pr 6:6-8), the character and fate of the wicked
generally are set forth, and the writer (Pr 6:20-35) resumes the warnings against
incontinence, pointing out its certain and terrible results. This train
of thought seems to intimate the kindred of these vices.
1, 2. if—The condition extends through
be surety—art pledged.
stricken … hand—bargained
(compare Job 17:3).
with a stranger—that is, for a friend
(compare Pr 11:15; 17:18).
3. come … friend—in his power.
humble … sure thy friend—urge as
a suppliant; that is, induce the friend to provide otherwise for his
debt, or secure the surety.
4, 5. The danger requires promptness.
6-8. The improvident sluggards usually want
sureties. Hence, such are advised to industry by the ant's example.
9, 10. Their conduct graphically
11. and the fruits of their self-indulgence
and indolence presented.
as … travelleth—literally, "one
who walks backwards and forwards," that is, a highwayman.
armed man—that is, one prepared to
12. A naughty person—literally, "A man
of Belial," or of worthlessness, that is, for good, and so depraved, or
wicked (compare 1Sa 25:25; 30:22, &c.). Idleness and vice are allied.
Though indolent in acts, he actively and habitually (walketh) is
ill-natured in speech (Pr 4:24).
13, 14. If, for fear of detection, he does not
speak, he uses signs to carry on his intrigues. These signs are still
so used in the East.
14. Frowardness—as in Pr 2:14.
deviseth—literally, "constructs, as an
mischief—evil to others.
discord—especially litigation. Cunning
is the talent of the weak and lazy.
15. Suddenness aggravates evil (compare
calamity—literally, "a crushing
broken—shivered as a potter's vessel;
utterly destroyed (Ps 2:9).
16-19. six … seven—a mode of
speaking to arrest attention (Pr 30:15, 18; Job 5:19).
17. proud look—literally, "eyes of
loftiness" (Ps 131:1).
Eyes, tongue, &c., for persons.
19. speaketh—literally, "breathes out,"
habitually speaks (Ps 27:12; Ac 9:1).
20-23. (Compare Pr 1:8; 3:3, &c.).
22. it—(compare Pr 6:23); denotes the instruction of parents
6:20), to which all the
qualities of a safe guide and guard and ready teacher are ascribed. It
prevents the ingress of evil by supplying good thoughts, even in dreams
(Pr 3:21-23; Ps 19:9; 2Pe 1:19).
23. reproofs—(Pr 1:23) the convictions of error produced by
24. A specimen of its benefit. By appreciating
truth, men are not affected by lying flattery.
25. One of the cautions of this instruction,
avoid alluring beauty.
eyelids—By painting the lashes, women
26. The supplied words give a better sense
than the old version: "The price of a whore is a piece of bread."
which the parallel and context (Pr 6:29-35) sustain. Of similar results of this
sin, compare Pr 5:9-12.
will hunt—alluding to the snares
spread by harlots (compare Pr 7:6-8).
precious life—more valuable than all
27-29. The guilt and danger most obvious.
30, 31. Such a thief is pitied, though heavily
31. sevenfold—(compare Ex 22:1-4), for many, ample (compare Ge 4:24; Mt
18:21), even if all his
wealth is taken.
32. lacketh understanding—or, "heart";
destitute of moral principle and prudence.
33. dishonour—or, "shame," as well as
hurt of body (Pr 3:35).
reproach … away—No restitution
34, 35. nor any terms of reconciliation be
regard—or, "accept" any ransom.