Ps 32:1-11. Maschil—literally, "giving
instruction." The Psalmist describes the blessings of His forgiveness,
succeeding the pains of conviction, and deduces from his own experience
instruction and exhortation to others.
1, 2. (Compare Ro 4:6).
forgiven—literally, "taken away,"
opposed to retain (Joh 20:23).
covered—so that God no longer regards
the sin (Ps
2. imputeth—charge to him, and treat him
no guile—or, deceit, no false
estimate of himself, nor insincerity before God (compare Ro 8:1).
3, 4. A vivid description of felt, but
When—literally, "for," as in Ps 32:4.
4. thy hand—of God, or power in
distressing him (Ps 38:2).
moisture—vital juices of the body, the
parching heat of which expresses the anguish of the soul. On the other
figures, compare Ps 6:2, 7; 31:9-11. If composed on the occasion of the fifty-first Psalm, this distress may have been
protracted for several months.
5. A prompt fulfilment of the purposed
confession is followed by a prompt forgiveness.
6. For this—that is, my happy
godly—pious in the sense of Ps 4:3.
a time—(Isa 55:6); when God's Spirit inclines us to seek
pardon, He is ready to forgive.
floods, &c.—denotes great danger
7. His experience illustrates the statement of
8. Whether, as most likely, the language of
David (compare Ps 51:13),
or that of God, this is a promise of divine guidance.
I will … mine eye—or, My eye
shall be on thee, watching and directing thy way.
9. The latter clause, more literally, "in
that they come not near thee"; that is, because they will
not come, &c., unless forced by bit and bridle.
10. The sorrows of the impenitent contrasted
with the peace and safety secured by God's mercy.
11. The righteous and upright, or those
conforming to the divine teaching for securing the divine blessing, may
well rejoice with shouting.