Ps 24:1-10. God's supreme sovereignty requires a
befitting holiness of life and heart in His worshippers; a sentiment
sublimely illustrated by describing His entrance into the sanctuary, by
the symbol of His worship—the ark, as requiring the most profound
homage to the glory of His Majesty.
world—the habitable globe, with
they that dwell—forming a parallel
expression to the first clause.
2. Poetically represents the facts of Ge 1:9.
3, 4. The form of a question gives vivacity.
Hands, tongue, and heart are organs of action, speech,
and feeling, which compose character.
hill of the Lord—(compare Ps 2:6, &c.). His Church—the true or
invisible, as typified by the earthly sanctuary.
4. lifted up his soul—is to set the
affections (Ps 25:1) on
an object; here,
vanity—or, any false thing, of which
swearing falsely, or to falsehood, is a specification.
5. righteousness—the rewards which God
bestows on His people, or the grace to secure those rewards as well as
6. Jacob—By "Jacob," we may understand
God's people (compare Isa 43:22; 44:2, &c.), corresponding to "the
generation," as if he had said, "those who seek Thy face are Thy chosen
7-10. The entrance of the ark, with the
attending procession, into the holy sanctuary is pictured to us. The
repetition of the terms gives emphasis.
10. Lord of hosts—or fully, Lord God
of hosts (Ho 12:5; Am 4:13), describes God by a title indicative of
supremacy over all creatures, and especially the heavenly armies (Jos
5:14; 1Ki 22:19). Whether, as
some think, the actual enlargement of the ancient gates of Jerusalem be
the basis of the figure, the effect of the whole is to impress us with
a conception of the matchless majesty of God.