Ps 21:1-13. The pious are led by the Psalmist to
celebrate God's favor to the king in the already conferred and in
prospective victories. The doxology added may relate to both Psalms;
the preceding of petition, chiefly this of thanksgiving, ascribing
honor to God for His display of grace and power to His Church in all
ages, not only under David, but also under his last greatest successor,
"the King of the Jews."
1. thy strength … thy salvation—as
supplied by Thee.
2. The sentiment affirmed in the first clause
is reaffirmed by the negation of its opposite in the second.
3. preventest—literally, "to meet here
in good sense," or "friendship" (Ps 59:10; compare opposite, Ps 17:13).
blessings of goodness—which confer
crown of pure gold—a figure for the
highest royal prosperity.
4-6. (Compare 2Sa 7:13-16). The glory and blessedness of the king
as head of his line, including Christ, as well as in being God's
specially selected servant, exceeded that of all others.
6. made him most blessed—or set him "to
be blessings," as Abraham (Ge 12:2).
with thy countenance—by sight of thee
16:11), or by Thy favor
expressed by the light of Thy countenance (Nu 6:25), or both.
7. The mediate cause is the king's faith, the
efficient, God's mercy.
8. The address is now made to the king.
hand—denotes power, and
right hand—a more active and efficient
degree of its exercise.
find out—reach, lay hold of,
indicating success in pursuit of his enemies.
9. The king is only God's agent.
anger—literally, "face," as appearing
as a fiery oven—as in it.
10. fruit—children (Ps 37:25; Ho
11. This terrible overthrow, reaching to
posterity, is due to their crimes (Ex 20:5, 6).
12. turn their back—literally, "place
them [as to the] shoulder."
against the face of them—The shooting
against their faces would cause them to turn their backs in flight.
13. The glory of all is ascribable to God