Ps 19:1-14. After exhibiting the harmonious
revelation of God's perfections made by His works and His word, the
Psalmist prays for conformity to the Divine teaching.
1. the glory of God—is the sum of His
perfections (Ps 24:7-10; Ro 1:20).
firmament—another word for "heavens"
handywork—old English for "work
of His hands."
2. uttereth—pours forth as a stream; a
3. Though there is no articulate speech or
words, yet without these their voice is heard (compare
4. Their line—or,
"instruction"—the influence exerted by their tacit display of
God's perfections. Paul (Ro 10:18),
quoting from the Septuagint, uses "sound," which gives the same
5, 6. The sun, as the most glorious heavenly
body, is specially used to illustrate the sentiment; and his vigorous,
cheerful, daily, and extensive course, and his reviving heat (including
light), well display the wondrous wisdom of his Maker.
7-9. The law is described by six names,
epithets, and effects. It is a rule, God's testimony for the truth, His
special and general prescription of duty, fear (as its cause) and
judicial decision. It is distinct and certain, reliable, right, pure,
holy, and true. Hence it revives those depressed by doubts, makes wise
the unskilled (2Ti 3:15),
rejoices the lover of truth, strengthens the desponding (Ps 13:4; 34:6), provides permanent principles of
conduct, and by God's grace brings a rich reward.
12-14. The clearer our view of the law, the
more manifest are our sins. Still for its full effect we need divine
grace to show us our faults, acquit us, restrain us from the practice,
and free us from the power, of sin. Thus only can our conduct be
blameless, and our words and thoughts acceptable to God.